Research in MC&G ranges from the glacial history of the Antarctic ice sheet and the formation of surface films in the upper micron of the ocean to the cycling of carbon through various ocean reservoirs, the history of ocean circulation recorded in the growth bands of coral, and the role of hydrothermal vents and seawater-rock interactions on the composition of the oceans.

Recent Submissions

  • Organic biogeochemistry in West Mata, NE Kau hydrothermal vent fields 

    Lin, Huei-Ting; Butterfield, David A.; Baker, Edward T.; Resing, Joseph A.; Huber, Julie A.; Cowen, James P. (American Geophysical Union, 2021-03-17)
    The impact of submarine hydrothermal systems on organic carbon in the ocean—one of the largest fixed carbon reservoirs on Earth—could be profound. Yet, different vent sites show diverse fluid chemical compositions and the ...
  • An operational overview of the EXport Processes in the Ocean from RemoTe Sensing (EXPORTS) Northeast Pacific field deployment 

    Siegel, David A.; Cetinić, Ivona; Graff, Jason R.; Lee, Craig M.; Nelson, Norman B.; Perry, Mary J.; Soto Ramos, Inia; Steinberg, Deborah K.; Buesseler, Ken O.; Hamme, Roberta C.; Fassbender, Andrea; Nicholson, David P.; Omand, Melissa M.; Robert, Marie; Thompson, Andrew F.; Amaral, Vinicius; Behrenfeld, Michael J.; Benitez-Nelson, Claudia R.; Bisson, Kelsey; Boss, Emmanuel S.; Boyd, Philip; Brzezinski, Mark A.; Buck, Kristen N.; Burd, Adrian B.; Burns, Shannon; Caprara, Salvatore; Carlson, Craig A.; Cassar, Nicolas; Close, Hilary G.; D'Asaro, Eric A.; Durkin, Colleen A.; Erickson, Zachary K.; Estapa, Margaret L.; Fields, Erik; Fox, James; Freeman, Scott; Gifford, Scott M.; Gong, Weida; Gray, Deric; Guidi, Lionel; Haëntjens, Nils; Halsey, Kim; Huot, Yannick; Hansell, Dennis A.; Jenkins, Bethany D.; Karp-Boss, Lee; Kramer, Sasha J.; Lam, Phoebe J.; Lee, Jong-Mi; Maas, Amy E.; Marchal, Olivier; Marchetti, Adrian; McDonnell, Andrew M. P.; McNair, Heather; Menden-Deuer, Susanne; Morison, Francoise; Niebergall, Alexandria K.; Passow, Uta; Popp, Brian N.; Potvin, Geneviève; Resplandy, Laure; Roca-Martí, Montserrat; Roesler, Collin S.; Rynearson, Tatiana A.; Traylor, Shawnee; Santoro, Alyson E.; Seraphin, Kanesa; Sosik, Heidi M.; Stamieszkin, Karen; Stephens, Brandon M.; Tang, Weiyi; Van Mooy, Benjamin; Xiong, Yuanheng; Zhang, Xiaodong (University of California Press, 2021-07-07)
    The goal of the EXport Processes in the Ocean from RemoTe Sensing (EXPORTS) field campaign is to develop a predictive understanding of the export, fate, and carbon cycle impacts of global ocean net primary production. To ...
  • Limited presence of permafrost dissolved organic matter in the Kolyma River, Siberia revealed by ramped oxidation 

    Rogers, Jennifer A.; Galy, Valier; Kellerman, Anne M.; Chanton, Jeffrey P.; Zimov, Nikita S.; Spencer, Robert G. M. (American Geophysical Union, 2021-07-09)
    Increasing Arctic temperatures are thawing permafrost soils and liberating ancient organic matter, but the fate of this material remains unclear. Thawing of permafrost releases dissolved organic matter (DOM) into fluvial ...
  • The osmolyte ties that bind: genomic insights into synthesis and breakdown of organic osmolytes in marine microbes 

    McParland, Erin L.; Alexander, Harriet; Johnson, Winifred M. (Frontiers Media, 2021-07-14)
    The production and consumption of organic matter by marine organisms plays a central role in the marine carbon cycle. Labile organic compounds (metabolites) are the major currency of energetic demands and organismal ...
  • Community science for coastal acidification monitoring and research 

    Gassett, Parker Randall; O’Brien-Clayton, Katie; Bastidas, Carolina; Rheuban, Jennie E.; Hunt, Christopher W.; Turner, Elizabeth; Liebman, Matthew; Silva, Emily; Pimenta, Adam R.; Grear, Jason S.; Motyka, Jackie; McCorkle, Daniel C.; Stancioff, Esperanza; Brady, Damian C.; Strong, Aaron L. (Taylor and Francis, 2021-07-26)
    Ocean and coastal acidification (OCA) present a unique set of sustainability challenges at the human-ecological interface. Extensive biogeochemical monitoring that can assess local acidification conditions, distinguish ...
  • Quantifying the effects of hydrogen on carbon assimilation in a seafloor microbial community associated with ultramafic rocks 

    Coskun, Ömer K.; Vuillemin, Aurèle; Schubotz, Florence; Klein, Frieder; Sichel, Susanna E.; Eisenreich, Wolfgang; Orsi, William D. (Springer Nature, 2021-07-26)
    Thermodynamic models predict that H2 is energetically favorable for seafloor microbial life, but how H2 affects anabolic processes in seafloor-associated communities is poorly understood. Here, we used quantitative 13C DNA ...
  • Linking deeply-sourced volatile emissions to plateau growth dynamics in southeastern Tibetan Plateau 

    Zhang, Maoliang; Guo, Zhengfu; Xu, Sheng; Barry, Peter H.; Sano, Yuji; Zhang, Lihong; Halldórsson, Saemundur; Chen, Ai-Ti; Cheng, Zhihui; Liu, Cong-Qiang; Li, Si-Liang; Lang, Yun-Chao; Zheng, Guodong; Li, Zhongping; Li, Liwu; Li, Ying (Nature Research, 2021-07-06)
    The episodic growth of high-elevation orogenic plateaux is controlled by a series of geodynamic processes. However, determining the underlying mechanisms that drive plateau growth dynamics over geological history and ...
  • Drivers of organic molecular signatures in the Amazon River 

    Kurek, Martin; Stubbins, Aron; Drake, Travis W.; Moura, José M. S.; Holmes, Robert M.; Osterholz, Helena; Dittmar, Thorsten; Peucker-Ehrenbrink, Bernhard; Mitsuya, Miyuki; Spencer, Robert G. M. (American Geophysical Union, 2021-06-11)
    As climate-driven El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) events are projected to increase in frequency and severity, much attention has focused on impacts regarding ecosystem productivity and carbon balance in Amazonian ...
  • Quantifying Po-210/Pb-210 disequilibrium in seawater: a comparison of two precipitation methods with differing results 

    Roca-Martí, Montserrat; Puigcorbé, Viena; Castrillejo, Maxi; Casacuberta, Nuria; Garcia-Orellana, Jordi; Cochran, J. Kirk; Masqué, Pere (Frontiers Media, 2021-06-22)
    The disequilibrium between lead-210 (210Pb) and polonium-210 (210Po) is increasingly used in oceanography to quantify particulate organic carbon (POC) export from the upper ocean. This proxy is based on the deficits of ...
  • Concentrations, ratios, and sinking fluxes of major bioelements at Ocean Station Papa 

    Roca-Martí, Montserrat; Benitez-Nelson, Claudia R.; Umhau, Blaire P.; Wyatt, Abigale M.; Clevenger, Samantha J.; Pike, Steven M.; Horner, Tristan J.; Estapa, Margaret L.; Resplandy, Laure; Buesseler, Ken O. (University of California Press, 2021-06-28)
    Fluxes of major bioelements associated with sinking particles were quantified in late summer 2018 as part of the EXport Processes in the Ocean from RemoTe Sensing (EXPORTS) field campaign near Ocean Station Papa in the ...
  • Biogenic sinking particle fluxes and sediment trap collection efficiency at Ocean Station Papa 

    Estapa, Margaret L.; Buesseler, Ken O.; Durkin, Colleen A.; Omand, Melissa M.; Benitez-Nelson, Claudia R.; Roca-Martí, Montserrat; Breves, Elly; Kelly, Roger P.; Pike, Steven M. (University of California Press, 2021-06-17)
    Comprehensive field observations characterizing the biological carbon pump (BCP) provide the foundation needed to constrain mechanistic models of downward particulate organic carbon (POC) flux in the ocean. Sediment traps ...
  • The Sedimentary Geochemistry and Paleoenvironments Project 

    Farrell, Úna C.; Samawi, Rifaat; Anjanappa, Savitha; Klykov, Roman; Adeboye, Oyeleye O.; Agic, Heda; Ahm, Anne-Sofie C.; Boag, Thomas H.; Bowyer, Fred; Brocks, Jochen J.; Brunoir, Tessa N.; Canfield, Donald E.; Chen, Xiaoyan; Cheng, Meng; Clarkson, Matthew O.; Cole, Devon B.; Cordie, David R.; Crockford, Peter W.; Cui, Huan; Dahl, Tais W.; Mouro, Lucas D.; Dewing, Keith; Dornbos, Stephen Q.; Drabon, Nadja; Dumoulin, Julie A.; Emmings, Joseph F.; Endriga, Cecilia R.; Fraser, Tiffani A.; Gaines, Robert R.; Gaschnig, Richard M.; Gibson, Timothy M.; Gilleaudeau, Geoffrey J.; Gill, Benjamin C.; Goldberg, Karin; Guilbaud, Romain; Halverson, Galen P.; Hammarlund, Emma U.; Hantsoo, Kalev G.; Henderson, Miles A.; Hodgskiss, Malcolm S. W.; Horner, Tristan J.; Husson, Jon M.; Johnson, Benjamin; Kabanov, Pavel; Keller, C. Brenhin; Kimmig, Julien; Kipp, Michael A.; Knoll, Andrew H.; Kreitsmann, Timmu; Kunzmann, Marcus; Kurzweil, Florian; LeRoy, Matthew A.; Li, Chao; Lipp, Alex G.; Loydell, David K.; Lu, Xinze; Macdonald, Francis A.; Magnall, Joseph M.; Mänd, Kaarel; Mehra, Akshay; Melchin, Michael J.; Miller, Austin J.; Mills, N. Tanner; Mwinde, Chiza N.; O'Connell, Brennan; Och, Lawrence M.; Ossa Ossa, Frantz; Pagès, Anais; Paiste, Kärt; Partin, Camille A.; Peters, Shanan E.; Petrov, Peter; Playter, Tiffany L.; Plaza-Torres, Stephanie; Porter, Susannah M.; Poulton, Simon W.; Pruss, Sara; Richoz, Sylvain; Ritzer, Samantha R.; Rooney, Alan D.; Sahoo, Swapan K.; Schoepfer, Shane D.; Sclafani, Judith A.; Shen, Yanan; Shorttle, Oliver; Slotznick, Sarah P.; Smith, Emily F.; Spinks, Sam; Stockey, Richard G.; Strauss, Justin V.; Stüeken, Eva E.; Tecklenburg, Sabrina; Thomson, Danielle; Tosca, Nicholas J.; Uhlein, Gabriel J.; Vizcaíno, Maoli N.; Wang, Huajian; White, Tristan; Wilby, Philip R.; Woltz, Christina R.; Wood, Rachel A.; Xiang, Lei; Yurchenko, Inessa A.; Zhang, Tianran; Planavsky, Noah J.; Lau, Kimberly V.; Johnston, David T.; Sperling, Erik A. (Wiley, 2021-07-05)
    Geobiology explores how Earth's system has changed over the course of geologic history and how living organisms on this planet are impacted by or are indeed causing these changes. For decades, geologists, paleontologists, ...
  • Microbial bioindicators of Stony Coral Tissue Loss Disease identified in corals and overlying waters using a rapid field-based sequencing approach 

    Becker, Cynthia; Brandt, Marilyn; Miller, Carolyn A.; Apprill, Amy (Society for Applied Microbiology, 2021-08-25)
    Stony Coral Tissue Loss Disease (SCTLD) is a devastating disease. Since 2014, it has spread along the entire Florida Reef Tract and into the greater Caribbean. It was first detected in the United States Virgin Islands in ...
  • Review of the analysis of Th-234 in small volume (2-4 L) seawater samples: improvements and recommendations 

    Clevenger, Samantha J.; Benitez-Nelson, Claudia R.; Drysdale, Jessica A.; Pike, Steven M.; Puigcorbé, Viena; Buesseler, Ken O. (Springer, 2021-06-24)
    The short-lived radionuclide 234Th is widely used to study particle scavenging and transport from the upper ocean to deeper waters. This manuscript optimizes, reviews and validates the collection, processing and analyses ...
  • Projecting ocean acidification impacts for the Gulf of Maine to 2050: new tools and expectations 

    Siedlecki, Samantha A.; Salisbury, Joseph E.; Gledhill, Dwight K.; Bastidas, Carolina; Meseck, Shannon L.; McGarry, Kelly; Hunt, Christopher W.; Alexander, Michael A.; Lavoie, Diane; Wang, Zhaohui Aleck; Scott, James D.; Brady, Damian C.; Mlsna, Ivy; Azetsu-Scott, Kumiko; Liberti, Catherine M.; Melrose, D. Christopher; White, Meredith M.; Pershing, Andrew J.; Vandemark, Douglas; Townsend, David W.; Chen, Changsheng; Mook, Bill; Morrison, J. Ruairidh (University of California Press, 2021-05-13)
    Ocean acidification (OA) is increasing predictably in the global ocean as rising levels of atmospheric carbon dioxide lead to higher oceanic concentrations of inorganic carbon. The Gulf of Maine (GOM) is a seasonally varying ...
  • Gender differences in NSF ocean sciences awards 

    Lima, Ivan D.; Rheuban, Jennie E. (Oceanography Society, 2021-09-17)
    In this study, we examine how women’s representation in National Science Foundation Ocean Sciences (NSF-OCE) awards changed between 1987 and 2019 and how it varied across different programs, research topics, and award ...
  • A phosphate starvation response gene (psr1-like) is present and expressed in Micromonas pusilla and other marine algae 

    Fiore, Cara L.; Alexander, Harriet; Kido Soule, Melissa C.; Kujawinski, Elizabeth B. (Inter Research, 2021-02-25)
    Phosphorus (P) limits primary production in regions of the surface ocean, and many plankton species exhibit specific physiological responses to P deficiency. The metabolic response of Micromonas pusilla, an ecologically ...
  • Microbial ecology of coral-dominated reefs in the Federated States of Micronesia 

    Apprill, Amy; Holm, Henry C.; Santoro, Alyson E.; Becker, Cynthia; Neave, Matthew J.; Hughen, Konrad A.; Richards Donà, Angela; Aeby, Greta S.; Work, Thierry M.; Weber, Laura; McNally, Sean (Inter Research, 2021-04-22)
    Microorganisms are central to the functioning of coral reef ecosystems, but their dynamics are unstudied on most reefs. We examined the microbial ecology of shallow reefs within the Federated States of Micronesia. We ...
  • Differential patterns of microbiota recovery in symbiotic and aposymbiotic corals following antibiotic disturbance 

    Bent, Shavonna M.; Miller, Carolyn A.; Sharp, Koty H.; Hansel, Colleen M.; Apprill, Amy (American Society for Microbiology, 2021-04-13)
    Microbial relationships are critical to coral health, and changes in microbiomes are often exhibited following environmental disturbance. However, the dynamics of coral-microbial composition and external factors that govern ...
  • Bacterial quorum-sensing signal arrests phytoplankton cell division and impacts virus-induced mortality 

    Pollara, Scott B.; Becker, Jamie W.; Nunn, Brook L.; Boiteau, Rene M.; Repeta, Daniel J.; Mudge, Miranda C.; Downing, Grayton; Chase, Davis; Harvey, Elizabeth L.; Whalen, Kristen E. (American Society for Microbiology, 2021-05-12)
    Interactions between phytoplankton and heterotrophic bacteria fundamentally shape marine ecosystems by controlling primary production, structuring marine food webs, mediating carbon export, and influencing global climate. ...

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