Seafloor borehole array seismic system (SEABASS)

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Stephen, Ralph A.
Koelsch, Donald E.
Berteaux, Henri O.
Bocconcelli, Alessandro
Bolmer, S. Thompson
Cretin, J.
Etourmy, N.
Fabre, A.
Goldsborough, Robert G.
Gould, Matthew R.
Kery, Sean M.
Laurent, J.
Omnes, G.
Peal, Kenneth R.
Swift, Stephen A.
Turpening, R.
Zani, A. Cleo
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Very Low Frequency (VLF) sound fields (2-50 Hz)
Seafloor Borehole Array Seismic System (SEABASS)
Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP).
Low Frequency Acoustic-Seismic Experiment (LFASE)
The Seafloor Borehole Array Seismic System (SEABASS) has been developed to measure the pressure and three dimensional particle velocity of the VLF sound field (2-50HZ) below the seafloor in the deep ocean (water depths of up to 6km). The system consists off our three-component borehole seismometers (with an optional hydrophone), a borehole digitizing unit, and a seafloor control and recording package. The system can be deployed using a wire line re-entry capability from a conventional research vessel in Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) and Ocean Drilling Project (ODP) boreholes. Data from below the seafloor are acquired either on-board the research vessel via coaxial tether or remotely on the seafloor in a self-contained package. If necessary the data module from the seafloor package can be released independently and recovered on the surface. This paper describes the engineering specifications of SEABASS, the tests that were carried out, and preliminary results from an actual deep sea deployment. Ambient noise levels beneath the seafloor acquired on the Low Frequency Acoustic-Seismic Experiment (LFASE) are within 20dB of levels from previous seafloor borehole seismic experiments and from land borehole measurements. The ambient noise observed on LFASE decreases by up to 12dB in the upper 100m of the seafloor in a sedimentary environment.
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