Acoustic backscatter from sites in McMurdo Sound from 2014-2015 (McMurdo Predator Prey project)
Daly, Kendra L.
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LocationMcMurdo Sound, Antarctica
westlimit: 165.061085; southlimit: -77.7031864; eastlimit: 166.334829; northlimit: -77.5508
Acoustic echosounder data were collected as part of an ecosystem study in McMurdo Sound, which is located at the southern extent of the Ross Sea in the Southern Ocean. The major goal of this multi-disciplinary project was to assess the influence of top−down forcing (predation) on pelagic zooplankton and fish. Stations were located along the fast ice edge, and along three transects into the fast ice along the eastern side of McMurdo Sound (Ross Island), in the middle of the Sound, and on the western side of the Sound. Krill and fish were sampled between 17 November 2014 – 1 January 2015, both acoustically and visually beneath the fast ice using the tethered SCINI ROV, which was deployed and operated through a 25 cm diameter hole drilled through the sea ice. SCINI contained cameras and thrusters, and towed a sensor package consisting of a WET Labs fluorometer (ECO-AFL/FL) and a single-beam Biosonics 120 kHz DT-X echosounder. Raw acoustic data were analyzed using Echoview software (version 5.3). All acoustic aggregations greater than 4 pings in width were manually delineated, and acoustic energy of the aggregations was integrated into bins of six seconds wide by 1 m in depth. These aggregations were classified as potentially krill or silverfish, based upon ROV visual identification of the targets or, where no visual targets were encountered, by comparing the aggregation target strength, shape, density, and texture and depth to a set of aggregations with positive visual classification. Visual targets were identified to the lowest taxon possible; these observations were used primarily to verify classification of acoustic signals. The echosounder operated at a nominal ping rate of 1 ping s-1; however, this rate was occasionally adjusted if false bottom signals were observed. The general profile of a dive included a surface transect of ~300 m horizontal distance, where the acoustic transducer faced downward, and also a dive to ~120 m if conditions allowed. Echogram data were saved to a depth of 500 m, and background noise was removed. Given the effective range of the transducer of approximately 100 m (resolving -80 dB targets), surveys characterized the upper 200 m of the water column. Finally, all classified volume backscatter values were summed, station means were calculated. Acoustic returns are presented as integrated acoustic energy (volume backscatter strength [Sv], in units of dB re m-1). For a complete list of measurements, refer to the supplemental document 'Field_names.pdf', and a full dataset description is included in the supplemental file 'Dataset_description.pdf'. The most current version of this dataset is available at: http://www.bco-dmo.org/dataset/715512
Dataset: McMurdo Sound acoustic backscatter site
Suggested CitationDataset: Daly, Kendra L., Saenz, Benjamin, Kim, Stacy, "Acoustic backscatter from sites in McMurdo Sound from 2014-2015 (McMurdo Predator Prey project)", 2018-03-19, DOI:10.1575/1912/bco-dmo.731147, https://hdl.handle.net/1912/9645
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Daly, Kendra L.; Saenz, Benjamin; Kim, Stacy (Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO). Contact: email@example.com, 2018-03-19)Acoustic echosounder data were collected as part of an ecosystem study in McMurdo Sound, which is located at the southern extent of the Ross Sea in the Southern Ocean. The major goal of this multi-disciplinary project was ...
Icebreaker dates and ice edge distance in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica from austral years 1956/1957 to 2014/2015 (McMurdo Predator Prey project) Kim, Stacy; Daly, Kendra L.; Ainley, David G.; Ballard, Grant (Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO). Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org, 2017-07-07)The icebreaker channel from the fast ice edge to McMurdo Station has been created each year since 1956, with the location of the channel remaining consistent, by and large, over the entire period. Dates of the icebreaker ...
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