Recent Submissions

  • Optimizing resource use efficiencies in the food-energy-water nexus for sustainable agriculture : from conceptual model to decision support system 

    Tian, Hanqin; Lu, Chaoqun; Pan, Shufen; Yang, Jia; Miao, Ruiqing; Ren, Wen; Yu, Qiang; Fu, Bojie; Jin, Fei-Fei; Lu, Yonglong; Melillo, Jerry M.; Ouyang, Zhiyun; Palm, Cheryl A.; Reilly, John M. (2018-04)
    Increased natural and anthropogenic stresses have threatened the Earth’s ability to meet growing human demands of food, energy and water (FEW) in a sustainable way. Although much progress has been made in the provision of ...
  • Using maximum entropy production to describe microbial biogeochemistry over time and space in a meromictic pond 

    Vallino, Joseph J.; Huber, Julie A. (Frontiers Media, 2018-10-01)
    Determining how microbial communities organize and function at the ecosystem level is essential to understanding and predicting how they will respond to environmental change. Mathematical models can be used to describe ...
  • Sparsened neuronal activity in an optogenetically activated olfactory glomerulus 

    Braubach, Oliver R.; Tombaz, Tuce; Geiller, Tristan; Homma, Ryota; Bozza, Thomas; Cohen, Lawrence B.; Choi, Yunsook (Nature Publishing Group, 2018-10-08)
    Glomeruli are the functional units of olfactory information processing but little remains known about their individual unit function. This is due to their widespread activation by odor stimuli. We expressed channelrhodopsin-2 ...
  • Wheat rhizosphere harbors a less complex and more stable microbial co-occurrence pattern than bulk soil 

    Fan, Kunkun; Weisenhorn, Pamela B.; Gilbert, Jack A.; Chu, Haiyan (2018-07-25)
    The rhizosphere harbors complex microbial communities, whose dynamic associations are considered critical for plant growth and health but remain poorly understood. We constructed co-occurrence networks for archaeal, ...
  • Description and evaluation of the MIT Earth System Model (MESM) 

    Sokolov, Andrei P.; Kicklighter, David W.; Schlosser, C. Adam; Wang, Chien; Monier, Erwan; Brown-Steiner, Benjamin; Prinn, Ronald G.; Forest, Chris E.; Gao, Xiang; Libardoni, Alex; Eastham, Sebastian (John Wiley & Sons, 2018-08-15)
    The Massachusetts Institute of Technology Integrated Global System Model (IGSM) is designed for analyzing the global environmental changes that may result from anthropogenic causes, quantifying the uncertainties associated ...
  • Multisensory and motor representations in rat oral somatosensory cortex 

    Clemens, Ann M.; Fernandez Delgado, Yohami; Mehlman, Max L.; Mishra, Poonam; Brecht, Michael (Nature Publishing Group, 2018-09-10)
    In mammals, a complex array of oral sensors assess the taste, temperature and haptic properties of food. Although the representation of taste has been extensively studied in the gustatory cortex, it is unclear how the ...
  • Mapping birefringence in three dimensions using polarized light field microscopy : the case of the juvenile clamshell 

    Tran, Mai Thi; Oldenbourg, Rudolf (2018-05)
    We report methods to generate three dimensional maps of birefringence, its position and orientation in juvenile shells of the Atlantic hard clamshell (Mercenaria mercenaria). For measuring the retardance and optic axis ...
  • Axonal ensheathment in the nervous system of lamprey : implications for the evolution of myelinating glia 

    Weil, Marie-Theres; Heibeck, Saskia; Töpperwien, Mareike; tom Dieck, Susanne; Ruhwedel, Torben; Salditt, Tim; Rodicio, María Celina; Morgan, Jennifer R.; Nave, Klaus-Armin; Möbius, Wiebke; Werner, Hauke B. (Society for Neuroscience, 2018-07-18)
    In the nervous system, myelination of axons enables rapid impulse conduction and is a specialized function of glial cells. Myelinating glia are the last cell type to emerge in the evolution of vertebrate nervous systems, ...
  • Deep soils modify environmental consequences of increased nitrogen fertilizer use in intensifying Amazon agriculture 

    Jankowski, KathiJo; Neill, Christopher; Davidson, Eric A.; Macedo, Marcia N.; Costa, Ciniro; Galford, Gillian L.; Maracahipes Santos, Leonardo; LeFebvre, Paul; Nunes, Darlisson; Cerri, Carlos E. P.; McHorney, Richard; O’Connell, Christine; Coe, Michael T. (Nature Publishing Group, 2018-09-07)
    Agricultural intensification offers potential to grow more food while reducing the conversion of native ecosystems to croplands. However, intensification also risks environmental degradation through emissions of the ...
  • Molecular and functional identification of a novel photopigment in Pecten ciliary photoreceptors 

    Arenas, Oscar; Osorno, Tomás; Malagón, Gerardo; Pulido, Camila; Gomez, Maria del Pilar; Nasi, Enrico (Rockefeller University Press, 2018-01-26)
    The two basic animal photoreceptor types, ciliary and microvillar, use different light-transduction schemes: their photopigments couple to Gt versus Gq proteins, respectively, to either mobilize cyclic nucleotides or trigger ...
  • Using canopy greenness index to identify leaf ecophysiological traits during the foliar senescence in an oak forest 

    Liu, Zhunqiao; An, Shuqing; Lu, Xiaoliang; Hu, Haibo; Tang, Jianwu (Ecological Society of America, 2018-07-31)
    Camera‐based observation of forest canopies allows for low‐cost, continuous, high temporal‐spatial resolutions of plant phenology and seasonality of functional traits. In this study, we extracted canopy color index (green ...
  • Elesclomol restores mitochondrial function in genetic models of copper deficiency 

    Soma, Shivatheja; Latimer, Andrew J.; Chun, Haarin; Vicary, Alison C.; Timbalia, Shrishiv A.; Boulet, Aren; Rahn, Jennifer J.; Chan, Sherine S. L.; Leary, Scot C.; Kim, Byung-Eun; Gitlin, Jonathan D.; Gohil, Vishal M. (National Academy of Sciences, 2018-07-23)
    Copper is an essential cofactor of cytochrome c oxidase (CcO), the terminal enzyme of the mitochondrial respiratory chain. Inherited loss-of-function mutations in several genes encoding proteins required for copper delivery ...
  • A robust calibration method for continental-scale soil water content measurements 

    Roberti, Joshua A.; Ayres, Edward; Loescher, Henry W.; Tang, Jianwu; Starr, Gregory; Durden, David J.; Smith, Derek E.; de la Reguera, Elizabeth; Morkeski, Kate; McKlveen, Margot; Benstead, Heidi; SanClements, Michael D.; Lee, Robert H.; Gebremedhin, Gebremedhin; Zulueta, Rommel C. (American Society of Agronomy, 2018-05-24)
    Technological advances have allowed in situ monitoring of soil water content in an automated manner. These advances, along with an increase in large-scale networks monitoring soil water content, stress the need for a robust ...
  • BioTIME : a database of biodiversity time series for the Anthropocene 

    Dornelas, Maria; Antao, Laura H.; Moyes, Faye; Bates, Amanda E.; Magurran, Anne E.; Adam, Dusan; Akhmetzhanova, Asem A.; Appeltans, Ward; Arcos, Jose Manuel; Arnold, Haley; Ayyappan, Narayanan; Badihi, Gal; Baird, Andrew H.; Barbosa, Miguel; Barreto, Tiago Egydio; Bässler, Claus; Bellgrove, Alecia; Belmaker, Jonathan; Benedetti-Cecchi, Lisandro; Bett, Brian J.; Bjorkman, Anne D.; Błazewicz, Magdalena; Blowes, Shane A.; Bloch, Christopher P.; Bonebrake, Timothy C.; Boyd, Susan; Bradford, Matt; Brooks, Andrew J.; Brown, James H.; Bruelheide, Helge; Budy, Phaedra; Carvalho, Fernando; Castaneda-Moya, Edward; Chen, Chaolun Allen; Chamblee, John F.; Chase, Tory J.; Collier, Laura Siegwart; Collinge, Sharon K.; Condit, Richard; Cooper, Elisabeth J.; Cornelissen, Johannes H. C.; Cotano, Unai; Crow, Shannan Kyle; Damasceno, Gabriella; Davies, Claire H.; Davis, Robert A.; Day, Frank P.; Degraer, Steven; Doherty, Tim S.; Dunn, Timothy E.; Durigan, Giselda; Duffy, J. Emmett; Edelist, Dor; Edgar, Graham J.; Elahi, Robin; Elmendorf, Sarah C.; Enemar, Anders; Ernest, S. K. Morgan; Escribano, Ruben; Estiarte, Marc; Evans, Brian S.; Fan, Tung-Yung; Farah, Fabiano Turini; Fernandes, Luiz Loureiro; Farneda, Fabio Z.; Fidelis, Alessandra; Fitt, Robert; Fosaa, Anna Maria; Franco, Geraldo Antonio Daher Correa; Frank, Grace E.; Fraser, William R.; García, Hernando; Gatti, Roberto Cazzolla; Givan, Or; Gorgone-Barbosa, Elizabeth; Gould, William A.; Gries, Corinna; Grossman, Gary D.; Gutierrez, Julio R.; Hale, Stephen; Harmon, Mark E.; Harte, John; Haskins, Gary; Henshaw, Donald L.; Hermanutz, Luise; Hidalgo, Pamela; Higuchi, Pedro; Hoey, Andrew S.; Hoey, Gert Van; Hofgaard, Annika; Holeck, Kristen; Hollister, Robert D.; Holmes, Richard; Hoogenboom, Mia; Hsieh, Chih-hao; Hubbell, Stephen P.; Huettmann, Falk; Huffard, Christine L.; Hurlbert, Allen H.; Ivanauskas, Natalia Macedo; Janík, David; Jandt, Ute; Jazdzewska, Anna; Johannessen, Tore; Johnstone, Jill F.; Jones, Julia; Jones, Faith A. M.; Kang, Jungwon; Kartawijaya, Tasrif; Keeley, Erin C.; Kelt, Douglas A.; Kinnear, Rebecca; Klanderud, Kari; Knutsen, Halvor; Koenig, Christopher C.; Kortz, Alessandra R.; Kral, Kamil; Kuhnz, Linda A.; Kuo, Chao-Yang; Kushner, David J.; Laguionie-Marchais, Claire; Lancaster, Lesley T.; Lee, Cheol Min; Lefcheck, Jonathan S.; Levesque, Esther; Lightfoot, David; Lloret, Francisco; Lloyd, John D.; Lopez-Baucells, Adria; Louzao, Maite; Madin, Joshua S.; Magnusson, Borgbor; Malamud, Shahar; Matthews, Iain; McFarland, Kent P.; McGill, Brian; McKnight, Diane; McLarney, William O.; Meador, Jason; Meserve, Peter L.; Metcalfe, Daniel J.; Meyer, Christoph F. J.; Michelsen, Anders; Milchakova, Nataliya; Moens, Tom; Moland, Even; Moore, Jon; Moreira, Carolina Mathias; Muller, Jorg; Murphy, Grace; Myers-Smith, Isla H.; Myster, Randall W.; Naumov, Andrew; Neat, Francis; Nelson, James A.; Nelson, Michael Paul; Newton, Stephen F.; Norden, Natalia; Oliver, Jeffrey C.; Olsen, Esben M.; Onipchenko, Vladimir G.; Pabis, Krzysztof; Pabst, Robert J.; Paquette, Alain; Pardede, Sinta; Paterson, David M.; Pelissier, Raphael; Penuelas, Josep; Perez-Matus, Alejandro; Pizarro, Oscar; Pomati, Francesco; Post, Eric; Prins, Herbert H. T.; Priscu, John C.; Provoost, Pieter; Prudic, Kathleen L.; Pulliainen, Erkki; Ramesh, B. B.; Ramos, Olivia Mendivil; Rassweiler, Andrew; Rebelo, Jose Eduardo; Reed, Daniel C.; Reich, Peter B.; Remillard, Suzanne M.; Richardson, Anthony J.; Richardson, J. Paul; Rijn, Itai van; Rocha, Ricardo; Rivera-Monroy, Victor H.; Rixen, Christian; Robinson, Kevin P.; Rodrigues, Ricardo Ribeiro; Rossa-Feres, Denise de Cerqueira; Rudstam, Lars; Ruhl, Henry A.; Ruz, Catalina S.; Sampaio, Erica M.; Rybicki, Nancy; Rypel, Andrew; Sal, Sofia; Salgado, Beatriz; Santos, Flavio A. M.; Savassi-Coutinho, Ana Paula; Scanga, Sara; Schmidt, Jochen; Schooley, Robert; Setiawan, Fakhrizal; Shao, Kwang-Tsao; Shaver, Gaius R.; Sherman, Sally; Sherry, Thomas W.; Sicinski, Jacek; Sievers, Caya; da Silva, Ana Carolina; da Silva, Fernando Rodrigues; Silveira, Fabio L.; Slingsby, Jasper; Smart, Tracey; Snell, Sara J.; Soudzilovskaia, Nadejda A.; Souza, Gabriel B. G.; Souza, Flaviana Maluf; Souza, Vinícius Castro; Stallings, Christopher D.; Stanforth, Rowan; Stanley, Emily H.; Sterza, Jose Mauro; Stevens, Maarten; Stuart-Smith, Rick; Suarez, Yzel Rondon; Supp, Sarah; Tamashiro, Jorge Yoshio; Tarigan, Sukmaraharja; Thiede, Gary P.; Thorn, Simon; Tolvanen, Anne; Toniato, Maria Teresa Zugliani; Totland, Orjan; Twilley, Robert R.; Vaitkus, Gediminas; Valdivia, Nelson; Vallejo, Martha Isabel; Valone, Thomas J.; Van Colen, Carl; Vanaverbeke, Jan; Venturoli, Fabio; Verheye, Hans M.; Vianna, Marcelo; Vieira, Rui P.; Vrska, Tomas; Vu, Con Quang; Vu, Lien Van; Waide, Robert B.; Waldock, Conor; Watts, David; Webb, Sara; Wesołowski, Tomasz; White, Ethan P.; Widdicombe, Claire E.; Wilgers, Wilgers; Williams, Richard; Williams, Stefan B.; Williamson, Mark; Willig, Michael R.; Willis, Trevor J.; Wipf, Sonja; Woods, Kerry D.; Woehler, Eric; Zawada, Kyle; Zettler, Michael L. (John Wiley & Sons, 2018-07-24)
    The BioTIME database contains raw data on species identities and abundances in ecological assemblages through time. These data enable users to calculate temporal trends in biodiversity within and amongst assemblages using ...
  • Neural control of dynamic 3-dimensional skin papillae for cuttlefish camouflage 

    Gonzalez-Bellido, Paloma T.; Scaros, Alexia T.; Hanlon, Roger T.; Wardill, Trevor J. (Cell Press, 2018-04-04)
    The color and pattern changing abilities of octopus, squid, and cuttlefish via chromatophore neuro-muscular organs are unparalleled. Cuttlefish and octopuses also have a unique muscular hydrostat system in their skin. When ...
  • Comparison of phenology estimated from reflectance-based indices and solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF) observations in a temperate forest using GPP-based phenology as the standard 

    Lu, Xiaoliang; Liu, Zhunqiao; Zhou, Yuyu; Liu, Yaling; An, Shuqing; Tang, Jianwu (MDPI AG, 2018-06-13)
    We assessed the performance of reflectance-based vegetation indices and solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF) datasets with various spatial and temporal resolutions in monitoring the Gross Primary Production (GPP)-based ...
  • Transient coastal landscapes : rising sea level threatens salt marshes 

    Valiela, Ivan; Lloret, Javier; Bowyer, Tynan; Miner, Simon; Remsen, David P.; Elmstrom, Elizabeth; Cogswell, Charlotte; Thieler, E. Robert (2018-05)
    Salt marshes are important coastal environments that provide key ecological services. As sea level rise has accelerated globally, concerns about the ability of salt marshes to survive submergence are increasing. Previous ...
  • The solute carrier SLC9C1 is a Na+/H+-exchanger gated by an S4-type voltage-sensor and cyclic-nucleotide binding 

    Windler, Florian; Bönigk, Wolfgang; Körschen, Heinz Gerd; Grahn, Elena; Strünker, Timo; Seifert, Reinhard; Kaupp, U. Benjamin (Nature Publishing Group, 2018-07-18)
    Voltage-sensing (VSD) and cyclic nucleotide-binding domains (CNBD) gate ion channels for rapid electrical signaling. By contrast, solute carriers (SLCs) that passively redistribute substrates are gated by their substrates ...
  • Systems Biology of the human microbiome 

    Peñalver Bernabé, Beatriz; Cralle, Lauren; Gilbert, Jack A. (2017-09)
    Recent research has shown that the microbiome—a collection of microorganisms, including bacteria, fungi, and viruses, living on and in a host—are of extraordinary importance in human health, even from conception and ...
  • Short term changes in moisture content drive strong changes in Normalized Difference Vegetation Index and gross primary productivity in four Arctic moss communities 

    May, Jeremy L.; Parker, Thomas C.; Unger, Steven; Oberbauer, Steven F. (2018-04)
    Climate change is currently altering temperature and precipitation totals and timing in Arctic regions. Moss communities constitute much of the understory in Arctic vegetation, and as poikilohydric plants moss are highly ...

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