Research in MC&G ranges from the glacial history of the Antarctic ice sheet and the formation of surface films in the upper micron of the ocean to the cycling of carbon through various ocean reservoirs, the history of ocean circulation recorded in the growth bands of coral, and the role of hydrothermal vents and seawater-rock interactions on the composition of the oceans.

Recent Submissions

  • The origin and role of organic matrix in coral calcification: insights from comparing coral skeleton and abiogenic aragonite 

    DeCarlo, Thomas M.; Ren, Haojia; Farfan, Gabriela A. (Frontiers Media, 2018-05-15)
    Understanding the mechanisms of coral calcification is critical for accurately projecting coral reef futures under ocean acidification and warming. Recent suggestions that calcification is primarily controlled by organic ...
  • Photochemical oxidation of oil reduced the effectiveness of aerial dispersants applied in response to the Deepwater Horizon spill 

    Ward, Collin P.; Armstrong, Cassia J.; Conmy, Robyn N.; French-McCay, Deborah P.; Reddy, Christopher M. (American Chemical Society, 2018-04-25)
    Chemical dispersants are one of many tools used to mitigate the overall environmental impact of oil spills. In principle, dispersants break up floating oil into small droplets that disperse into the water column where they ...
  • The Ra-226–Ba relationship in the North Atlantic during GEOTRACES-GA01 

    Le Roy, Emilie; Sanial, Virginie; Charette, Matthew A.; van Beek, Pieter; Lacan, Francois; Jacquet, Stéphanie H. M.; Henderson, Paul B.; Souhaut, Marc; García-Ibáñez, Maribel I.; Jeandel, Catherine; Perez, Fiz F.; Sarthou, Geraldine (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2018-05-17)
    We report detailed sections of radium-226 (226Ra, T1∕2 =  1602 years) activities and barium (Ba) concentrations determined in the North Atlantic (Portugal–Greenland–Canada) in the framework of the international GEOTRACES ...
  • Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry facility : recent improvements and applications 

    Frew, Nelson M.; Sawdo, Richard M. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1980-03)
    Marine organic and organic geochemical studies require the best available performance in trace analysis of organic compounds in environmental samples. This report briefly outlines some of the recent improvements in the ...
  • The role of external inputs and internal cycling in shaping the global ocean cobalt distribution : insights from the first cobalt biogeochemical model 

    Tagliabue, Alessandro; Hawco, Nicholas J.; Bundy, Randelle M.; Landing, William M.; Milne, Angela; Morton, Peter L.; Saito, Mak A. (John Wiley & Sons, 2018-04-16)
    Cobalt is an important micronutrient for ocean microbes as it is present in vitamin B12 and is a co‐factor in various metalloenzymes that catalyze cellular processes. Moreover, when seawater availability of cobalt is ...
  • The deep distributions of helium isotopes, radiocarbon, and noble gases along the U.S. GEOTRACES East Pacific Zonal Transect (GP16) 

    Jenkins, William J.; Lott, Dempsey E.; German, Christopher R.; Cahill, Kevin L.; Goudreau, Joanne; Longworth, Brett E. (2017-03)
    We report the deep distributions of noble gases, helium isotopes, and radiocarbon measured during the U.S. GEOTRACES GP16 East Pacific Zonal Transect between 152 and 77°W at 12- 15°S in the South Pacific. The dominant ...
  • Th-234 as a tracer of particulate export and remineralization in the southeastern tropical Pacific 

    Black, Erin E.; Buesseler, Ken O.; Pike, Steven M.; Lam, Phoebe J. (2017-06)
    Oxygen minimum zones (OMZs) are thought to be regions of decreased carbon attenuation in the upper ocean with a biological pump that could deliver a greater percentage of exported carbon to the mesopelagic relative to ...
  • Distinct siderophores contribute to iron cycling in the mesopelagic at Station ALOHA 

    Bundy, Randelle M.; Boiteau, Rene M.; McLean, Craig; Turk-Kubo, Kendra A.; McIlvin, Matthew R.; Saito, Mak A.; Van Mooy, Benjamin A. S.; Repeta, Daniel J. (Frontiers Media, 2018-03-01)
    The distribution of dissolved iron (Fe), total organic Fe-binding ligands, and siderophores were measured between the surface and 400 m at Station ALOHA, a long term ecological study site in the North Pacific Subtropical ...
  • Salt marsh sediment bacterial communities maintain original population structure after transplantation across a latitudinal gradien 

    Angermeyer, Angus; Crosby, Sarah C.; Huber, Julie A. (PeerJ, 2018-05-01)
    Dispersal and environmental selection are two of the most important factors that govern the distributions of microbial communities in nature. While dispersal rates are often inferred by measuring the degree to which community ...
  • Carbon budget of tidal wetlands, estuaries, and shelf waters of eastern North America 

    Najjar, Raymond G.; Herrmann, Maria; Alexander, Richard; Boyer, Elizabeth W.; Burdige, David J.; Butman, David; Cai, Wei-Jun; Canuel, Elizabeth A.; Chen, Robert F.; Friedrichs, Marjorie A. M.; Feagin, Russell A.; Griffith, Peter C.; Hinson, Audra L.; Holmquist, James R.; Hu, Xinping; Kemp, William M.; Kroeger, Kevin D.; Mannino, Antonio; McCallister, S. Leigh; McGillis, Wade R.; Mulholland, Margaret R.; Pilskaln, Cynthia H.; Salisbury, Joseph E.; Signorini, Sergio R.; St-Laurent, Pierre; Tian, Hanqin; Tzortziou, Maria; Vlahos, Penny; Wang, Zhaohui Aleck; Zimmerman, Richard C. (John Wiley & Sons, 2018-04-04)
    Carbon cycling in the coastal zone affects global carbon budgets and is critical for understanding the urgent issues of hypoxia, acidification, and tidal wetland loss. However, there are no regional carbon budgets spanning ...
  • Oxidative formation and removal of complexed Mn(III) by Pseudomonas species 

    Wright, Mitchell H.; Geszvain, Kati; Oldham, Véronique E.; Luther, George W.; Tebo, Bradley M. (Frontiers Media, 2018-04-12)
    The observation of significant concentrations of soluble Mn(III) complexes in oxic, suboxic, and some anoxic waters has triggered a re-evaluation of the previous Mn paradigm which focused on the cycling between soluble ...
  • A computer program to process data from a direct current plasma emission spectrometer 

    Bankston, Donald C. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1981-10)
    This program processes data from a Spectraspan IIB spectrometer retrofitted with a Spectrajet III plasma excitation source (Spectrametrics, Inc ., Andover, MA). The spectrometer is operated manually and can determine ...
  • Microbial oxidation of lithospheric organic carbon in rapidly eroding tropical mountain soils 

    Hemingway, Jordon D.; Hilton, Robert G.; Hovius, Niels; Eglinton, Timothy I.; Haghipour, Negar; Wacker, Lukas; Chen, Meng-Chiang; Galy, Valier (2018-02-15)
    Lithospheric organic carbon (“petrogenic”; OCpetro) is oxidized during exhumation and subsequent erosion within mountain ranges. This process is a significant source of CO2 to the atmosphere over geologic timescales, but ...
  • Geochemistry of fluids from Earth’s deepest ridge-crest hot-springs : Piccard hydrothermal field, Mid-Cayman Rise 

    McDermott, Jill M.; Sylva, Sean P.; Ono, Shuhei; German, Christopher R.; Seewald, Jeffrey S. (Elsevier, 2018-02-13)
    Hosted in basaltic substrate on the ultra-slow spreading Mid-Cayman Rise, the Piccard hydrothermal field is the deepest currently known seafloor hot-spring (4957–4987 m). Due to its great depth, the Piccard site is an ...
  • The North Atlantic biological pump : insights from the Ocean Observatories Initiative Irminger Sea Array 

    Palevsky, Hilary I.; Nicholson, David P. (The Oceanography Society, 2018-02-09)
    The biological pump plays a key role in the global carbon cycle by transporting photosynthetically fixed organic carbon into the deep ocean, where it can be sequestered from the atmosphere over annual or longer time scales ...
  • Global carbon budget 2017 

    Le Quere, Corinne; Andrew, Robbie M.; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Sitch, Stephen; Pongratz, Julia; Manning, Andrew C.; Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Peters, Glen P.; Canadell, Josep G.; Jackson, Robert B.; Boden, Thomas A.; Tans, Pieter P.; Andrews, Oliver D.; Arora, Vivek K.; Bakker, Dorothee; Barbero, Leticia; Becker, Meike; Betts, Richard A.; Bopp, Laurent; Chevallier, Frédéric; Chini, Louise Parsons; Ciais, Philippe; Cosca, Catherine E.; Cross, Jessica N.; Currie, Kim I.; Gasser, Thomas; Harris, Ian; Hauck, Judith; Haverd, Vanessa; Houghton, Richard A.; Hunt, Christopher W.; Hurtt, George; Ilyina, Tatiana; Jain, Atul K.; Kato, Etsushi; Kautz, Markus; Keeling, Ralph F.; Klein Goldewijk, Kees; Körtzinger, Arne; Landschützer, Peter; Lefèvre, Nathalie; Lenton, Andrew; Lienert, Sebastian; Lima, Ivan D.; Lombardozzi, Danica; Metzl, Nicolas; Millero, Frank J.; Monteiro, Pedro M. S.; Munro, David R.; Nabel, Julia E. M. S.; Nakaoka, Shin-ichiro; Nojiri, Yukihiro; Padin, X. Antonio; Peregon, Anna; Pfeil, Benjamin; Pierrot, Denis; Poulter, Benjamin; Rehder, Gregor; Reimer, Janet; Rödenbeck, Christian; Schwinger, Jorg; Séférian, Roland; Skjelvan, Ingunn; Stocker, Benjamin D.; Tian, Hanqin; Tilbrook, Bronte; Tubiello, Francesco N.; van der Laan-Luijkx, Ingrid T.; van der Werf, Guido R.; van Heuven, Steven; Viovy, Nicolas; Vuichard, Nicolas; Walker, Anthony P.; Watson, Andrew J.; Wiltshire, Andrew J.; Zaehle, Sonke; Zhu, Dan (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2018-03-12)
    Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere – the "global carbon budget" – is important to better understand the global ...
  • Lipidomics of Thalassiosira pseudonana under phosphorus stress reveal underlying phospholipid substitution dynamics and novel diglycosylceramide substitutes 

    Hunter, Jonathan E.; Brandsma, Joost; Dymond, Marcus K.; Koster, Grielof; Moore, C. Mark; Postle, Anthony D.; Mills, Rachel A.; Attard, George S. (American Society for Microbiology, 2018-01-05)
    Phytoplankton replace phosphorus-containing lipids (P-lipids) with non-P analogues, boosting growth in P-limited oceans. In the model diatom Thalassiosira pseudonana, the substitution dynamics of lipid headgroups are well ...
  • Geostatistical analysis of mesoscale spatial variability and error in SeaWiFS and MODIS/Aqua global ocean color data 

    Glover, David M.; Doney, Scott C.; Oestreich, William K.; Tullo, Alisdair W. (John Wiley & Sons, 2018-01-05)
    Mesoscale (10–300 km, weeks to months) physical variability strongly modulates the structure and dynamics of planktonic marine ecosystems via both turbulent advection and environmental impacts upon biological rates. Using ...
  • On the ability of space-based passive and active remote sensing observations of CO2 to detect flux perturbations to the carbon cycle 

    Crowell, Sean M. R.; Kawa, S. Randolph; Browell, Edward V.; Hammerling, Dorit M.; Moore, Berrien; Schaefer, Kevin; Doney, Scott C. (John Wiley & Sons, 2018-01-29)
    Space-borne observations of CO2 are vital to gaining understanding of the carbon cycle in regions of the world that are difficult to measure directly, such as the tropical terrestrial biosphere, the high northern and ...
  • Clumped isotopologue constraints on the origin of methane at seafloor hot springs 

    Wang, David T.; Reeves, Eoghan P.; McDermott, Jill M.; Seewald, Jeffrey S.; Ono, Shuhei (2017-11-12)
    Hot-spring fluids emanating from deep-sea vents hosted in unsedimented ultramafic and mafic rock commonly contain high concentrations of methane. Multiple hypotheses have been proposed for the origin(s) of this methane, ...

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