On the mechanical effects of poroelastic crystal mush in classical magma chamber models

dc.contributor.author Liao, Yang
dc.contributor.author Soule, S. Adam
dc.contributor.author Jones, Meghan
dc.date.accessioned 2019-01-29T20:42:14Z
dc.date.available 2019-03-30T08:44:24Z
dc.date.issued 2018-09-30
dc.description Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2018. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth 123(11), (2018): 9376-9406. doi: 10.1029/2018JB015985. en_US
dc.description.abstract Improved constraints on the mechanical behavior of magma chambers is essential for understanding volcanic processes; however, the role of crystal mush on the mechanical evolution of magma chambers has not yet been systematically studied. Existing magma chamber models typically consider magma chambers to be isolated melt bodies surrounded by elastic crust. In this study, we develop a physical model to account for the presence and properties of crystal mush in magma chambers and investigate its impact on the mechanical processes during and after injection of new magma. Our model assumes the magma chamber to be a spherical body consisting of a liquid core of fluid magma within a shell of crystal mush that behaves primarily as a poroelastic material. We investigate the characteristics of time‐dependent evolution in the magma chamber, both during and after the injection, and find that quantities such as overpressure and tensile stress continue to evolve after the injection has stopped, a feature that is absent in elastic (mushless) models. The time scales relevant to the postinjection evolution vary from hours to thousands of years, depending on the micromechanical properties of the mush, the viscosity of magma, and chamber size. We compare our poroelastic results to the behavior of a magma chamber with an effectively viscoelastic shell and find that only the poroelastic model displays a time scale dependence on the size of the chamber for any fixed mush volume fraction. This study demonstrates that crystal mush can significantly influence the mechanical behaviors of crustal magmatic reservoirs. en_US
dc.description.embargo 2019-03-30 en_US
dc.description.sponsorship We thank James Rice, Tushar Mittal, Chris Huber and Helge Gonnerman for useful discussions in the early stages of this work. S. Adam Soule was supported by National Science Foundation Grant OCE‐1333492. Meghan Jones was supported by the U.S. Department of Defense through the National Defense Science and Engineering Graduate Fellowship (NDSEG) Program. The numerical codes used for computing the results in the work can be found at https://github.com/YangVol/MushyChamber. en_US
dc.identifier.citation Liao, Y., Soule, S. A., & Jones, M. (2018). On the mechanical effects of poroelastic crystal mush in classical magma chamber models. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 123, 9376–9406. en_US
dc.identifier.doi 10.1029/2018JB015985
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/1912/23616
dc.publisher American Geophysical Union en_US
dc.relation.uri https://doi.org/10.1029/2018JB015985
dc.subject Magma chamber en_US
dc.subject Crystal mush en_US
dc.subject Poroelasticity en_US
dc.title On the mechanical effects of poroelastic crystal mush in classical magma chamber models en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dspace.entity.type Publication
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relation.isAuthorOfPublication.latestForDiscovery 902430f8-5e09-4970-977d-7b57f4111bdd
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