Research in MC&G ranges from the glacial history of the Antarctic ice sheet and the formation of surface films in the upper micron of the ocean to the cycling of carbon through various ocean reservoirs, the history of ocean circulation recorded in the growth bands of coral, and the role of hydrothermal vents and seawater-rock interactions on the composition of the oceans.

Recent Submissions

  • Observations of carbon export by small sinking particles in the upper mesopelagic 

    Durkin, Colleen A.; Estapa, Margaret L.; Buesseler, Ken O. (Elsevier, 2015-02-27)
    Carbon and nutrients are transported out of the surface ocean and sequestered at depth by sinking particles. Sinking particle sizes span many orders of magnitude and the relative influence of small particles on carbon ...
  • A modified wire clamp system for thirty-liter Niskin bottles 

    Hammar, Terence R.; Sachs, Peter L.; Bacon, Michael P. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1988-11)
    A modified clamping system for 30-liter Niskin bottles, consisting of a wire stop, a socket block, and a toggle clamp, has been designed and has been tested at sea. The modified system makes deployment and recovery of the ...
  • The release and migration of activation products from corrosion-resistant metal specimens in marine sediments 

    Ball, Lary A.; Sayles, Frederick L. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1988-08)
  • Carbon export and transfer to depth across the Southern Ocean Great Calcite Belt 

    Rosengard, Sarah Z.; Lam, Phoebe J.; Balch, William M.; Auro, Maureen E.; Pike, Steven M.; Drapeau, David T.; Bowler, Bruce C. (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2015-07-02)
    Sequestration of carbon by the marine biological pump depends on the processes that alter, remineralize, and preserve particulate organic carbon (POC) during transit to the deep ocean. Here, we present data collected from ...
  • Multicentury changes in ocean and land contributions to the climate-carbon feedback 

    Randerson, James T.; Lindsay, Keith; Munoz, E.; Fu, W.; Moore, J. Keith; Hoffman, Forrest M.; Mahowald, Natalie M.; Doney, Scott C. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-06-02)
    Improved constraints on carbon cycle responses to climate change are needed to inform mitigation policy, yet our understanding of how these responses may evolve after 2100 remains highly uncertain. Using the Community Earth ...
  • Ocean circulation and biogeochemistry moderate interannual and decadal surface water pH changes in the Sargasso Sea 

    Goodkin, Nathalie F.; Wang, Bo-Shian; You, Chen-Feng; Hughen, Konrad A.; Grumet-Prouty, Nancy; Bates, Nicholas R.; Doney, Scott C. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-06-25)
    The oceans absorb anthropogenic CO2 from the atmosphere, lowering surface ocean pH, a concern for calcifying marine organisms. The impact of ocean acidification is challenging to predict as each species appears to respond ...
  • N-loss isotope effects in the Peru oxygen minimum zone studied using a mesoscale eddy as a natural tracer experiment 

    Bourbonnais, Annie; Altabet, Mark A.; Charoenpong, Chawalit N.; Larkum, Jennifer; Hu, Haibei; Bange, Hermann W.; Stramma, Lothar (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-06-06)
    Mesoscale eddies in Oxygen Minimum Zones (OMZs) have been identified as important fixed nitrogen (N) loss hotspots that may significantly impact both the global rate of N-loss as well as the ocean's N isotope budget. They ...
  • Erosion of organic carbon in the Arctic as a geological carbon dioxide sink 

    Hilton, Robert G.; Galy, Valier; Gaillardet, Jerome; Dellinger, Mathieu; Bryant, Charlotte; O'Regan, Matt; Grocke, Darren R.; Coxall, Helen; Bouchez, Julien; Calmels, Damien (2015-05-12)
    Soils of the northern high latitudes store carbon over millennial timescales (103 yrs) and contain approximately double the carbon stock of the atmosphere1-3. Warming and associated permafrost thaw can expose soil organic ...
  • Divergent responses of Atlantic coastal and oceanic Synechococcus to iron limitation 

    Mackey, Katherine R. M.; Post, Anton F.; McIlvin, Matthew R.; Cutter, Gregory A.; John, Seth G.; Saito, Mak A. (2015-06-19)
    Marine Synechococcus are some of the most diverse and ubiquitous phytoplankton, and iron (Fe) is an essential micronutrient that limits productivity in many parts of the ocean. To investigate how coastal and oceanic Atlantic ...
  • The effect of nutrients on carbon and nitrogen fixation by the UCYN-A–haptophyte symbiosis 

    Krupke, Andreas; Mohr, Wiebke; LaRoche, Julie; Fuchs, Bernhard M.; Amann, Rudolf I.; Kuypers, Marcel M. M. (2014-11-19)
    Symbiotic relationships between phytoplankton and N2-fixing microorganisms play a crucial role in marine ecosystems. The abundant and widespread unicellular cyanobacteria group A (UCYN-A) has recently been found to live ...
  • And on top of all that… coping with ocean acidification in the midst of many stressors 

    Breitburg, Denise L.; Salisbury, Joseph E.; Bernhard, Joan M.; Cai, Wei-Jun; Dupont, Sam; Doney, Scott C.; Kroeker, Kristy J.; Levin, Lisa A.; Long, W. Christopher; Milke, Lisa M.; Miller, Seth H.; Phelan, Beth; Passow, Uta; Seibel, Brad A.; Todgham, Anne E.; Tarrant, Ann M. (The Oceanography Society, 2015-06)
    Oceanic and coastal waters are acidifying due to processes dominated in the open ocean by increasing atmospheric CO2 and dominated in estuaries and some coastal waters by nutrient-fueled respiration. The patterns and ...
  • Global carbon budget 2014 

    Le Quere, Corinne; Moriarty, R.; Andrew, R. M.; Peters, G. P.; Ciais, Philippe; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Jones, S. D.; Sitch, Stephen; Tans, Pieter P.; Arneth, Almut; Boden, T. A.; Bopp, Laurent; Bozec, Yann; Canadell, Josep G.; Chini, L. P.; Chevallier, F.; Cosca, C. E.; Harris, I.; Hoppema, Mario; Houghton, Richard A.; House, J. I.; Jain, Atul K.; Johannessen, T.; Kato, E.; Keeling, R. F.; Kitidis, V.; Klein Goldewijk, K.; Koven, C.; Landa, C. S.; Landschutzer, P.; Lenton, A.; Lima, Ivan D.; Marland, G.; Mathis, Jeremy T.; Metzl, Nicolas; Nojiri, Yukihiro; Olsen, A.; Ono, T.; Peng, S.; Peters, W.; Pfeil, Benjamin; Poulter, Benjamin; Raupach, M. R.; Regnier, P.; Rodenbeck, C.; Saito, S.; Salisbury, Joseph E.; Schuster, Ute; Schwinger, J.; Seferian, R.; Segschneider, J.; Steinhoff, T.; Stocker, B. D.; Sutton, A. J.; Takahashi, Taro; Tilbrook, Bronte; van der Werf, Guido R.; Viovy, N.; Wang, Y.-P.; Wanninkhof, Rik; Wiltshire, A.; Zeng, Ning (Copernicus Publications, 2015-05-08)
    Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere is important to better understand the global carbon cycle, support the ...
  • Ocean acidification in the surface waters of the Pacific-Arctic boundary regions 

    Mathis, Jeremy T.; Cross, Jessica N.; Evans, Wiley; Doney, Scott C. (The Oceanography Society, 2015-06)
    The continental shelves of the Pacific-Arctic Region (PAR) are especially vulnerable to the effects of ocean acidification (OA) because the intrusion of anthropogenic CO2 is not the only process that can reduce pH and ...
  • Ocean and coastal acidification off New England and Nova Scotia 

    Gledhill, Dwight K.; White, Meredith M.; Salisbury, Joseph E.; Thomas, Helmuth; Mlsna, Ivy; Liebman, Matthew; Mook, Bill; Grear, Jason; Candelmo, Allison C.; Chambers, R. Christopher; Gobler, Christopher J.; Hunt, Christopher W.; King, Andrew L.; Price, Nichole N.; Signorini, Sergio R.; Stancioff, Esperanza; Stymiest, Cassie; Wahle, Richard A.; Waller, Jesica D.; Rebuck, Nathan D.; Wang, Zhaohui Aleck; Capson, Todd L.; Morrison, J. Ruairidh; Cooley, Sarah R.; Doney, Scott C. (The Oceanography Society, 2015-06)
    New England coastal and adjacent Nova Scotia shelf waters have a reduced buffering capacity because of significant freshwater input, making the region’s waters potentially more vulnerable to coastal acidification. Nutrient ...
  • Data management strategy to improve global use of ocean acidification data and information 

    Garcia, Hernan E.; Cosca, Cathy; Kozyr, Alex; Mayorga, Emilio; Chandler, Cynthia L.; Thomas, Robert W.; O’Brien, Kevin; Appeltans, Ward; Hankin, Steve; Newton, Jan A.; Gutierrez, Angelica; Gattuso, Jean-Pierre; Hansson, Lina; Zweng, Melissa; Pfeil, Benjamin (The Oceanography Society, 2015-06)
    Ocean acidification (OA) refers to the general decrease in pH of the global ocean as a result of absorbing anthropogenic CO2 emitted in the atmosphere since preindustrial times (Sabine et al., 2004). There is, however, ...
  • Understanding, characterizing, and communicating responses to ocean acidification : challenges and uncertainties 

    Busch, D. Shallin; O’Donnell, Michael J.; Hauri, Claudine; Mach, Katharine J.; Poach, Matthew; Doney, Scott C.; Signorini, Sergio R. (The Oceanography Society, 2015-06)
    Over the past decade, ocean acidification (OA) has emerged as a major concern in ocean science. The field of OA is based on certainties—uptake of carbon dioxide into the global ocean alters its carbon chemistry, and many ...
  • Polyparameter linear free energy relationship for wood char–water sorption coefficients of organic sorbates 

    Plata, Desiree L.; Hemingway, Jordon D.; Gschwend, Philip M. (2015-01)
    Black carbons (BCs), including soots, chars, activated carbons, and engineered nanocarbons, have different surface properties, but we do not know to what extent these affect their sorbent properties. To evaluate this for ...
  • Microbial- and thiosulfate-mediated dissolution of mercury sulfide minerals and transformation to gaseous mercury 

    Vazquez-Rodriguez, Adiari I.; Hansel, Colleen M.; Zhang, Tong; Lamborg, Carl H.; Santelli, Cara M.; Webb, Samuel M.; Brooks, Scott C. (Frontiers Media, 2015-06-23)
    Mercury (Hg) is a toxic heavy metal that poses significant environmental and human health risks. Soils and sediments, where Hg can exist as the Hg sulfide mineral metacinnabar (β-HgS), represent major Hg reservoirs in ...
  • Quantifying subtropical North Pacific gyre mixed layer primary productivity from Seaglider observations of diel oxygen cycles 

    Nicholson, David P.; Wilson, Samuel T.; Doney, Scott C.; Karl, David M. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-05-22)
    Using autonomous underwater gliders, we quantified diurnal periodicity in dissolved oxygen, chlorophyll, and temperature in the subtropical North Pacific near the Hawaii Ocean Time-series (HOT) Station ALOHA during summer ...
  • Seagrass metabolism across a productivity gradient using the eddy covariance, Eulerian control volume, and biomass addition techniques 

    Long, Matthew H.; Berg, Peter; Falter, James L. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-05-22)
    The net ecosystem metabolism of the seagrass Thalassia testudinum was studied across a nutrient and productivity gradient in Florida Bay, Florida, using the Eulerian control volume, eddy covariance, and biomass addition ...

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