The Marine Policy Center (MPC) is the social science research unit of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI). MPC’s research integrates social sciences, such as economics and policy analysis, with WHOI’s basic strength in ocean sciences. Current research focuses on issues such as progress in science and technology, access to and control of marine resources, and conservation and environmental protection. While MPC’s research is based in rigorous academic disciplines, much of it is applied in nature and motivated by current issues in marine resource management and marine industries.

Recent Submissions

  • Determinants of injuries in passenger vessel accidents 

    Yip, Tsz Leung; Jin, Di; Talley, Wayne K. (2015-06)
    This paper investigates determinants of crew and passenger injuries in passenger vessel accidents. Crew and passenger injury equations are estimated for ferry, ocean cruise, and river cruise vessel accidents, utilizing ...
  • Supply-side approaches to the economic valuation of coastal and marine habitat in the Red Sea 

    Hoagland, Porter; Kite-Powell, Hauke L.; Jin, Di; Solow, Andrew R. (Elsevier, 2013-03-07)
    The degradation of natural fish habitat in the ocean implies lost economic benefits. These value losses often are not measured or anticipated fully, and therefore they are mainly ignored in decisions to develop the coast ...
  • On the attribution of a single event to climate change 

    Hansen, Gerrit; Auffhammer, Maximilian; Solow, Andrew R. (American Meteorological Society, 2014-11-15)
    There is growing interest in assessing the role of climate change in observed extreme weather events. Recent work in this area has focused on estimating a measure called attributable risk. A statistical formulation of this ...
  • A broad-scale profile of the marine advanced technology industry 

    Kite-Powell, Hauke L. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1988-03)
    Within the maritime sector of the United States economy, in which many industries are largely moribund (shipbuilding), flagging (international shipping), or often in disarray (fisheries), electronic marine instrumentation ...
  • The Soviet maritime Arctic : proceedings of a workshop held May 10-13, 1987 by the Marine Policy Center of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution 

    Brigham, Lawson W.; Gately, Ellen M. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1988-01)
    This report is a summary of an international workshop on the Soviet Maritime Arctic held May 10-13, 1987 by the Marine Policy Center of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Twenty-eight scholars from Canada, ...
  • Human responses to Florida red tides : policy awareness and adherence to local fertilizer ordinances 

    Kirkpatrick, Barbara; Kohler, Kate; Byrne, Margaret; Fleming, Lora E.; Scheller, Karen; Reich, Andrew; Hitchcock, Gary; Kirkpatrick, Gary; Ullmann, Steven G.; Hoagland, Porter (2014-06)
    To mitigate the damages of natural hazards, policy responses can be beneficial only if they are effective. Using a self-administered survey approach, this paper focuses on the adherence to local fertilizer ordinances ...
  • Anthropogenic nutrients and harmful algae in coastal waters 

    Davidson, Keith; Gowen, Richard J.; Harrison, Paul J.; Fleming, Lora E.; Hoagland, Porter; Moschonas, Grigorios (Elsevier, 2014-08-28)
    Harmful algal blooms (HABs) are thought to be increasing in coastal waters worldwide. Anthropogenic nutrient enrichment has been proposed as a principal causative factor of this increase through elevated inorganic and/or ...
  • The human health effects of Florida Red Tide (FRT) blooms : an expanded analysis 

    Hoagland, Porter; Jin, Di; Beet, Andrew R.; Kirkpatrick, Barbara; Reich, Andrew; Ullmann, Steven G.; Fleming, Lora E.; Kirkpatrick, Gary (2014-03)
    Human respiratory and digestive illnesses can be caused by exposures to brevetoxins from blooms of the marine alga Karenia brevis, also known as Florida red tide (FRT). K. brevis requires macro-nutrients to grow; although ...
  • Improving the accuracy and utility of harmful algal bloom forecasting systems 

    Anderson, Donald M.; Keafer, Bruce A.; McGillicuddy, Dennis J.; Solow, Andrew R.; Kleindinst, Judith L. (2006-05)
    One of the goals of harmful algal bloom (HAB) research has been to develop predictive capabilities for blooms. Major steps have been made towards this goal, including the development of physical-biological models of HAB ...
  • Understanding interannual, decadal level variability in paralytic shellfish poisoning toxicity in the Gulf of Maine : the HAB Index 

    Anderson, Donald M.; Couture, Darcie A.; Kleindinst, Judith L.; Keafer, Bruce A.; McGillicuddy, Dennis J.; Martin, Jennifer L.; Richlen, Mindy L.; Hickey, J. Michael; Solow, Andrew R. (2013-09)
    A major goal in harmful algal bloom (HAB) research has been to identify mechanisms underlying interannual variability in bloom magnitude and impact. Here the focus is on variability in Alexandrium fundyense blooms and ...
  • Productivity and linkages of the food web of the southern region of the western Antarctic Peninsula continental shelf 

    Ballerini, Tosca; Hofmann, Eileen E.; Ainley, David G.; Daly, Kendra L.; Marrari, Marina; Ribic, Christine A.; Smith, Walker O.; Steele, John H. (2013-11-23)
    The productivity and linkages in the food web of the southern region of the west Antarctic Peninsula continental shelf were investigated using a multi-trophic level mass balance model. Data collected during the Southern ...
  • Analysis of energy flow in US GLOBEC ecosystems using end-to-end models 

    Ruzicka, James J.; Steele, John H.; Gaichas, Sarah K.; Ballerini, Tosca; Gifford, Dian J.; Brodeur, Richard D.; Hofmann, Eileen E. (The Oceanography Society, 2013-12)
    End-to-end models were constructed to examine and compare the trophic structure and energy flow in coastal shelf ecosystems of four US Global Ocean Ecosystem Dynamics (GLOBEC) study regions: the Northern California Current, ...
  • Understanding patterns and processes in models of trophic cascades 

    Heath, Michael R.; Speirs, Douglas C.; Steele, John H. (John Wiley & Sons, 2013-12-16)
    Climate fluctuations and human exploitation are causing global changes in nutrient enrichment of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems and declining abundances of apex predators. The resulting trophic cascades have had profound ...
  • The determinants of fishing vessel accident severity 

    Jin, Di (2014-02-05)
    The study examines the determinants of fishing vessel accident severity in the Northeastern United States using vessel accident data from the U.S. Coast Guard for 2001-2008. Vessel damage and crew injury severity equations ...
  • The challenge to detect and attribute effects of climate change on human and natural systems 

    Stone, Daithi; Auffhammer, Maximilian; Carey, Mark; Hansen, Gerrit; Huggel, Christian; Cramer, Wolfgang; Lobell, David; Molau, Ulf; Solow, Andrew R.; Tibig, Lourdes; Yohe, Gary (Springer, 2013-08-30)
    Anthropogenic climate change has triggered impacts on natural and human systems world-wide, yet the formal scientific method of detection and attribution has been only insufficiently described. Detection and attribution ...
  • Ecological damage compensation for coastal sea area uses 

    Rao, Huanhuan; Lin, Chenchen; Kong, Hao; Jin, Di; Peng, Benrong (2013-11)
    Rapid economic growth has resulted in significant ecological degradation in many coastal areas in China. Control measures involving Marine Ecological Damage Compensation (MEDC) have been introduced to curb unsustainable ...
  • Comparing multistate expected damages, option price and cumulative prospect measures for valuing flood protection 

    Farrow, Scott; Scott, Michael (John Wiley & Sons, 2013-05-28)
    Floods are risky events ranging from small to catastrophic. Although expected flood damages are frequently used for economic policy analysis, alternative measures such as option price (OP) and cumulative prospect value ...
  • Dividing up the pie : whales, fish, and humans as competitors 

    Ruzicka, James J.; Steele, John H.; Ballerini, Tosca; Gaichas, Sarah K.; Ainley, David G. (2013-04-29)
    Similarly structured food web models of four coastal ecosystems (Northern California Current, Central Gulf of Alaska, Georges Bank, southwestern Antarctic Peninsula) were used to investigate competition among whales, ...
  • Climate-driven sea level anomalies modulate coastal groundwater dynamics and discharge 

    Gonneea, Meagan E.; Mulligan, Ann E.; Charette, Matthew A. (John Wiley & Sons, 2013-06-03)
    To better understand the physical drivers of submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) in the coastal ocean, we conducted a detailed field and modeling study within an unconfined coastal aquifer system. We monitored the hydraulic ...
  • Species–area relationships always overestimate extinction rates from habitat loss : comment 

    Axelsen, Jacob Bock; Roll, Uri; Stone, Lewi; Solow, Andrew R. (Ecological Society of America, 2013-03)
    The species–area relationship summarizes the relationship between the average number of species in a region and its area. This relationship provides a basis for predicting the loss of species associated with loss ...

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