Rapid change in freshwater content of the Arctic Ocean

Thumbnail Image
McPhee, M. G.
Proshutinsky, Andrey
Morison, James H.
Steele, Michael
Alkire, Matthew
Linked Authors
Alternative Title
Date Created
Related Materials
Replaced By
Freshwater content
Arctic change
The dramatic reduction in minimum Arctic sea ice extent in recent years has been accompanied by surprising changes in the thermohaline structure of the Arctic Ocean, with potentially important impact on convection in the North Atlantic and the meridional overturning circulation of the world ocean. Extensive aerial hydrographic surveys carried out in March–April, 2008, indicate major shifts in the amount and distribution of fresh-water content (FWC) when compared with winter climatological values, including substantial freshening on the Pacific side of the Lomonosov Ridge. Measurements in the Canada and Makarov Basins suggest that total FWC there has increased by as much as 8,500 cubic kilometers in the area surveyed, effecting significant changes in the sea-surface dynamic topography, with an increase of about 75% in steric level difference from the Canada to Eurasian Basins, and a major shift in both surface geostrophic currents and freshwater transport in the Beaufort Gyre.
Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2009. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Geophysical Research Letters 36 (2009): L10602, doi:10.1029/2009GL037525.
Embargo Date
Geophysical Research Letters 36 (2009): L10602
Cruise ID
Cruise DOI
Vessel Name