Recent Submissions

  • Atmospheric and oceanographic forcing impact particle flux composition and carbon sequestration in the eastern Mediterranean Sea: a three-year time-series study in the deep Ierapetra Basin 

    Pedrosa-Pamies, Rut; Parinos, Constantine; Sanchez-Vidal, Anna; Calafat, Antoni; Canals, Miquel; Velaoras, Dimitris; Mihalopoulos, Nikolaos; Kanakidou, Maria; Lampadariou, Nikolaos; Gogou, Alexandra (Frontiers Media, 2021-02-25)
    Sinking particles are a critical conduit for the export of organic material from surface waters to the deep ocean. Despite their importance in oceanic carbon cycling, little is known about the biotic composition and seasonal ...
  • Tau: a signaling hub protein 

    Mueller, Rebecca L.; Combs, Benjamin; Alhadidy, Mohammed M.; Brady, Scott T.; Morfini, Gerardo A.; Kanaan, Nicholas M. (Frontiers Media, 2021-03-19)
    Over four decades ago, in vitro experiments showed that tau protein interacts with and stabilizes microtubules in a phosphorylation-dependent manner. This observation fueled the widespread hypotheses that these properties ...
  • Effects of excess brain-derived human alpha-synuclein on synaptic vesicle trafficking 

    Román-Vendrell, Cristina; Medeiros, Audrey T.; Sanderson, John B.; Jiang, Haiyang; Bartels, Tim; Morgan, Jennifer R. (Frontiers Media, 2021-02-04)
    α-Synuclein is a presynaptic protein that regulates synaptic vesicle trafficking under physiological conditions. However, in several neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson’s disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, and ...
  • Neuromechanical wave resonance in jellyfish swimming 

    Hoover, Alexander P.; Xu, Nicole W.; Gemmell, Brad J.; Colin, Sean P.; Costello, John H.; Dabiri, John O.; Miller, Laura A. (National Academy of Sciences, 2021-03-16)
    For organisms to have robust locomotion, their neuromuscular organization must adapt to constantly changing environments. In jellyfish, swimming robustness emerges when marginal pacemakers fire action potentials throughout ...
  • HP1 proteins compact DNA into mechanically and positionally stable phase separated domains 

    Keenen, Madeline M.; Brown, David; Brennan, Lucy D.; Renger, Roman; Khoo, Harrison; Carlson, Christopher R.; Huang, Bo; Grill, Stephan W.; Narlikar, Geeta J.; Redding, Sy (eLife Sciences Publications, 2021-03-04)
    In mammals, HP1-mediated heterochromatin forms positionally and mechanically stable genomic domains even though the component HP1 paralogs, HP1α, HP1β, and HP1γ, display rapid on-off dynamics. Here, we investigate whether ...
  • New species can broaden myelin research: suitability of little skate, Leucoraja erinacea 

    Möbius, Wiebke; Hümmert, Sophie; Ruhwedel, Torben; Kuzirian, Alan M.; Gould, Robert M. (MDPI, 2021-02-11)
    Although myelinated nervous systems are shared among 60,000 jawed vertebrates, studies aimed at understanding myelination have focused more and more on mice and zebrafish. To obtain a broader understanding of the myelination ...
  • Small-molecule mimicry hunting strategy in the imperial cone snail, Conus imperialis 

    Torres, Joshua P.; Lin, Zhenjian; Watkins, Maren; Salcedo, Paula Flórez; Baskin, Robert P.; Elhabian, Shireen; Safavi-Hemami, Helena; Taylor, Dylan; Tun, Jortan; Concepcion, Gisela P.; Saguil, Noel; Yanagihara, Angel A.; Fang, Yixin; McArthur, Jeffrey R.; Tae, Han-Shen; Finol-Urdaneta, Rocio K.; Ozpolat, B. Duygu; Olivera, Baldomero M.; Schmidt, Eric W. (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2021-03-12)
    Venomous animals hunt using bioactive peptides, but relatively little is known about venom small molecules and the resulting complex hunting behaviors. Here, we explored the specialized metabolites from the venom of the ...
  • Identifying and assessing effectiveness of alternative low-effort nitrogen footprint reductions in small research institutions 

    Messenger, Sarah; Lloret, Javier; Galloway, James; Giblin, Anne E. (IOP Publishing, 2021-02-25)
    Concern over the ecological damage of excess nitrogen has brought increased attention to the role of research institutions and universities in contributing to this problem. Institutions often utilize the concept of the ...
  • Microbial communities under distinct thermal and geochemical regimes in axial and off-axis sediments of Guaymas Basin 

    Teske, Andreas P.; Wegener, Gunter; Chanton, Jeffrey P.; White, Dylan; MacGregor, Barbara J.; Hoer, Daniel; de Beer, Dirk; Zhuang, Guangchao; Saxton, Matthew A.; Joye, Samantha B.; Lizarralde, Daniel; Soule, S. Adam; Ruff, S. Emil (Frontiers Media, 2021-02-12)
    Cold seeps and hydrothermal vents are seafloor habitats fueled by subsurface energy sources. Both habitat types coexist in Guaymas Basin in the Gulf of California, providing an opportunity to compare microbial communities ...
  • Multiple behavior-specific cancellation signals contribute to suppressing predictable sensory reafference in a cerebellum-like structure 

    Lai, Nicole Y.; Bell, Jordan M.; Bodznick, David (The Company of Biologists, 2021-04-15)
    Movement induces sensory stimulation of an animal's own sensory receptors, termed reafference. With a few exceptions, notably vestibular and proprioception, this reafference is unwanted sensory noise and must be selectively ...
  • Water quality measurements in Buzzards Bay by the Buzzards Bay Coalition Baywatchers Program from 1992 to 2018 

    Jakuba, Rachel W.; Williams, Tony; Neill, Christopher; Costa, Joseph E.; McHorney, Richard; Scott, Lindsay; Howes, Brian L.; Ducklow, Hugh W.; Erickson, Matthew; Rasmussen, Mark (Nature Research, 2021-03-05)
    The Buzzards Bay Coalition’s Baywatchers Monitoring Program (Baywatchers) collected summertime water quality information at more than 150 stations around Buzzards Bay, Massachusetts from 1992 to 2018. Baywatchers documents ...
  • Role of external inputs of nutrients to aquatic ecosystems in determining prevalence of nitrogen vs. phosphorus limitation of net primary productivity 

    Howarth, Robert W.; Chan, Francis; Swaney, Dennis P.; Marino, Roxanne; Hayn, Melanie (Springer, 2021-02-17)
    Whether net primary productivity in an aquatic ecosystem is limited by nitrogen (N), limited by phosphorus (P), or co-limited by N & P is determined by the relative supply of N and P to phytoplankton compared to their ...
  • Defined tau phosphospecies differentially inhibit fast axonal transport through activation of two independent signaling pathways 

    Morris, Sarah L.; Tsai, Ming-Ying; Aloe, Sarah; Bechberger, Karin; König, Svenja; Morfini, Gerardo A.; Brady, Scott T. (Frontiers Media, 2021-01-25)
    Tau protein is subject to phosphorylation by multiple kinases at more than 80 different sites. Some of these sites are associated with tau pathology and neurodegeneration, but other sites are modified in normal tau as well ...
  • Herbivore absence can shift dry heath tundra from carbon source to sink during peak growing season 

    Min, Elizabeth; Wilcots, Megan E.; Naeem, Shahid; Gough, Laura; McLaren, Jennie; Rowe, Rebecca J.; Rastetter, Edward B.; Boelman, Natalie; Griffin, Kevin L. (IOP Publishing, 2021-02-01)
    In arctic tundra, large and small mammalian herbivores have substantial impacts on the vegetation community and consequently can affect the magnitude of carbon cycling. However, herbivores are often absent from modern ...
  • Seafloor incubation experiment with deep-sea hydrothermal vent fluid reveals effect of pressure and lag time on autotrophic microbial communities 

    Fortunato, Caroline S.; Butterfield, David A.; Larson, Benjamin I.; Lawrence-Slavas, Noah; Algar, Christopher K.; Zeigler Allen, Lisa; Holden, James F.; Proskurowski, Giora; Reddington, Emily; Stewart, Lucy C.; Topçuoğlu, Begüm D; Vallino, Joseph J.; Huber, Julie A. (American Society for Microbiology, 2021-04-13)
    Depressurization and sample processing delays may impact the outcome of shipboard microbial incubations of samples collected from the deep sea. To address this knowledge gap, we developed a remotely operated vehicle ...
  • Stochastic dispersal rather than deterministic selection explains the spatio-temporal distribution of soil bacteria in a temperate grassland 

    Richter-Heitmann, Tim; Hofner, Benjamin; Krah, Franz-Sebastia; Sikorski, Johannes; Wüst, Pia K.; Bunk, Boyke; Huang, Sixing; Regan, Kathleen M.; Berner, Doreen; Boeddinghaus, Runa S.; Marhan, Sven; Prati, Daniel; Kandeler, Ellen; Overmann, Jorg; Friedrich, Michael W. (Frontiers Media, 2020-06-30)
    Spatial and temporal processes shaping microbial communities are inseparably linked but rarely studied together. By Illumina 16S rRNA sequencing, we monitored soil bacteria in 360 stations on a 100 square meter plot ...
  • Dynamic organization of cortical actin filaments during the ooplasmic segregation of ascidian Ciona eggs 

    Ishii, Hirokazu; Tani, Tomomi (American Society for Cell Biology, 2021-01-28)
    Spatial reorganization of cytoplasm in zygotic cells is critically important for establishing the body plans of many animal species. In ascidian zygotes, maternal determinants (mRNAs) are first transported to the vegetal ...
  • Co-movement of astral microtubules, organelles and F-actin by dynein and actomyosin forces in frog egg cytoplasm 

    Pelletier, James F.; Field, Christine M.; Fürthauer, Sebastian; Sonnett, Matthew; Mitchison, Timothy J. (eLife Sciences Publications, 2020-12-07)
    How bulk cytoplasm generates forces to separate post-anaphase microtubule (MT) asters in Xenopus laevis and other large eggs remains unclear. Previous models proposed that dynein-based, inward organelle transport generates ...
  • Shallow soils are warmer under trees and tall shrubs across arctic and boreal ecosystems 

    Kropp, Heather; Loranty, Michael M.; Natali, Susan M.; Kholodov, Alexander L.; Rocha, Adrian V.; Myers-Smith, Isla H.; Abbott, Benjamin W.; Abermann, Jakob; Blanc-Betes, Elena; Blok, Daan; Blume-Werry, Gesche; Boike, Julia; Breen, Amy L.; Cahoon, Sean M. P.; Christiansen, Casper T.; Douglas, Thomas A.; Epstein, Howard E.; Frost, Gerald V.; Goeckede, Mathias; Høye, Toke T.; Mamet, Steven D.; O’Donnell, Jonathan A.; Olefeldt, David; Phoenix, Gareth K.; Salmon, Verity G.; Sannel, A. Britta K.; Smith, Sharon L.; Sonnentag, Oliver; Smith Vaughn, Lydia; Williams, Mathew; Elberling, Bo; Gough, Laura; Hjort, Jan; Lafleur, Peter M.; Euskirchen, Eugenie; Heijmans, Monique M. P. D.; Humphreys, Elyn; Iwata, Hiroki; Jones, Benjamin M.; Jorgenson, M. Torre; Grünberg, Inge; Kim, Yongwon; Laundre, James A.; Mauritz, Marguerite; Michelsen, Anders; Schaepman-Strub, Gabriela; Tape, Ken D.; Ueyama, Masahito; Lee, Bang-Yong; Langley, Kirsty; Lund, Magnus (IOP Publishing, 2020-12-18)
    Soils are warming as air temperatures rise across the Arctic and Boreal region concurrent with the expansion of tall-statured shrubs and trees in the tundra. Changes in vegetation structure and function are expected to ...
  • Affinity purification of label-free tubulins from xenopus egg extracts 

    Reusch, Sebastian; Biswas, Abin; Hirst, William G.; Reber, Simone (Cell Press, 2020-12-18)
    Cytoplasmic extracts from unfertilized Xenopus eggs have made important contributions to our understanding of microtubule dynamics, spindle assembly, and scaling. Until recently, these in vitro studies relied on the use ...

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