Recent Submissions

  • Elevation change of the Greenland Ice Sheet due to surface mass balance and firn processes, 1960–2014 

    Munneke, Peter Kuipers; Ligtenberg, Stefan R. M.; Noel, Brice P. Y.; Howat, Ian M.; Box, Jason E.; Mosley-Thompson, Ellen; McConnell, Joseph R.; Steffen, Konrad; Harper, Joel T.; Das, Sarah B.; van den Broeke, Michiel R. (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2015-11-02)
    Observed changes in the surface elevation of the Greenland Ice Sheet are caused by ice dynamics, basal elevation change, basal melt, surface mass balance (SMB) variability, and by compaction of the overlying firn. The last ...
  • A comparison of postrelease survival parameters between single and mass stranded delphinids from Cape Cod, Massachusetts, U.S.A. 

    Sharp, Sarah M.; Harry, Charles T.; Hoppe, Jane M.; Moore, Kathleen M. T.; Niemeyer, Misty E.; Robinson, Ian; Rose, Kathryn S.; Sharp, W. Brian; Landry, Scott; Richardson, Jessica; Moore, Michael J. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-07-29)
    The viability of healthy single stranded dolphins as immediate release candidates has received little attention. Responders have been reluctant to release lone delphinids due to their social needs, even when they pass the ...
  • Factors governing the deep ventilation of the Red Sea 

    Papadopoulos, Vassilis P.; Zhan, Peng; Sofianos, Sarantis S.; Raitsos, Dionysios E.; Qurban, Mohammed; Abualnaja, Yasser; Bower, Amy S.; Kontoyiannis, Harilaos; Pavlidou, Alexandra; Asharaf, T. T. Mohamed; Zarokanellos, Nikolaos; Hoteit, Ibrahim (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-11-19)
    A variety of data based on hydrographic measurements, satellite observations, reanalysis databases, and meteorological observations are used to explore the interannual variability and factors governing the deep water ...
  • UCTD and EM/APEX measurements in support of the April 2015 AirSWOT Campaign : cruise and data report 

    Farrar, J. Thomas; Hodges, Benjamin A.; Bigorre, Sebastien P.; Galbraith, Nancy R.; Girton, James B.; Chao, Yi (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2015-12)
    AirSWOT is an aircraft mounted instrument for measuring and imaging sea surface height (SSH), and it is similar to the SWOT (Surface Water Ocean Topography) instrument that will be deployed on a satellite in 2020. A field ...
  • Modeling comprehensive chemical composition of weathered oil following a marine spill to predict ozone and potential secondary aerosol formation and constrain transport pathways 

    Drozd, Greg T.; Worton, David R.; Aeppli, Christoph; Reddy, Christopher M.; Zhang, Haofei; Variano, Evan; Goldstein, Allen H. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-11-09)
    Releases of hydrocarbons from oil spills have large environmental impacts in both the ocean and atmosphere. Oil evaporation is not simply a mechanism of mass loss from the ocean, as it also causes production of atmospheric ...
  • Foehn winds link climate-driven warming to ice shelf evolution in Antarctica 

    Cape, Mattias R.; Vernet, Maria; Skvarca, Pedro; Marinsek, Sebastian; Scambos, Ted; Domack, Eugene (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-11-03)
    Rapid warming of the Antarctic Peninsula over the past several decades has led to extensive surface melting on its eastern side, and the disintegration of the Prince Gustav, Larsen A, and Larsen B ice shelves. The warming ...
  • The Northwest Tropical Atlantic Station (NTAS) : NTAS-14 mooring turnaround cruise report 

    Bigorre, Sebastien P.; Pietro, Ben; Smith, Jason C.; Morris, Ethan; Plueddemann, Albert J. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2015-12)
    The Northwest Tropical Atlantic Station (NTAS) was established to address the need for accurate air-sea flux estimates and upper ocean measurements in a region with strong sea surface temperature anomalies and the ...
  • Nitrogen cycling in the deep sedimentary biosphere : nitrate isotopes in porewaters underlying the oligotrophic North Atlantic 

    Wankel, Scott D.; Buchwald, Carolyn; Ziebis, Wiebke; Wenk, Christine B.; Lehmann, Moritz F. (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2015-12-21)
    Nitrogen (N) is a key component of fundamental biomolecules. Hence, its cycling and availability are central factors governing the extent of ecosystems across the Earth. In the organic-lean sediment porewaters underlying ...
  • Decrease in coccolithophore calcification and CO2 since the middle Miocene 

    Bolton, Clara T.; Hernandez-Sanchez, Maria T.; Fuertes, Miguel-Ángel; Gonzalez-Lemos, Saul; Abrevaya, Lorena; Mendez-Vicente, Ana; Flores, Jose-Abel; Probert, Ian; Giosan, Liviu; Johnson, Joel E.; Stoll, Heather M. (Nature Publishing Group, 2016-01-14)
    Marine algae are instrumental in carbon cycling and atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) regulation. One group, coccolithophores, uses carbon to photosynthesize and to calcify, covering their cells with chalk platelets ...
  • Multi-scale drought and ocean–atmosphere variability in monsoon Asia 

    Hernandez, Manuel; Ummenhofer, Caroline C.; Anchukaitis, Kevin J. (IOP Science, 2015-07-17)
    Spatially extensive and persistent drought episodes have repeatedly influenced human history, including the 'Strange Parallels' drought event in monsoon Asia during the mid-18th century. Here we explore the dynamics of ...
  • Behavioral responses of invertebrate larvae to water column cues 

    Wheeler, Jeanette D. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2016-02)
    Many benthic marine invertebrates have two-phase life histories, relying on planktonic larval stages for dispersal and exchange of individuals between adult populations. Historically, larvae were considered passive ...
  • Defining the ecological and physiological traits of phytoplankton across marine ecosystems 

    Alexander, Harriet (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2016-02)
    Marine phytoplankton are central players in the global carbon cycle, responsible for nearly half of global primary production. The identification of the factors controlling phytoplankton ecology, physiology, and, ultimately, ...
  • Hydrothermal exploration of mid-ocean ridges : where might the largest sulfide deposits be forming? 

    German, Christopher R.; Petersen, Sven; Hannington, Mark D. (2015-11)
    Here, we review the relationship between the distribution of modern-day seafloor hydrothermal activity along the global mid-ocean ridge crest and the nature of the mineral deposits being formed at those sites. Since the ...
  • Coral reef fish populations can persist without immigration 

    Salles, Océane C.; Maynard, Jeffrey A.; Joannides, Marc; Barbu, Corentin M.; Saenz-Agudelo, Pablo; Almany, Glenn R.; Berumen, Michael L.; Thorrold, Simon R.; Jones, Geoffrey P.; Planes, Serge (2015-10)
    Determining the conditions under which populations may persist requires accurate estimates of demographic parameters, including immigration, local reproductive success, and mortality rates. In marine populations, empirical ...
  • Daily cycle in oxygen consumption by the sea anemone Nematostella vectensis Stephenson 

    Maas, Amy E.; Jones, Ian T.; Reitzel, Adam M.; Tarrant, Ann M. (The Company of Biologists, 2016-01-15)
    In bilaterian animals, the circadian clock is intimately involved in regulating energetic metabolism. Although cnidarians exhibit diel behavioral rhythms including cycles in locomotor activity, tentacle extension and ...
  • Habitat usage by the cryptic copepods Pseudocalanus moultoni and P. newmani on Georges Bank (Northwest Atlantic) 

    Bucklin, Ann; McGillicuddy, Dennis J.; Wiebe, Peter H.; Davis, Cabell S. (2015-10-04)
    The cryptic copepod species, Pseudocalanus moultoni and P. newmani, co-occur on Georges Bank and in the Gulf of Maine (Northwest Atlantic); even recent studies have reported results and conclusions based on examination ...
  • The Trans-Atlantic Geotraverse hydrothermal field : a hydrothermal system on an active detachment fault 

    Humphris, Susan E.; Tivey, Margaret K.; Tivey, Maurice A. (2015-02)
    Over the last ten years, geophysical studies have revealed that the Trans-Atlantic Geotraverse (TAG) hydrothermal field (26°08’N on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge) is located on the hanging wall of an active detachment fault. ...
  • Plan-view evolution of wave-dominated deltas 

    Nienhuis, Jaap H. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2016-02)
    Ocean waves are a powerful sediment transport mechanism in the coastal zone. This thesis investigates how waves shape deltaic landforms and how small scale river mouth processes affect large-scale delta morphology. I ...
  • Late Quaternary climate variability and terrestrial carbon cycling in tropical South America 

    Fornace, Kyrstin L. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2016-02)
    Characterizing global and regional climate variability and climate-carbon cycle interactions in the past provides critical context for evaluating present and future climate trends. In this thesis, I use stable isotope ...
  • Cross-shelf exchange 

    Brink, Kenneth H. (2015-03-30)
    Cross-shelf exchange dominates the pathways and rates by which nutrients, biota and materials on the continental shelf are delivered and removed. These transports are limited by Earth’s rotation, which inhibits flow from ...

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