Research in MC&G ranges from the glacial history of the Antarctic ice sheet and the formation of surface films in the upper micron of the ocean to the cycling of carbon through various ocean reservoirs, the history of ocean circulation recorded in the growth bands of coral, and the role of hydrothermal vents and seawater-rock interactions on the composition of the oceans.

Recent Submissions

  • Decolorization improves the fuel properties of algal biodiesel from Isochrysis sp. 

    O’Neil, Gregory W.; Knothe, Gerhard; Williams, John R.; Burlow, Noah P.; Reddy, Christopher M. (2016-03)
    Results from the comprehensive fuel testing according to American Society for Testing and Materials International (ASTM) standards of an alkenone-free and decolorized biodiesel produced from the industrially grown marine ...
  • Methanol production by a broad phylogenetic array of marine phytoplankton 

    Mincer, Tracy J.; Aicher, Athena C. (Public Library of Science, 2016-03-10)
    Methanol is a major volatile organic compound on Earth and serves as an important carbon and energy substrate for abundant methylotrophic microbes. Previous geochemical surveys coupled with predictive models suggest that ...
  • Gross and microscopic lesions in corals from Micronesia 

    Work, Thierry M.; Aeby, Greta S.; Hughen, Konrad A. (2015-03)
    We documented gross and microscopic morphology of lesions in corals on seven islands spanning western, southern, and eastern Micronesia. We sampled 76 colonies comprising 30 species of corals among 18 genera with Acropora, ...
  • Biosynthesis of coral settlement cue tetrabromopyrrole in marine bacteria by a uniquely adapted brominase-thioesterase enzyme pair 

    El Gamal, Abrahim; Agarwal, Vinayak; Diethelm, Stefan; Rahman, Imran; Schorn, Michelle A.; Sneed, Jennifer M.; Louie, Gordon V.; Whalen, Kristen E.; Mincer, Tracy J.; Noel, Joseph P.; Paul, Valerie J.; Moore, Bradley S. (2016-02)
    Halogenated pyrroles (halopyrroles) are common chemical moieties found in bioactive bacterial natural products. The halopyrrole moieties of mono- and di- halopyrrole-containing compounds arise from a conserved mechanism ...
  • Neodymium isotope analyses after combined extraction of actinide and lanthanide elements from seawater and deep-sea coral aragonite 

    Struve, Torben; van de Flierdt, Tina; Robinson, Laura F.; Bradtmiller, Louisa I.; Hines, Sophia K.; Adkins, Jess F.; Lambelet, Myriam; Crocket, Kirsty C.; Kreissig, Katharina; Coles, Barry; Auro, Maureen E. (John Wiley & Sons, 2016-01-09)
    Isotopes of the actinide elements protactinium (Pa), thorium (Th), and uranium (U), and the lanthanide element neodymium (Nd) are often used as complementary tracers of modern and past oceanic processes. The extraction of ...
  • The Guaymas Basin hiking guide to hydrothermal mounds, chimneys, and microbial mats : complex seafloor expressions of subsurface hydrothermal circulation 

    Teske, Andreas; de Beer, Dirk; McKay, Luke J.; Tivey, Margaret K.; Biddle, Jennifer F.; Hoer, Daniel; Lloyd, Karen G.; Lever, Mark A.; Røy, Hans; Albert, Daniel B.; Mendlovitz, Howard P.; MacGregor, Barbara J. (Frontiers Media, 2016-02-18)
    The hydrothermal mats, mounds, and chimneys of the southern Guaymas Basin are the surface expression of complex subsurface hydrothermal circulation patterns. In this overview, we document the most frequently visited features ...
  • Global Carbon Budget 2015 

    Le Quere, Corinne; Moriarty, Roisin; Andrew, Robbie M.; Canadell, Josep G.; Sitch, Stephen; Korsbakken, Jan Ivar; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Peters, Glen P.; Andres, Robert J.; Boden, T. A.; Houghton, Richard A.; House, Jo I.; Keeling, Ralph F.; Tans, Pieter P.; Arneth, Almut; Bakker, Dorothee C. E.; Barbero, Leticia; Bopp, Laurent; Chang, J.; Chevallier, F.; Chini, Louise Parsons; Ciais, Philippe; Fader, Marianela; Feely, Richard A.; Gkritzalis, Thanos; Harris, Ian; Hauck, Judith; Ilyina, Tatiana; Jain, Atul K.; Kato, Etsushi; Kitidis, Vassilis; Klein Goldewijk, Kees; Koven, Charles; Landschutzer, Peter; Lauvset, Siv K.; Lefevre, N.; Lenton, A.; Lima, Ivan D.; Metzl, Nicolas; Millero, Frank J.; Munro, D. R.; Murata, Akihiko; Nabel, Julia E. M. S.; Nakaoka, Shin-ichiro; Nojiri, Yukihiro; O'Brien, Kevin; Olsen, Are; Ono, Tsuneo; Perez, Fiz F.; Pfeil, Benjamin; Pierrot, Denis; Poulter, Benjamin; Rehder, Gregor; Rodenbeck, C.; Saito, Shu; Schuster, Ute; Schwinger, Jorg; Seferian, Roland; Steinhoff, Tobias; Stocker, B. D.; Sutton, Adrienne J.; Takahashi, Taro; Tilbrook, Bronte; van der Laan-Luijkx, I. T.; van der Werf, Guido R.; van Heuven, Steven; Vandemark, Doug; Viovy, N.; Wiltshire, A.; Zaehle, Sonke; Zeng, Ning (Copernicus Publications, 2015-12-07)
    Accurate assessment of anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions and their redistribution among the atmosphere, ocean, and terrestrial biosphere is important to better understand the global carbon cycle, support the ...
  • Rare earth elements (REEs) in the tropical South Atlantic and quantitative deconvolution of their non-conservative behavior 

    Zheng, Xin-Yuan; Plancherel, Yves; Saito, Mak A.; Scott, Peter M.; Henderson, Gideon M. (2016-01-24)
    This study presents new concentration measurements of dissolved REEs (dREEs) along a full-depth east-west section across the tropical South Atlantic (~12°S), and uses these data to investigate the oceanic cycling of the ...
  • Continuous measurements of dissolved Ne, Ar, Kr, and Xe ratios with a field-deployable gas equilibration mass spectrometer 

    Manning, Cara C.; Stanley, Rachel H. R.; Lott, Dempsey E. (2016-01-30)
    Noble gases dissolved in natural waters are useful tracers for quantifying physical processes. Here, we describe a field-deployable gas equilibration mass spectrometer (GEMS) that provides continuous, real-time measurements ...
  • Triple oxygen isotopic composition of the high-3He/4He mantle 

    Starkey, Natalie A.; Jackson, Colin R. M.; Greenwood, Richard C.; Parman, Stephen W.; Franchi, Ian A.; Jackson, Matthew; Fitton, J. Godfrey; Stuart, Fin M.; Kurz, Mark D.; Larsen, Lotte M. (Elsevier, 2016-01-02)
    Measurements of Xe isotope ratios in ocean island basalts (OIB) suggest that Earth’s mantle accreted heterogeneously, and that compositional remnants of accretion are sampled by modern, high-3He/4He OIB associated with the ...
  • Deciphering ocean carbon in a changing world 

    Moran, Mary Ann; Kujawinski, Elizabeth B.; Stubbins, Aron; Fatland, Rob; Aluwihare, Lihini I.; Buchan, Alison; Crump, Byron C.; Dorrestein, Pieter C.; Dyhrman, Sonya T.; Hess, Nancy J.; Howe, Bill; Longnecker, Krista; Medeiros, Patricia M.; Niggemann, Jutta; Obernosterer, Ingrid; Repeta, Daniel J.; Waldbauer, Jacob R. (2016-01-13)
    Dissolved organic matter (DOM) in the oceans is one of the largest pools of reduced carbon on Earth, comparable in size to the atmospheric CO2 reservoir. A vast number of compounds are present in DOM and they play important ...
  • Analysis of high-precision vanadium isotope ratios by medium resolution MC-ICP-MS 

    Nielsen, Sune G.; Owens, Jeremy D.; Horner, Tristan J. (2015-11)
    We present and verify a new method to measure vanadium isotope ratios using a Thermo Scientific Neptune multi-collector inductively-coupled plasma mass spectrometer (MCICP- MS) operated in medium mass resolution mode. ...
  • The release and migration of activation products from corrosion-resistant metal specimens in marine sediments 

    Sayles, Frederick L.; Ball, Lary A. (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1986-03)
    An investigation of the release of Ni-63, Co-60, and Fe-55 from Inconel 600 and 347SS stainless steel specimens implanted in marine sediment for one year is described. Radiochemical analysis of the sediment from overcores ...
  • Spatial and temporal trends in summertime climate and water quality indicators in the coastal embayments of Buzzards Bay, Massachusetts 

    Rheuban, Jennie E.; Williamson, Shanna; Costa, Joe E.; Glover, David M.; Jakuba, Rachel W.; McCorkle, Daniel C.; Neill, Christopher; Williams, Tony; Doney, Scott C. (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2016-01-15)
    Degradation of coastal ecosystems by eutrophication is largely defined by nitrogen loading from land via surface water and groundwater flows. However, indicators of water quality are highly variable due to a myriad of other ...
  • Molecular determination of marine iron ligands by mass spectrometry 

    Boiteau, Rene M. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2016-02)
    Marine microbes produce a wide variety of metal binding organic ligands that regulate the solubility and availability of biologically important metals such as iron, copper, cobalt, and zinc. In marine environments where ...
  • Colored dissolved organic matter in shallow estuaries : relationships between carbon sources and light attenuation 

    Oestreich, William K.; Ganju, Neil K.; Pohlman, John W.; Suttles, Steven E. (Copernicus Publications on behalf of the European Geosciences Union, 2016-02-02)
    Light availability is of primary importance to the ecological function of shallow estuaries. For example, benthic primary production by submerged aquatic vegetation is contingent upon light penetration to the seabed. A ...
  • A bacterial quorum-sensing precursor induces mortality in the marine coccolithophore, Emiliania huxleyi 

    Harvey, Elizabeth L.; Deering, Robert W.; Rowley, David C.; El Gamal, Abrahim; Schorn, Michelle A.; Moore, Bradley S.; Johnson, Matthew D.; Mincer, Tracy J.; Whalen, Kristen E. (Frontiers Media, 2016-02-03)
    Interactions between phytoplankton and bacteria play a central role in mediating biogeochemical cycling and food web structure in the ocean. However, deciphering the chemical drivers of these interspecies interactions ...
  • Multimolecular tracers of terrestrial carbon transfer across the pan-Arctic : 14C characteristics of sedimentary carbon components and their environmental controls 

    Feng, Xiaojuan; Gustafsson, Orjan; Holmes, Robert M.; Vonk, Jorien E.; van Dongen, Bart E.; Semiletov, Igor P.; Dudarev, Oleg V.; Yunker, Mark B.; Macdonald, Robie W.; Wacker, Lukas; Montlucon, Daniel B.; Eglinton, Timothy I. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-11-02)
    Distinguishing the sources, ages, and fate of various terrestrial organic carbon (OC) pools mobilized from heterogeneous Arctic landscapes is key to assessing climatic impacts on the fluvial release of carbon from permafrost. ...
  • Nitrogen cycling in the secondary nitrite maximum of the eastern tropical North Pacific off Costa Rica 

    Buchwald, Carolyn; Santoro, Alyson E.; Stanley, Rachel H. R.; Casciotti, Karen L. (John Wiley & Sons, 2015-12-15)
    Nitrite is a central intermediate in the marine nitrogen cycle and represents a critical juncture where nitrogen can be reduced to the less bioavailable N2 gas or oxidized to nitrate and retained in a more bioavailable ...
  • Chromium isotope fractionation during subduction-related metamorphism, black shale weathering, and hydrothermal alteration 

    Wang, Xiangli; Planavsky, Noah J.; Reinhard, Christopher T.; Zou, Huijuan; Ague, Jay J.; Wu, Yuanbao; Gill, Benjamin C.; Schwarzenbach, Esther M.; Peucker-Ehrenbrink, Bernhard (2016-01)
    Chromium (Cr) isotopes are an emerging proxy for redox processes at Earth’s surface. However, many geological reservoirs and isotope fractionation processes are still not well understood. The purpose of this contribution ...

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