Biogeochemical protocols and diagnostics for the CMIP6 Ocean Model Intercomparison Project (OMIP)

Thumbnail Image
Date
2017-06-09
Authors
Orr, James C.
Najjar, Raymond G.
Aumont, Olivier
Bopp, Laurent
Bullister, John L.
Danabasoglu, Gokhan
Doney, Scott C.
Dunne, John P.
Dutay, Jean-Claude
Graven, Heather
Griffies, Stephen M.
John, Jasmin G.
Joos, Fortunat
Levin, Ingeborg
Lindsay, Keith
Matear, Richard J.
McKinley, Galen A.
Mouchet, Anne
Oschlies, Andreas
Romanou, Anastasia
Schlitzer, Reiner
Tagliabue, Alessandro
Tanhua, Toste
Yool, Andrew
Alternative Title
Date Created
Location
DOI
10.5194/gmd-10-2169-2017
Related Materials
Replaces
Replaced By
Keywords
Abstract
The Ocean Model Intercomparison Project (OMIP) focuses on the physics and biogeochemistry of the ocean component of Earth system models participating in the sixth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP6). OMIP aims to provide standard protocols and diagnostics for ocean models, while offering a forum to promote their common assessment and improvement. It also offers to compare solutions of the same ocean models when forced with reanalysis data (OMIP simulations) vs. when integrated within fully coupled Earth system models (CMIP6). Here we detail simulation protocols and diagnostics for OMIP's biogeochemical and inert chemical tracers. These passive-tracer simulations will be coupled to ocean circulation models, initialized with observational data or output from a model spin-up, and forced by repeating the 1948–2009 surface fluxes of heat, fresh water, and momentum. These so-called OMIP-BGC simulations include three inert chemical tracers (CFC-11, CFC-12, SF6) and biogeochemical tracers (e.g., dissolved inorganic carbon, carbon isotopes, alkalinity, nutrients, and oxygen). Modelers will use their preferred prognostic BGC model but should follow common guidelines for gas exchange and carbonate chemistry. Simulations include both natural and total carbon tracers. The required forced simulation (omip1) will be initialized with gridded observational climatologies. An optional forced simulation (omip1-spunup) will be initialized instead with BGC fields from a long model spin-up, preferably for 2000 years or more, and forced by repeating the same 62-year meteorological forcing. That optional run will also include abiotic tracers of total dissolved inorganic carbon and radiocarbon, CTabio and 14CTabio, to assess deep-ocean ventilation and distinguish the role of physics vs. biology. These simulations will be forced by observed atmospheric histories of the three inert gases and CO2 as well as carbon isotope ratios of CO2. OMIP-BGC simulation protocols are founded on those from previous phases of the Ocean Carbon-Cycle Model Intercomparison Project. They have been merged and updated to reflect improvements concerning gas exchange, carbonate chemistry, and new data for initial conditions and atmospheric gas histories. Code is provided to facilitate their implementation.
Description
© The Author(s), 2017. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Geoscientific Model Development 10 (2017): 2169-2199, doi:10.5194/gmd-10-2169-2017.
Embargo Date
Citation
Geoscientific Model Development 10 (2017): 2169-2199
Cruises
Cruise ID
Cruise DOI
Vessel Name
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 3.0 Unported