Near collapse of the meridional SST gradient in the eastern equatorial Pacific during Heinrich Stadial 1

Thumbnail Image
Kienast, Stephanie S.
Friedrich, Tobias
Dubois, Nathalie
Hill, Paul S.
Timmermann, Axel
Mix, Alan C.
Kienast, Markus
Alternative Title
Date Created
Replaced By
Meridional SST gradient
Eastern equatorial Pacific
Heinrich Stadial 1
Sea surface temperatures (SST) and inorganic continental input over the last 25,000 years (25 ka) are reconstructed in the far eastern equatorial Pacific (EEP) based on three cores stretching from the equatorial front (~0.01°N, ME0005-24JC) into the cold tongue region (~3.6°S; TR163-31P and V19-30). We revisit previously published alkenone-derived SST records for these sites and present a revised chronology for V19-30. Inorganic continental input is quantified at all three sites based on 230Th-normalized fluxes of the long-lived continental isotope thorium-232 and interpreted to be largely dust. Our data show a very weak meridional (cross-equatorial) SST gradient during Heinrich Stadial 1 (HS1, 18–15 ka B.P.) and high dust input along with peak export production at and north of the equator. These findings are corroborated by an Earth system model experiment for HS1 that simulates intensified northeasterly trade winds in the EEP, stronger equatorial upwelling, and surface cooling. Furthermore, the related southward shift of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) during HS1 is also indicative of drier conditions in the typical source regions for dust.
Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2013. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Paleoceanography 28 (2013): 663–674, doi:10.1002/2013PA002499.
Embargo Date
Paleoceanography 28 (2013): 663–674
Cruise ID
Cruise DOI
Vessel Name