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  • Iron persistence in a distal hydrothermal plume supported by dissolved–particulate exchange 

    Fitzsimmons, Jessica N.; John, Seth G.; Marsay, Christopher M.; Hoffman, Colleen L.; Nicholas, Sarah L.; Toner, Brandy M.; German, Christopher R.; Sherrell, Robert M. (2017-01)
    Hydrothermally-sourced dissolved metals have been recorded in all ocean basins. In the oceans’ largest known hydrothermal plume, extending westward across the Pacific from the Southern East Pacific Rise, dissolved iron and ...
  • Calving localization at Helheim Glacier using multiple local seismic stations 

    Mei, M. Jeffrey; Holland, David M.; Anandakrishnan, Sridhar; Zheng, Tiantian (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2017-02-22)
    A multiple-station technique for localizing glacier calving events is applied to Helheim Glacier in southeastern Greenland. The difference in seismic-wave arrival times between each pairing of four local seismometers is ...
  • Multifaceted impacts of the stony coral Porites astreoides on picoplankton abundance and community composition 

    McNally, Sean; Parsons, Rachel J.; Santoro, Alyson E.; Apprill, Amy (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-10-12)
    Picoplankton foster essential recycling of nutrients in the oligotrophic waters sustaining coral reef ecosystems. Despite this fact, there is a paucity of data on how the specific interactions between corals and planktonic ...
  • A record of Neogene seawater δ11B reconstructed from paired δ11B analyses on benthic and planktic foraminifera 

    Greenop, Rosanna; Hain, Mathis P.; Sosdian, Sindia M.; Oliver, Kevin I. C.; Goodwin, Philip; Chalk, Thomas B.; Lear, Caroline H.; Wilson, Paul A.; Foster, Gavin L. (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2017-02-24)
    The boron isotope composition (δ11B) of foraminiferal calcite reflects the pH and the boron isotope composition of the seawater the foraminifer grew in. For pH reconstructions, the δ11B of seawater must therefore be known, ...
  • The use of mesoscale eddies by juvenile loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) in the southwestern Atlantic 

    Gaube, Peter; Barceló, Caren; McGillicuddy, Dennis J.; Domingo, Andrés; Miller, Philip; Giffoni, Bruno; Marcovaldi, Neca; Swimmer, Yonat (Public Library of Science, 2017-03-01)
    Marine animals, such as turtles, seabirds and pelagic fishes, are observed to travel and congregate around eddies in the open ocean. Mesoscale eddies, large swirling ocean vortices with radius scales of approximately 50–100 ...
  • From the track to the ocean : using flow control to improve marine bio-logging tags for cetaceans 

    Fiore, Giovani; Anderson, Erik J.; Garborg, C. Spencer; Murray, Mark M.; Johnson, Mark P.; Moore, Michael J.; Howle, Laurens; Shorter, K. Alex (Public Library of Science, 2017-02-14)
    Bio-logging tags are an important tool for the study of cetaceans, but superficial tags inevitably increase hydrodynamic loading. Substantial forces can be generated by tags on fast-swimming animals, potentially affecting ...
  • Mass coral mortality under local amplification of 2°C ocean warming 

    DeCarlo, Thomas M.; Cohen, Anne L.; Wong, George T. F.; Davis, Kristen A.; Lohmann, George P.; Soong, Keryea (Nature Publishing Group, 2017-03-23)
    A 2°C increase in global temperature above pre-industrial levels is considered a reasonable target for avoiding the most devastating impacts of anthropogenic climate change. In June 2015, sea surface temperature (SST) of ...
  • Suppressing breakers with polar oil films : using an epic sea rescue to model wave energy budgets 

    Cox, Charles S.; Zhang, Xin; Duda, Timothy F. (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-02-07)
    Oil has been used to still stormy seas for centuries, but the mechanisms are poorly understood. Here we examine the processes by using quantitative information from a remarkable 1883 sea rescue where oil was used to reduce ...
  • Dynamic triggering and earthquake swarms on East Pacific Rise transform faults 

    Cattania, Camilla; McGuire, Jeffrey J.; Collins, John A. (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-01-18)
    While dynamic earthquake triggering has been reported in several continental settings, offshore observations are rare. Oceanic transform faults share properties with continental geothermal areas known for dynamic triggering: ...
  • The ocean's saltiness and its overturning 

    Cael, B. Barry; Ferrari, Raffaele (John Wiley & Sons, 2017-02-22)
    Here we explore the relationship between the mean salinity S of the ocean and the strength of its Atlantic and Pacific Meridional Overturning Circulations (AMOC and PMOC). We compare simulations performed with a realistically ...

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