von der Heydt Keith

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  • Technical Report
    Design and operation of automated ice-tethered profilers for real-time seawater observations in the polar oceans
    (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2006-06) Krishfield, Richard A. ; Doherty, Kenneth W. ; Frye, Daniel E. ; Hammar, Terence R. ; Kemp, John N. ; Peters, Donald B. ; Proshutinsky, Andrey ; Toole, John M. ; von der Heydt, Keith
    An automated, easily-deployed Ice-Tethered Profiler (ITP) has been developed for deployment on perennial sea ice in polar oceans to measure changes in upper ocean temperature and salinity in all seasons. The ITP system consists of three components: a surface instrument that sits atop an ice floe, a weighted, plastic-jacketed wire-rope tether of arbitrary length (up to 800 m) suspended from the surface instrument, and an instrumented underwater unit that profiles up and down the wire tether. The profiling underwater unit is similar in shape and dimension to an ARGO float except that the float's variable-buoyancy system is replaced with a traction drive unit. Deployment of ITPs may be conducted either from ice caps or icebreakers, utilizing a self contained tripod/winch system that requires no power. Careful selection of an appropriate multiyear ice floe is needed to prolong the lifetime of the system (up to 3 years depending on the profiling schedule). Shortly after deployment, each ITP begins profiling the water column at its programmed sampling interval. After each acquired temperature and salinity profile, the underwater unit (PROCON) transfers the data and engineering files using an inductive modem to the surface controller (SURFCON). SURFCON also accumulates battery voltages, buoy temperature, and locations from GPS at specified intervals in status files, and queues that information for transmission at the start of each new day. At frequent intervals, an Iridium satellite transceiver in the surface package calls and transmits queued status and CTD data files onto a WHOI logger computer, which are subsequently processed and displayed in near-real time at http://www.whoi.edu/itp. In 2004 and 2005, three ITP prototypes were deployed in the Arctic Ocean. Each system was programmed with accelerated sampling schedules of multiple one-way traverses per day between 10 and 750-760 m depth in order to quickly evaluate endurance and component fatigue. Two of the ITPs are continuing to function after more than 10 months and 1200 profiles. Larger motor currents are observed at times of fast ice floe motion when larger wire angles develop and drag forces on the profiler are increased. The CTD profile data so far obtained document interesting spatial variations in the major water masses of the Beaufort Gyre, show the double-diffusive thermohaline staircase that lies above the warm, salty Atlantic layer, and many mesoscale eddys. Deployed together with CRREL Ice Mass Balance (IMB) buoys, these ITP systems also operate as part of an Ice Based Observatory (IBO). Data returned from an array of IBOs within an Arctic Observing Network will provide valuable real time observations, support studies of ocean processes, and facilitate numerical model initialization and validation.
  • Technical Report
    Preliminary acoustic and oceanographic observations from the ASIAEX 2001 South China Sea Experiment
    (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2001-09) Newhall, Arthur E. ; Costello, Lawrence ; Duda, Timothy F. ; Dunn, James M. ; Gawarkiewicz, Glen G. ; Irish, James D. ; Kemp, John N. ; McPhee, Neil M. ; Liberatore, Stephen P. ; Lynch, James F. ; Ostrom, William M. ; Schroeder, Ted ; Trask, Richard P. ; von der Heydt, Keith
    The Asian Seas International Experiment (ASIAEX) was a very successful scientific collaboration between the United States of America (USA), the People’s Republic of China (PRC), Taiwan (ROC), the Republic of Korea (ROK), Japan, Russia, and Singapore. Preliminary field experiments associated with ASIAEX began in spring of 2000. The main experiments were performed in April-August, 2001. The scientific plan called for two major acoustics experiments, the first a bottom interaction experiment in the East China Sea (ECS) and the second a volume interaction experiment in the South China Sea (SCS). In addition to the acoustics efforts, there were also extremely strong physical oceanography and geology and geophysics components to the experiments. This report will concentrate on describing the moored component of the South China Sea portion of ASIAEX 2001 performed from the Taiwan Fisheries research vessel FR1 (Fisheries Researcher 1). Information on the environmental moorings deployed from the Taiwanese oceanographic research vessel OR1 (Oceanographic Researcher 1) will also be listed here for completeness, so that the reader can pursue later analyses of the data. This report does not pursue any data analyses per se.
  • Technical Report
    Array data acquisition with wireless LAN telemetry as applied to shallow water tomography in the Barents Sea
    (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1992-12) von der Heydt, Keith ; Kemp, John N. ; Lynch, James F. ; Miller, J. ; Chiu, Ching-Sang
    This report describes the application of a new technique of digital radio telemetry, based on a recently available wireless Local Area Network Ethernet adapter, to the need for realtime transmission of data from a vertical line array (VLA) of hydrophones to a nearby ship. The report is technical in nature and discusses the design and performance of the system as used during the Barents Sea Polar Front Experiment in August 1992. A key feature of the use of LAN technology in a "telemetry" application is the availability of Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) software for Ethernet hardware that greatly eases the task of achieving error free digital data over a radio link prone to dropouts.
  • Technical Report
    Acoustic and oceanographic observations and configuration information for the WHOI moorings from the SW06 experiment
    (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2007-05) Newhall, Arthur E. ; Duda, Timothy F. ; von der Heydt, Keith ; Irish, James D. ; Kemp, John N. ; Lerner, Steven A. ; Liberatore, Stephen P. ; Lin, Ying-Tsong ; Lynch, James F. ; Maffei, Andrew R. ; Morozov, Andrey K. ; Shmelev, Alexey A. ; Sellers, Cynthia J. ; Witzell, Warren E.
    This document describes data, sensors, and other useful information pertaining to the moorings that were deployed from the R/V Knorr from July 24th to August 4th, 2006 in support of the SW06 experiment. The SW06 experiment was a large, multi-disciplinary effort performed 100 miles east of the New Jersey coast. A total of 62 acoustic and oceanographic moorings were deployed and recovered. The moorings were deployed in a “T” geometry to create an along-shelf path along the 80 meter isobath and an across-shelf path starting at 600 meters depth and going shoreward to a depth of 60 meters. A cluster of moorings was placed at the intersection of the two paths to create a dense sensor-populated area to measure a 3-dimensional physical oceanography. Environmental moorings were deployed along both along-shelf and across-shelf paths to measure the physical oceanography along those paths. Moorings with acoustic sources were placed at the outer ends of the “T” to propagate various signals along these paths. Five single hydrophone receivers were positioned on the across shelf path and a vertical and horizontal hydrophone array was positioned at the intersection of the “T” to get receptions from all the acoustics assets that were used during SW06.
  • Technical Report
    Radio LAN acquisition module (RLAM) : recent developments for high resolution data collection systems as implemented for the ONR sea ice mechanics experiment, spring 1994
    (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1995-05) von der Heydt, Keith ; Eck, Calvert F.
    During a recent experiment (April 1994), for the ONR Sea Ice Mechanics Initiative (SIMI), a portable data acquisition system was assembled that included 2 new developments. The first consists of a board, designed for the ISA PC bus incorporating 8 - 24 bit sigma-delta analog-to-digital converter (ADC) channels with 20 bit rms dynamic range. Among the features are programmable bandwidth to 1500 Hz, low power dissipation, digital anti-alias filtering, and a "floating point" mode resulting in a 16 bit word. Secondly, since the telemetry of data at continuous rates in excess of 100K bytes/s was required, hardware & software were developed to use a wireless LAN to network 3 sites up to 5km distant from the data recording system. Details of the system along with test data are described.
  • Technical Report
    At Sea Test 2 deployment cruise : cruise 475 on board R/V Oceanus September 22 – 26, 2011 Woods Hole –Woods Hole, MA
    (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2011-10) Weller, Robert A. ; Lund, John M. ; von der Heydt, Keith ; Palanza, Matthew ; Lerner, Steven A. ; Scholz, Tim ; Begler, Christian ; Siddal, Gregg ; Ostrom, William M. ; Newhall, Kris ; Bouchard, Paul R. ; McMonagle, Kathleen ; Jamieson, Eric ; Petitt, Robert A. ; O’Brien, Jeff ; Cook, Gary
    The R/V Oceanus, on Cruise 475, carried out the deployment of three moorings for the Coastal and Global Scale Nodes (CGSN) Implementing Organization of the NSF Ocean Observatories Initiative. These three moorings are prototypes of the moorings to be used by CGSN at the Pioneer, Endurance, and Global Arrays. Oceanus departed from Woods Hole, Massachusetts on September 22, 2011 and steamed south to the location of the mooring deployments on the shelf break. Over three days, September 23-25, Oceanus surveyed the bottom at the planned mooring sites, deployed the moorings, and carried out on site verification of the functioning of the moorings and moored hardware. Oceanus returned to Woods Hole on September 26, 2011.
  • Technical Report
    Optical disk based acquisition system (ODAS) : description and report following the first deployment during the Prudhoe Bay experiment Spring 1987 (PRUDEX)
    (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1987-11) von der Heydt, Keith
    This is a report on the use of one vendor's optical disk system for the archiving of data in the field. Two Optimem 1000 units are part of an acquisition system used by the Arctic acoustics groups at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology during an ice-camp based experiment conducted during March of 1987 north of Alaska, (PRUDEX). Data recording and disk directory formats developed specifically for continuous recording of multichannel digital data are described as well as the acquisition system itself. A brief overview of available optical disk drive systems and their applicability to use in the field for storage of large volumes of data is given.
  • Technical Report
    High continuous bandwidth multichannel acquisition system
    (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1991-06) von der Heydt, Keith
    Multichannel data acquisition has been a keystone of 7 ONR sponsored Arctic acoustic research programs conducted jointly by WHOI and MIT investigators from 1978 through 1989. This report describes the status and capability of the most recent system developed at WHOI for the purpose of acquiring digital data from up to 64 channels at sampling rates up to 20 kH per channel with data bandwidth to 5120 Hz. ONR funded the development of and use of this system and its prototye for 2 Arctic field experiments, PRUDEX 87 and CEAREX 89. It was most recently use during the Heard Island Feasibility Experiment in February 1991. Of note are the auto-gain ranging capabilty offering a dynamic measurement range of greater than 120 dB, the continuous storage capability of up to 200,000 samples per second to a Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) device, typically optical disk, and easy expandability with additional identical chanels connected in parallel.
  • Technical Report
    Preliminary acoustic and oceanographic observations from the winter Primer experiment
    (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1998-10) Newhall, Arthur E. ; von der Heydt, Keith ; Sperry, Brian J. ; Gawarkiewicz, Glen G. ; Lynch, James F.
    A joint acoustics and physical oceanography experiment was conducted in the winter of 1997 on the shell break and continental slope south of New England in the Middle Atlantic Bight (figure 1). This experiment, Primer4, provided a seasonal contrast to the previous summer Primer3 experiment and had the same goals and tasks: to study the thermohaline variability and structure of the shelfbreak front and its effects on acoustic propagation. To accomplish the linked oceanographic and acoustic objectives of this experiment, a combination of measurements (fig 2) were made. Seasoar hydrography, shipboard ADCP measurements, Satellite IR sea surface temperature field observations, and AXT drops were employed to study the larger scale oceanographic fields. To study the finer scale, which includes internal waves, a number of rapid-sampling thermistor strings and current meters, including a moored, upward looking ADCP, were deployed. The acoustics components consisted of three 400 Hz tomography transceivers, a 224 Hz source and two hydrophone arrays. To study the geoacoustic parameters in the bottom a number of SUS charges were also deployed. The field setup was approximately the same for both the summer 1996 and winter 1997 experiments; however the weather conditions and the thermal structure of the mixed layer were radically different. This report is dedicated to the data from the Winter 1997 Primer4 experiment.
  • Technical Report
    OBSANP data acquisition system : operator's manual and system overview
    (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2013-10) McPeak, Sean P. ; D'Spain, Gerald L. ; Stephen, Ralph A. ; von der Heydt, Keith ; Worcester, Peter F.
    On the Ocean Bottom Seismometer Augmentation in the North Pacific Experiment (OBSANP, June-July, 2013, R/V Melville), a VLA and twelve OBSs were deployed to listen to an active acoustic source, a J15-3. This report describes the hardware and software used to control and record the acoustic transmissions from the source. Some significant features of the system are: 1) The system transmits general user-defined source functions, such as M-sequences (.SIO files). 2) In addition to controlling the source waveform, the system also records six real-time channels in binary files with user-selectable lengths: the monitor hydrophone mounted near the source, the power amplifier voltage and current, the depth of the source, Vref signal driving the power amplifiers and an IRIG-B time reference. Files are output in .AUV format with a precision GPSbased time stamp in the file name. 3) The transmission start time along with ADC and DAC sample rates are disciplined to GPS time. 4) A convenient, Labview based, user interface provides real-time source control and monitoring. 5) The software provides parsing and logging of gyro and GPS NMEA sentences. The system, which was based on an earlier system from Scripps MPL, worked well on OBSANP and is available for future projects.
  • Technical Report
    Multiple convergence zone acoustic telemetry feasibility test report
    (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1991-11) Catipovic, Josko A. ; von der Heydt, Keith ; Merriam, John Stevens ; Sandsmark, Geir Helge
    This report describes a multiple CZ acoustic telemetry experiment conducted off the coast of California 1/28/90-2/2/90. The goal was to design a maximally robust high speed underwater modem suitable for data telemetry for submerged platforms and moorings. Six modulation methods were used to transmit data at rates from 1 to 1000 baud corresponding to bit rates up to 3kbit/sec. In addition, a large number of channel probe sequences was transmitted in order to estimate channel multipath, fluctuation dynamics and spatial diversity characteristics relevant to acoustic data telemetry. The data was transmitted from a 1 kHz source suspended from the R/V McGaw, and received on a multichannel vertical array tended by the RV Point Sur. The multichannel data was digitally recorded using floating-point digitizers and stored on optical disk for further processing. Approximate transmission ranges were 70, 140, 200 and 250km. Approximtely 8 hrs of transmission were recorded at each data range.