Hydrothermal exploration of the southern Chile Rise: sediment‐hosted venting at the Chile Triple Junction

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DOI
10.1029/2021gc010317
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Keywords
Hydrothermal
Geochemistry
Chile Rise
Chile Triple Junction
Sediment hosted
Abstract
We report results from a hydrothermal plume survey along the southernmost Chile Rise from the Guamblin Fracture Zone to the Chile Triple Junction (CTJ) encompassing two segments (93 km cumulative length) of intermediate spreading-rate mid-ocean ridge axis. Our approach used in situ water column sensing (CTD, optical clarity, redox disequilibrium) coupled with sampling for shipboard and shore based geochemical analyses (δ3He, CH4, total dissolvable iron (TDFe) and manganese, (TDMn)) to explore for evidence of seafloor hydrothermal venting. Across the entire survey, the only location at which evidence for submarine venting was detected was at the southernmost limit to the survey. There, the source of a dispersing hydrothermal plume was located at 46°16.5’S, 75°47.9’W, coincident with the CTJ itself. The plume exhibits anomalies in both δ3He and dissolved CH4 but no enrichments in TDFe or TDMn beyond what can be attributed to resuspension of sediments covering the seafloor where the ridge intersects the Chile margin. These results are indicative of sediment-hosted venting at the CTJ.
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© The Author(s), 2022. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in German, C., Baumberger, T., Lilley, M., Lupton, J., Noble, A., Saito, M., Thurber, A., & Blackman, D. Hydrothermal exploration of the southern Chile Rise: sediment‐hosted venting at the Chile Triple Junction. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 23(3), (2022): e2021GC010317, https://doi.org/10.1029/2021gc010317.
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German, C., Baumberger, T., Lilley, M., Lupton, J., Noble, A., Saito, M., Thurber, A., & Blackman, D. (2022). Hydrothermal exploration of the southern Chile Rise: sediment‐hosted venting at the Chile Triple Junction. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 23(3), e2021GC010317.
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