Recent Submissions

  • A scalable culturing system for the marine annelid Platynereis dumerilii 

    Kuehn, Emily; Stockinger, Alexander W.; Girard, Jerome; Raible, Florian; Ozpolat, B. Duygu (Public Library of Science, 2019-12-05)
    Platynereis dumerilii is a marine segmented worm (annelid) with externally fertilized embryos and it can be cultured for the full life cycle in the laboratory. The accessibility of embryos and larvae combined with the ...
  • Molecular profiling of single neurons of known identity in two ganglia from the crab Cancer borealis 

    Northcutt, Adam J.; Kick, Daniel R.; Otopalik, Adriane G; Goetz, Benjamin M.; Harris, Rayna M.; Santin, Joseph M.; Hofmann, Hans A.; Marder, Eve; Schulz, David J. (National Academy of Sciences, 2019-12-05)
    Understanding circuit organization depends on identification of cell types. Recent advances in transcriptional profiling methods have enabled classification of cell types by their gene expression. While exceptionally ...
  • Tidal wetland resilience to sea level rise increases their carbon sequestration capacity in United States 

    Wang, Faming; Lu, Xiaoliang; Sanders, Christian J.; Tang, Jianwu (Nature Research, 2019-11-28)
    Coastal wetlands are large reservoirs of soil carbon (C). However, the annual C accumulation rates contributing to the C storage in these systems have yet to be spatially estimated on a large scale. We synthesized C ...
  • Seasons of Syn 

    Hunter-Cevera, Kristen R.; Neubert, Michael G.; Olson, Robert J.; Shalapyonok, Alexi; Solow, Andrew R.; Sosik, Heidi M. (Wiley, 2019-11-19)
    Synechococcus is a widespread and important marine primary producer. Time series provide critical information for identifying and understanding the factors that determine abundance patterns. Here, we present the results ...
  • Plant uptake offsets silica release from a large arctic tundra wildfire 

    Carey, Joanna C.; Abbott, Benjamin W.; Rocha, Adrian V. (American Geophysical Union, 2019-07-24)
    Rapid climate change at high latitudes is projected to increase wildfire extent in tundra ecosystems by up to fivefold by the end of the century. Tundra wildfire could alter terrestrial silica (SiO2) cycling by restructuring ...
  • Male alternative reproductive tactics and associated evolution of anatomical characteristics in loliginid squid 

    Marian, José E. A. R.; Apostólico, Lígia H.; Chiao, Chuan-Chin; Hanlon, Roger T.; Hirohashi, Noritaka; Iwata, Yoko; Mather, Jennifer; Sato, Noriyosi; Shaw, Paul W. (Frontiers Media, 2019-10-15)
    Loliginid squids provide a unique model system to explore male alternative reproductive tactics (ARTs) and their linkage to size, behavioral decision making, and possibly age. Large individuals fight one another and the ...
  • Thrust generation during steady swimming and acceleration from rest in anguilliform swimmers 

    Du Clos, Kevin; Dabiri, John O.; Costello, John H.; Colin, Sean P.; Morgan, Jennifer R.; Fogerson, Stephanie M.; Gemmell, Brad J. (Company of Biologists, 2019-11-18)
    Escape swimming is a crucial behavior by which undulatory swimmers evade potential threats. The hydrodynamics of escape swimming have not been well studied, particularly for anguilliform swimmers, such as the sea lamprey ...
  • An electrophysiological investigation of power-amplification in the ballistic mantis shrimp punch 

    Pollak, Daniel J.; Feller, Kathryn D.; Serbe, Étienne; Mircic, Stanislav; Gage, Gregory J. (Faculty of Undergraduate Neuroscience, 2019-03)
    Mantis shrimp are aggressive, burrowing crustaceans that hunt using one the fastest movements in the natural world. These stomatopods can crack the calcified shells of prey or spear down unsuspecting fish with lighting ...
  • Coupled genomic evolutionary histories as signatures of organismal innovations in cephalopods: co-evolutionary signatures across levels of genome organization may shed light on functional linkage and origin of cephalopod novelties 

    Ritschard, Elena A.; Whitelaw, Brooke; Albertin, Caroline B.; Cooke, Ira R.; Strugnell, Jan M.; Simakov, Oleg (Wiley, 2019-10-30)
    How genomic innovation translates into organismal organization remains largely unanswered. Possessing the largest invertebrate nervous system, in conjunction with many species‐specific organs, coleoid cephalopods (octopuses, ...
  • Variation in genome content and predatory phenotypes between Bdellovibrio sp. NC01 isolated from soil and B. bacteriovorus type strain HD100 

    Williams, Laura E.; Cullen, Nicole; DeGiorgis, Joseph A.; Martinez, Karla J.; Mellone, Justina; Oser, Molly; Wang, Jing; Zhang, Ying (Microbiology Society, 2019-12-01)
    Defining phenotypic and associated genotypic variation among Bdellovibrio may further our understanding of how this genus attacks and kills different Gram-negative bacteria. We isolated Bdellovibrio sp. NC01 from soil. ...
  • Extraocular, rod-like photoreceptors in a flatworm express xenopsin photopigment 

    Rawlinson, Kate A.; Lapraz, Francois; Ballister, Edward R.; Terasaki, Mark; Rodgers, Jessica; McDowell, Richard J.; Girstmair, Johannes; Criswell, Katharine E.; Boldogkoi, Miklos; Simpson, Fraser; Goulding, David; Cormie, Claire; Hall, Brian K.; Lucas, Robert J.; Telford, Maximilian J. (eLife Sciences Publications, 2019-10-22)
    Animals detect light using opsin photopigments. Xenopsin, a recently classified subtype of opsin, challenges our views on opsin and photoreceptor evolution. Originally thought to belong to the Gαi-coupled ciliary opsins, ...
  • The synaptic vesicle cycle revisited: New insights into the modes and mechanisms 

    Chanaday, Natali L.; Cousin, Michael A.; Milosevic, Ira; Watanabe, Shigeki; Morgan, Jennifer R. (Society for Neuroscience, 2019-10-16)
    Neurotransmission is sustained by endocytosis and refilling of synaptic vesicles (SVs) locally within the presynapse. Until recently, a consensus formed that after exocytosis, SVs are recovered by either fusion pore closure ...
  • Interaction between pollution and climate change augments ecological risk to a coastal ecosystem 

    Lu, Yonglong; Wang, Ruoshi; Shi, Yajuan; Su, Chao; Yuan, Jingjing; Johnson, Andrew C.; Jenkins, Alan; Ferrier, Robert C.; Chen, Deliang; Tian, Hanqin; Melillo, Jerry M.; Song, Shuai; Ellison, Aaron M. (Taylor & Francis, 2018-07-31)
    Pollution and climate change are among the most challenging issues for countries with developing economies, but we know little about the ecological risks that result when these pressures occur together. We explored direct ...
  • Venomic, transcriptomic, and bioactivity analyses of Pamphobeteus verdolaga venom reveal complex disulfide-rich peptides that modulate calcium channels 

    Estrada-Gomez, Sebastian; Caldas Cardoso, Fernanda; Vargas-Muñoz, Leidy Johana; Quintana-Castillo, Juan Carlos; Arenas Gómez, Claudia Marcela; Pineda, Sandy Steffany; Saldarriaga-Cordoba, Monica Maria (MDPI, 2019-08-27)
    Pamphobeteus verdolaga is a recently described Theraphosidae spider from the Andean region of Colombia. Previous reports partially characterized its venom profile. In this study, we conducted a detailed analysis that ...
  • A quantitative screen for metabolic enzyme structures reveals patterns of assembly across the yeast metabolic network 

    Noree, Chalongrat; Begovich, Kyle; Samilo, Dane; Broyer, Risa; Monfort, Elena; Wilhelm, James E. (American Society for Cell Biology, 2019-09-30)
    Despite the proliferation of proteins that can form filaments or phase-separated condensates, it remains unclear how this behavior is distributed over biological networks. We have found that 60 of the 440 yeast metabolic ...
  • Hurricanes enhance labile carbon export to the deep ocean 

    Pedrosa-Pamies, Rut; Conte, Maureen H.; Weber, John C.; Johnson, Rodney (American Geophysical Union, 2019-08-16)
    Tropical cyclones (hurricanes) generate intense surface ocean cooling and vertical mixing resulting in nutrient upwelling into the photic zone and episodic phytoplankton blooms. However, their influence on the deep ocean ...
  • Soil warming accelerates biogeochemical silica cycling in a temperate forest. 

    Gewirtzman, Jonathan; Tang, Jianwu; Melillo, Jerry M.; Werner, William J.; Kurtz, Andrew C.; Fulweiler, Robinson W.; Carey, Joanna C. (Frontiers Media, 2019-09-11)
    Biological cycling of silica plays an important role in terrestrial primary production. Soil warming stemming from climate change can alter the cycling of elements, such as carbon and nitrogen, in forested ecosystems. ...
  • Hypoxia has a lasting effect on fast-startle behavior of the tropical fish Haemulon plumieri 

    Sánchez-García, Mayra A.; Zottoli, Steven J.; Roberson, Loretta M. (University of Chicago Press, 2019-07-16)
    Anthropogenic activities and climate change have resulted in an increase of hypoxic conditions in nearshore ecosystems worldwide. Depending on the persistence of a hypoxic event, the survival of aquatic animals can be ...
  • Computational history of knowledge: Challenges and opportunities 

    Laubichler, Manfred D.; Maienschein, Jane; Renn, Jurgen (University of Chicago Press, 2019-09)
    So far, the twenty-first century has been defined by an ever-increasing availability of digital data and substantial advances in computational methods. Taken together, these developments have already affected all aspects ...
  • Introduction 

    Gibson, Abraham; Laubichler, Manfred D.; Maienschein, Jane (University of Chicago Press, 2019-09)
    Digital technologies have transformed both the historical record and the historical profession. This Focus section examines how computational methods have influenced, and will influence, the history of science. The essays ...

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