The Marine Policy Center (MPC) is the social science research unit of the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI). MPC’s research integrates social sciences, such as economics and policy analysis, with WHOI’s basic strength in ocean sciences. Current research focuses on issues such as progress in science and technology, access to and control of marine resources, and conservation and environmental protection. While MPC’s research is based in rigorous academic disciplines, much of it is applied in nature and motivated by current issues in marine resource management and marine industries.

Recent Submissions

  • Managing biological invasions: the cost of inaction 

    Ahmed, Danish A.; Hudgins, Emma J.; Cuthbert, Ross N.; Kourantidou, Melina; Diagne, Christophe; Haubrock, Phillip J.; Leung, Brian; Liu, Chunlong; Leroy, Boris; Petrovskii, Sergei; Beidas, Ayah; Courchamp, Franck (Springer, 2022-03-18)
    Ecological and socioeconomic impacts from biological invasions are rapidly escalating worldwide. While effective management underpins impact mitigation, such actions are often delayed, insufficient or entirely absent. ...
  • The economic tradeoffs and ecological impacts associated with a potential mesopelagic fishery in the California Current 

    Dowd, Sally; Chapman, Melissa; Koehn, Laura E.; Hoagland, Porter (Ecological Society of America, 2022-02-21)
    The ocean's mesopelagic zone (200–1000 m) remains one of the most understudied parts of the ocean despite knowledge that mesopelagic fishes are highly abundant. Apex predators from the surface waters are known to consume ...
  • Inuit food insecurity as a consequence of fragmented marine resource management policies? Emerging lessons from Nunatsiavut 

    Kourantidou, Melina; Hoagland, Porter; Bailey, Megan (Arctic Institute of North America, 2022-01-28)
    Historically, Inuit communities of the Arctic have relied significantly on the living marine resources of their coastal waters for nutrition, underpinning community cohesion and enhancing individual and collective well-being. ...
  • Biological invasion costs reveal insufficient proactive management worldwide 

    Cuthbert, Ross N.; Diagne, Christophe; Hudgins, Emma J.; Turbelin, Anna J.; Ahmed, Danish A.; Albert, Céline; Bodey, Thomas W.; Briski, Elizabeta; Essl, Franz; Haubrock, Phillip J.; Gozlan, Rodolphe E.; Kirichenko, Natalia; Kourantidou, Melina; Kramer, Andrew M.; Courchamp, Franck (Elsevier, 2022-05-01)
    The global increase in biological invasions is placing growing pressure on the management of ecological and economic systems. However, the effectiveness of current management expenditure is difficult to assess due to a ...
  • Pathways to justice, equity, diversity, and inclusion in marine science and conservation 

    Johri, Shaili; Carnevale, Maria; Porter, Lindsay; Zivian, Anna; Kourantidou, Melina; Meyer, Erin L.; Seevers, Jessica; Skubel, Rachel A. (Frontiers Media, 2021-12-23)
    Marine conservation sciences have traditionally been, and remain, non-diverse work environments with many barriers to justice, equity, diversity, and inclusion (JEDI). These barriers disproportionately affect entry of early ...
  • Identifying economic costs and knowledge gaps of invasive aquatic crustaceans 

    Kouba, Antonín; Oficialdegui, Francisco J.; Cuthbert, Ross N.; Kourantidou, Melina; South, Josie; Tricarico, Elena; Gozlan, Rodolphe E.; Courchamp, Franck; Haubrock, Phillip J. (Elsevier, 2021-12-31)
    Despite voluminous literature identifying the impacts of invasive species, summaries of monetary costs for some taxonomic groups remain limited. Invasive alien crustaceans often have profound impacts on recipient ecosystems, ...
  • The ocean twilight zone’s role in climate change 

    Buesseler, Ken O.; Jin, Di; Kourantidou, Melina; Levin, David S.; Ramakrishna, Kilaparti; Renaud, Philip (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2022-02)
    The ocean twilight zone (more formally known as the mesopelagic zone) plays a fundamental role in global climate. It is the mid-ocean region roughly 100 to 1000 meters below the surface, encompassing a half-mile deep belt ...
  • Sensitivity of sand lance to shifting prey and hydrography indicates forthcoming change to the northeast US shelf forage fish complex 

    Suca, Justin J.; Wiley, David N.; Silva, Tammy L.; Robuck, Anna R.; Richardson, David E.; Glancy, Sarah G.; Clancey, Emily; Giandonato, Teresa; Solow, Andrew R.; Thompson, Michael A.; Hong, Peter; Baumann, Hannes; Kaufman, Les; Llopiz, Joel K. (Oxford University Press, 2021-01-26)
    Northern sand lance (Ammodytes dubius) and Atlantic herring (Clupea harengus) represent the dominant lipid-rich forage fish species throughout the Northeast US shelf and are critical prey for numerous top predators. However, ...
  • Workshop on the socio-economic effects of marine and fresh water harmful algal blooms in the United States 

    Suddleson, Marc; Hoagland, Porter (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2021-03-01)
    The US National Office for Harmful Algal Blooms at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) and the NOAA National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science (NCCOS) held a virtual workshop comprising four sessions between ...
  • Twilight zone observation network: a distributed observation network for sustained, real-time interrogation of the ocean’s twilight zone 

    Thorrold, Simon R.; Adams, Allan; Bucklin, Ann; Buesseler, Ken O.; Fischer, Godi; Govindarajan, Annette F.; Hoagland, Porter; Di, Jin; Lavery, Andone C.; Llopez, Joel; Madin, Laurence P.; Omand, Melissa M.; Renaud, Philip; Sosik, Heidi M.; Wiebe, Peter; Yoerger, Dana R.; Zhang, Weifeng G. (Marine Technology Society, 2021-05-01)
    The ocean's twilight zone (TZ) is a vast, globe-spanning region of the ocean. Home to myriad fishes and invertebrates, mid-water fishes alone may constitute 10 times more biomass than all current ocean wild-caught fisheries ...
  • Thermodynamic feasibility of shipboard conversion of marine plastics to blue diesel for self-powered ocean cleanup 

    Belden, Elizabeth R.; Kazantzis, Nikolaos K.; Reddy, Christopher M.; Kite-Powell, Hauke L.; Timko, Michael T.; Italiani, Eduardo; Herschbach, Dudley R. (National Academy of Sciences, 2021-11-16)
    Collecting and removing ocean plastics can mitigate their environmental impacts; however, ocean cleanup will be a complex and energy-intensive operation that has not been fully evaluated. This work examines the thermodynamic ...
  • Economic costs of invasive alien species across Europe 

    Haubrock, Phillip J.; Turbelin, Anna J.; Cuthbert, Ross N.; Novoa, Ana; Taylor, Nigel G.; Angulo, Elena; Ballesteros-Mejia, Liliana; Bodey, Thomas W.; Capinha, César; Diagne, Christophe; Essl, Franz; Golivets, Marina; Kirichenko, Natalia; Kourantidou, Melina; Leroy, Boris; Renault, David; Verbrugge, Laura N.H.; Courchamp, Franck (Pensoft Publishers, 2021-06-29)
    Biological invasions continue to threaten the stability of ecosystems and societies that are dependent on their services. Whilst the ecological impacts of invasive alien species (IAS) have been widely reported in recent ...
  • Economic costs of invasive alien species in the Mediterranean basin 

    Kourantidou, Melina; Cuthbert, Ross N.; Haubrock, Phillip J.; Novoa, Ana; Taylor, Nigel G.; Leroy, Boris; Capinha, César; Renault, David; Angulo, Elena; Diagne, Christophe; Courchamp, Franck (Pensoft Publishers, 2021-07-29)
    nvasive alien species (IAS) negatively impact the environment and undermine human well-being, often resulting in considerable economic costs. The Mediterranean basin is a culturally, socially and economically diverse region, ...
  • Risk averse choices of managed beach widths under environmental uncertainty 

    Jin, Di; Hoagland, Porter; Ashton, Andrew D. (Wiley, 2021-07-26)
    Applying a theoretical geo-economic approach, we examined key factors affecting decisions about the choice of beach width when eroded coastal beaches are being nourished (i.e., when fill is placed to widen a beach). Within ...
  • Functional traits provide new insight into recovery and succession at deep-sea hydrothermal vents 

    Dykman, Lauren; Beaulieu, Stace E.; Mills, Susan W.; Solow, Andrew R.; Mullineaux, Lauren S. (Ecological Society of America, 2021-05-28)
    Investigation of communities in extreme environments with unique conditions has the potential to broaden or challenge existing theory as to how biological communities assemble and change through succession. Deep-sea ...
  • Global economic costs of aquatic invasive alien species 

    Cuthbert, Ross N.; Pattison, Zarah; Taylor, Nigel G.; Verbrugge, Laura N.H.; Diagne, Christophe; Ahmed, Danish A.; Leroy, Boris; Angulo, Elena; Briski, Elizabeta; Capinha, César; Catford, Jane A.; Dalu, Tatenda; Essl, Franz; Gozlan, Rodolphe E.; Haubrock, Phillip J.; Kourantidou, Melina; Kramer, Andrew M.; Renault, David; Wasserman, Ryan J.; Courchamp, Franck (Elsevier, 2021-01-20)
    Much research effort has been invested in understanding ecological impacts of invasive alien species (IAS) across ecosystems and taxonomic groups, but empirical studies about economic effects lack synthesis. Using a ...
  • Non-English languages enrich scientific knowledge: the example of economic costs of biological invasions 

    Angulo, Elena; Diagne, Christophe; Ballesteros-Mejia, Liliana; Adamjy, Tasnime; Ahmed, Danish A.; Akulov, Evgeny; Banerjee, Achyut K.; Capinha, César; Dia, Cheikh A.K.M.; Dobigny, Gauthier; Duboscq-Carra, Virginia G.; Golivets, Marina; Haubrock, Phillip J.; Heringer, Gustavo; Kirichenko, Natalia; Kourantidou, Melina; Liu, Chunlong; Nuñez, Martin A.; Renault, David; Roiz, David; Taheri, Ahmed; Verbrugge, Laura N.H.; Watari, Yuya; Xiong, Wen; Courchamp, Franck (Elsevier, 2021-03-10)
    We contend that the exclusive focus on the English language in scientific research might hinder effective communication between scientists and practitioners or policy makers whose mother tongue is non-English. This barrier ...
  • Equitable allocations in northern fisheries: bridging the divide for Labrador Inuit 

    Kourantidou, Melina; Hoagland, Porter; Dale, Aaron; Bailey, Megan (Frontiers Media, 2021-02-18)
    Canada has undertaken commitments to recognize the rights of Indigenous Peoples in fisheries through policies and agreements, including Integrated Fishery Management Plans, the Reconciliation Strategy, and Land Claim ...
  • The value of scientific research on the ocean's biological carbon pump 

    Jin, Di; Hoagland, Porter; Buesseler, Ken O. (Elsevier, 2020-08-01)
    The ocean's biological carbon pump (BCP) sequesters carbon from the surface to the deep ocean and seabed, constituting one of Earth's most valuable ecosystem services. Significant uncertainty exists surrounding the amounts ...
  • Salinity intrusion in a modified river-estuary system: an integrated modeling framework for source-to-sea management 

    Hoagland, Porter; Beet, Andrew R.; Ralston, David K.; Parsons, George R.; Shirazi, Yosef; Carr, Edward W. (Frontiers in Marine Science, 2020-08-07)
    Along the US Atlantic and Gulf coasts, port authorities and governments have been competing for access to federal funds to deepen the channels and berths in each of the major estuary-based harbors, thereby facilitating ...

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