The 17-meter flume at the Coastal Research Laboratory. Part II, Flow characteristics : technical report

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Trowbridge, John H.
Geyer, W. Rockwell
Butman, Cheryl Ann
Chapman, Robert J.
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Hydraulic models
This report summarizes the characteristics of the idealized one-dimensional turbulent channel flow for which the 17-Meter Flume was designed, and describes a measurement program designed to determine whether the flume can in fact produce such a flow. The measured quantities include mean velocities, Reynolds stresses, turbulence intensities and velocity spectra. Measured profiles of mean velocity, Reynolds stress and turbulence intensity are consistent with previous theoretical and empirical results. Measured spectra, although consistent with expectations over a wide range of frequencies, indicate a few unexpected features, including a constant spectral density at high frequencies (possibly due to aliasing or high-frequency noise) , motion at a few well-defined high frequencies of order 10 hz (possibly due to structual vibrations), oscillations with time scales of order 30 s (possibly due to low-mode standing surface waves) and irregular motions with time scales of several minutes (possibly due to fluctuations in pump performance) . The unexpected features indicated by the spectra at high and low frequencies do not have a significant effect on mean velocities and low-order statistics, but they may be important in some applications.
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Trowbridge, J. H., Geyer, W. R., Butman, C. A., & Chapman, R. J. (1989). The 17-meter flume at the Coastal Research Laboratory. Part II, Flow characteristics: technical report. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
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