Research in MC&G ranges from the glacial history of the Antarctic ice sheet and the formation of surface films in the upper micron of the ocean to the cycling of carbon through various ocean reservoirs, the history of ocean circulation recorded in the growth bands of coral, and the role of hydrothermal vents and seawater-rock interactions on the composition of the oceans.

Recent Submissions

  • The GEOTRACES Intermediate Data Product 2017 

    Schlitzer, Reiner; Anderson, Robert F.; Dodas, Elena Masferrer; Lohan, Maeve C.; Geibert, Walter; Tagliabue, Alessandro; Bowie, Andrew R.; Jeandel, Catherine; Maldonado, Maria T.; Landing, William M.; Cockwell, Donna; Abadie, Cyril; Abouchami, Wafa; Achterberg, Eric P.; Agather, Alison; Aguliar-Islas, Ana; van Aken, Hendrik M.; Andersen, Morten; Archer, Corey; Auro, Maureen E.; Baar, Hein J. W. de; Baars, Oliver; Baker, Alex R.; Bakker, Karel; Basak, Chandranath; Baskaran, Mark; Bates, Nicholas R.; Bauch, Dorothea; van Beek, Pieter; Behrens, Melanie K.; Black, Erin E.; Bluhm, Katrin; Bopp, Laurent; Bouman, Heather; Bowman, Katlin; Bown, Johann; Boyd, Philip; Boye, Marie; Boyle, Edward A.; Branellec, Pierre; Bridgestock, Luke; Brissebrat, Guillaume; Browning, Thomas; Bruland, Kenneth W.; Brumsack, Hans-Jürgen; Brzezinski, Mark A.; Buck, Clifton S.; Buck, Kristen N.; Buesseler, Ken O.; Bull, Abby; Butler, Edward; Cai, Pinghe; Cámara Mor, Patricia; Cardinal, Damien; Carlson, Craig; Carrasco, Gonzalo; Casacuberta, Nuria; Casciotti, Karen L.; Castrillejo, Maxi; Chamizo, Elena; Chance, Rosie; Charette, Matthew A.; Chaves, Joaquin E.; Cheng, Hai; Chever, Fanny; Christl, Marcus; Church, Thomas M.; Closset, Ivia; Colman, Albert S.; Conway, Tim M.; Cossa, Daniel; Croot, Peter L.; Cullen, Jay T.; Cutter, Gregory A.; Daniels, Chris; Dehairs, Frank; Deng, Feifei; Dieu, Huong Thi; Duggan, Brian; Dulaquais, Gabriel; Dumousseaud, Cynthia; Echegoyen-Sanz, Yolanda; Edwards, R. Lawrence; Ellwood, Michael J.; Fahrbach, Eberhard; Fitzsimmons, Jessica N.; Flegal, A. Russell; Fleisher, Martin Q.; van de Flierdt, Tina; Frank, Martin; Friedrich, Jana; Fripiat, Francois; Fröllje, Henning; Galer, Stephen J. G.; Gamo, Toshitaka; Ganeshram, Raja S.; Garcia-Orellana, Jordi; Garcia Solsona, Ester; Gault-Ringold, Melanie; George, Ejin; Gerringa, Loes J. A.; Gilbert, Melissa; Godoy, Jose Marcus; Goldstein, Steven L.; Gonzalez, Santiago; Grissom, Karen; Hammerschmidt, Chad R.; Hartman, Alison; Hassler, Christel; Hathorne, Ed C.; Hatta, Mariko; Hawco, Nicholas J.; Hayes, Christopher T.; Heimbürger, Lars-Eric; Helgoe, Josh; Heller, Maija Iris; Henderson, Gideon M.; Henderson, Paul B.; van Heuven, Steven; Ho, Peng; Horner, Tristan J.; Hsieh, Yu-Te; Huang, Kuo-Fang; Humphreys, Matthew P.; Isshiki, Kenji; Jacquot, Jeremy E.; Janssen, David J.; Jenkins, William J.; John, Seth; Jones, Elizabeth M.; Jones, Janice L.; Kadko, David; Kayser, Rick; Kenna, Timothy C.; Khondoker, Roulin; Kim, Taejin; Kipp, Lauren; Klar, Jessica K.; Klunder, Maarten; Kretschmer, Sven; Kumamoto, Yuichiro; Laan, Patrick; Labatut, Marie; Lacan, Francois; Lam, Phoebe J.; Lambelet, Myriam; Lamborg, Carl H.; le Moigne, Frederique; Le Roy, Emilie; Lechtenfeld, Oliver J.; Lee, Jong-Mi; Lherminier, Pascale; Little, Susan; López-Lora, Mercedes; Lu, Yanbin; Masque, Pere; Mawji, Edward; McClain, Charles R.; Measures, Christopher I.; Mehic, Sanjin; Menzel Barraqueta, Jan-Lukas; Merwe, Pier van der; Middag, Rob; Mieruch, Sebastian; Milne, Angela; Minami, Tomoharu; Moffett, James W.; Moncoiffe, Gwenaelle; Moore, Willard S.; Morris, Paul J.; Morton, Peter L.; Nakaguchi, Yuzuru; Nakayama, Noriko; Niedermiller, John; Nishioka, Jun; Nishiuchi, Akira; Noble, Abigail E.; Obata, Hajime; Ober, Sven; Ohnemus, Daniel C.; van Ooijen, Jan; O'Sullivan, Jeanette; Owens, Stephanie A.; Pahnke, Katharina; Paul, Maxence; Pavia, Frank; Pena, Leopoldo D.; Peters, Brian; Planchon, Frederic; Planquette, Helene; Pradoux, Catherine; Puigcorbé, Viena; Quay, Paul D.; Queroue, Fabien; Radic, Amandine; Rauschenberg, Sara; Rehkämper, Mark; Rember, Robert; Remenyi, Tomas A.; Resing, Joseph A.; Rickli, Joerg; Rigaud, Sylvain; Rijkenberg, Micha J. A.; Rintoul, Stephen R.; Robinson, Laura F.; Roca-Martí, Montserrat; Rodellas, Valenti; Roeske, Tobias; Rolison, John M.; Rosenberg, Mark; Roshan, Saeed; Rutgers van der Loeff, Michiel M.; Ryabenko, Evgenia; Saito, Mak A.; Salt, Lesley; Sanial, Virginie; Sarthou, Geraldine; Schallenberg, Christina; Schauer, Ursula; Scher, Howie; Schlosser, Christian; Schnetger, Bernhard; Scott, Peter M.; Sedwick, Peter N.; Semiletov, Igor P.; Shelley, Rachel U.; Sherrell, Robert M.; Shiller, Alan M.; Sigman, Daniel M.; Singh, Sunil Kumar; Slagter, Hans; Slater, Emma; Smethie, William M.; Snaith, Helen; Sohrin, Yoshiki; Sohst, Bettina M.; Sonke, Jeroen E.; Speich, Sabrina; Steinfeldt, Reiner; Stewart, Gillian; Stichel, Torben; Stirling, Claudine H.; Stutsman, Johnny; Swarr, Gretchen J.; Swift, James H.; Thomas, Alexander; Thorne, Kay; Till, Claire P.; Till, Ralph; Townsend, Ashley T.; Townsend, Emily; Tuerena, Robyn; Twining, Benjamin S.; Vance, Derek; Velazquez, Sue; Venchiarutti, Celia; Villa-Alfageme, Maria; Vivancos, Sebastian M.; Voelker, Antje H. L.; Wake, Bronwyn; Warner, Mark J.; Watson, Ros; van Weerlee, Evaline; Weigand, M. Alexandra; Weinstein, Yishai; Weiss, Dominik; Wisotzki, Andreas; Woodward, E. Malcolm S.; Wu, Jingfeng; Wu, Yingzhe; Wuttig, Kathrin; Wyatt, Neil; Xiang, Yang; Xie, Ruifang C.; Xue, Zichen; Yoshikawa, Hisayuki; Zhang, Jing; Zhang, Pu; Zhao, Ye; Zheng, Linjie; Zheng, Xin-Yuan; Zieringer, Moritz; Zimmer, Louise A.; Ziveri, Patrizia; Zunino, Patricia; Zurbrick, Cheryl (Elsevier, 2018-06-01)
    The GEOTRACES Intermediate Data Product 2017 (IDP2017) is the second publicly available data product of the international GEOTRACES programme, and contains data measured and quality controlled before the end of 2016. The ...
  • A phytoplankton model for the allocation of gross photosynthetic energy including the trade‐offs of diazotrophy 

    Nicholson, David P.; Stanley, Rachel H. R.; Doney, Scott C. (John Wiley & Sons, 2018-06-18)
    Gross photosynthetic activity by phytoplankton is directed to linear and alternative electron pathways that generate ATP, reductant, and fix carbon. Ultimately less than half is directed to net growth. Here we present a ...
  • An autonomous, in situ light-dark bottle device for determining community respiration and net community production 

    Collins, James R.; Fucile, Paul D.; McDonald, Glenn; Ossolinski, Justin E.; Keil, Richard G.; Valdes, James R.; Doney, Scott C.; Van Mooy, Benjamin A. S. (2018-03)
    We describe a new, autonomous, incubation-based instrument that is deployed in situ to determine rates of gross community respiration and net community production in marine and aquatic ecosystems. During deployments at ...
  • Sulfur isotopes in rivers : insights into global weathering budgets, pyrite oxidation, and the modern sulfur cycle 

    Burke, Andrea; Present, Theodore M.; Paris, Guillaume; Rae, Emily C. M.; Sandilands, Brodie H.; Gaillardet, Jerome; Peucker-Ehrenbrink, Bernhard; Fischer, Woodward W.; McClelland, James W.; Spencer, Robert G. M.; Voss, Britta M.; Adkins, Jess F. (2018-05)
    The biogeochemical sulfur cycle is intimately linked to the cycles of carbon, iron, and oxygen, and plays an important role in global climate via weathering reactions and aerosols. However, many aspects of the modern budget ...
  • Alkenones as a promising green alternative for waxes in cosmetics and personal care products 

    McIntosh, Kyle; Smith, Amber; Young, Lisa K.; Leitch, Michael A.; Tiwari, Amit K.; Reddy, Christopher M.; O’Neil, Gregory W.; Liberatore, Matthew W.; Chandler, Mark; Baki, Gabriella (MDPI AG, 2018-06-05)
    The move toward green, sustainable, natural products has been growing in the cosmetic and personal care industry. Ingredients derived from marine organisms and algae are present in many cosmetic products. In this study, a ...
  • Discrete organic phosphorus signatures are evident in pollutant sources within a Lake Erie tributary 

    Brooker, Michael R.; Longnecker, Krista; Kujawinski, Elizabeth B.; Evert, M. H.; Mouser, Paula J. (2018-05)
    Phosphorus loads are strongly associated with the severity of harmful algal blooms in Lake Erie, a Great Lake situated between the United States and Canada. Inorganic and total phosphorus measurements have historically ...
  • Barium isotope evidence for pervasive sediment recycling in the upper mantle 

    Nielsen, Sune G.; Horner, Tristan J.; Pryer, Helena V.; Blusztajn, Jerzy S.; Shu, Yunchao; Kurz, Mark D.; Le Roux, Véronique (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2018-07-11)
    The upper mantle, as sampled by mid-ocean ridge basalts (MORBs), exhibits significant chemical variability unrelated to mechanisms of melt extraction at ridges. We show that barium isotope variations in global MORBs vary ...
  • The effect of sample drying temperature on marine particulate organic carbon composition 

    Rosengard, Sarah Z.; Lam, Phoebe J.; McNichol, Ann P.; Johnson, Carl G.; Galy, Valier (2018-02)
    Compositional changes in marine particulate organic carbon (POC) throughout the water column trace important processes that underlie the biological pump’s efficiency. While labor-intensive, particle sampling efforts offer ...
  • Evidence of an active volcanic heat source beneath the Pine Island Glacier 

    Loose, Brice; Naveira Garabato, Alberto C.; Schlosser, Peter; Jenkins, William J.; Vaughan, David; Heywood, Karen J. (Nature Publishing Group, 2018-06-22)
    Tectonic landforms reveal that the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) lies atop a major volcanic rift system. However, identifying subglacial volcanism is challenging. Here we show geochemical evidence of a volcanic heat ...
  • Assessing phytoplankton nutritional status and potential impact of wet deposition in seasonally oligotrophic waters of the Mid‐Atlantic Bight 

    Sedwick, Peter N.; Bernhardt, Peter W.; Mulholland, Margaret R.; Najjar, Raymond G.; Blumen, L. M.; Sohst, Bettina M.; Sookhdeo, C.; Widner, Brittany (John Wiley & Sons, 2018-04-06)
    To assess phytoplankton nutritional status in seasonally oligotrophic waters of the southern Mid‐Atlantic Bight, and the potential for rain to stimulate primary production in this region during summer, shipboard bioassay ...
  • Spatial and temporal robustness of Sr/Ca‐SST calibrations in Red Sea corals : evidence for influence of mean annual temperature on calibration slopes 

    Murty, Sujata A.; Bernstein, Whitney N.; Ossolinski, Justin E.; Davis, R. S.; Goodkin, Nathalie F.; Hughen, Konrad A. (John Wiley & Sons, 2018-05-09)
    Sr/Ca ratios recorded in the aragonite skeleton of massive coral colonies are commonly used to reconstruct seasonal‐ to centennial‐scale variability in sea surface temperature (SST). While the Sr/Ca paleothermometer is ...
  • Effects of particle composition on thorium scavenging in the North Atlantic 

    Lerner, Paul; Marchal, Olivier; Lam, Phoebe J.; Solow, Andrew R. (2018-04)
    The dependence of thorium scavenging by particles on particle composition is examined at selected stations of the U.S. GEOTRACES North Atlantic Section (GA03). Scavenging is here described by the apparent, first-order ...
  • How choice of depth horizon influences the estimated spatial patterns and global magnitude of ocean carbon export flux 

    Palevsky, Hilary I.; Doney, Scott C. (John Wiley & Sons, 2018-05-05)
    Estimated rates and efficiency of ocean carbon export flux are sensitive to differences in the depth horizons used to define export, which often vary across methodological approaches. We evaluate sinking particulate organic ...
  • The molecular products and biogeochemical significance of lipid photooxidation in West Antarctic surface waters 

    Collins, James R.; Fredricks, Helen F.; Bowman, Jeff S.; Ward, Collin P.; Moreno, Carly; Longnecker, Krista; Marchetti, Adrian; Hansel, Colleen M.; Ducklow, Hugh W.; Van Mooy, Benjamin A. S. (2018-04)
    The seasonal depletion of stratospheric ozone over the Southern Hemisphere allows abnormally high doses of ultraviolet radiation (UVR) to reach surface waters of the West Antarctic Peninsula (WAP) in the austral spring, ...
  • Export of strongly diluted Greenland meltwater from a major glacial fjord 

    Beaird, Nicholas; Straneo, Fiamma; Jenkins, William J. (John Wiley & Sons, 2018-05-05)
    The Greenland Ice Sheet has been, and will continue, losing mass at an accelerating rate. The influence of this anomalous meltwater discharge on the regional and large‐scale ocean could be considerable but remains poorly ...
  • Primary productivity below the seafloor at deep-sea hot springs 

    McNichol, Jesse C.; Stryhanyuk, Hryhoriy; Sylva, Sean P.; Thomas, François; Musat, Niculina; Seewald, Jeffrey S.; Sievert, Stefan M. (National Academy of Sciences, 2018-06-11)
    The existence of a chemosynthetic subseafloor biosphere was immediately recognized when deep-sea hot springs were discovered in 1977. However, quantifying how much new carbon is fixed in this environment has remained ...
  • The origin and role of organic matrix in coral calcification: insights from comparing coral skeleton and abiogenic aragonite 

    DeCarlo, Thomas M.; Ren, Haojia; Farfan, Gabriela A. (Frontiers Media, 2018-05-15)
    Understanding the mechanisms of coral calcification is critical for accurately projecting coral reef futures under ocean acidification and warming. Recent suggestions that calcification is primarily controlled by organic ...
  • Photochemical oxidation of oil reduced the effectiveness of aerial dispersants applied in response to the Deepwater Horizon spill 

    Ward, Collin P.; Armstrong, Cassia J.; Conmy, Robyn N.; French-McCay, Deborah P.; Reddy, Christopher M. (American Chemical Society, 2018-04-25)
    Chemical dispersants are one of many tools used to mitigate the overall environmental impact of oil spills. In principle, dispersants break up floating oil into small droplets that disperse into the water column where they ...
  • The Ra-226–Ba relationship in the North Atlantic during GEOTRACES-GA01 

    Le Roy, Emilie; Sanial, Virginie; Charette, Matthew A.; van Beek, Pieter; Lacan, Francois; Jacquet, Stéphanie H. M.; Henderson, Paul B.; Souhaut, Marc; García-Ibáñez, Maribel I.; Jeandel, Catherine; Perez, Fiz F.; Sarthou, Geraldine (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2018-05-17)
    We report detailed sections of radium-226 (226Ra, T1∕2 =  1602 years) activities and barium (Ba) concentrations determined in the North Atlantic (Portugal–Greenland–Canada) in the framework of the international GEOTRACES ...
  • Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry facility : recent improvements and applications 

    Frew, Nelson M.; Sawdo, Richard M. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1980-03)
    Marine organic and organic geochemical studies require the best available performance in trace analysis of organic compounds in environmental samples. This report briefly outlines some of the recent improvements in the ...

View more