Phosphorylation controls autoinhibition of cytoplasmic linker protein-170

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Lee, Ho-Sup
Komarova, Yulia A.
Nadezhdina, Elena S.
Anjum, Rana
Peloquin, John G.
Schober, Joseph M.
Danciu, Oana
van Haren, Jeffrey
Galjart, Niels
Gygi, Steven P.
Akhmanova, Anna
Borisy, Gary G.
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Cytoplasmic linker protein (CLIP)-170 is a microtubule (MT) plus-end-tracking protein that regulates MT dynamics and links MT plus ends to different intracellular structures. We have shown previously that intramolecular association between the N and C termini results in autoinhibition of CLIP-170, thus altering its binding to MTs and the dynactin subunit p150Glued (J. Cell Biol. 2004: 166, 1003–1014). In this study, we demonstrate that conformational changes in CLIP-170 are regulated by phosphorylation that enhances the affinity between the N- and C-terminal domains. By using site-directed mutagenesis and phosphoproteomic analysis, we mapped the phosphorylation sites in the third serine-rich region of CLIP-170. A phosphorylation-deficient mutant of CLIP-170 displays an "open" conformation and a higher binding affinity for growing MT ends and p150Glued as compared with nonmutated protein, whereas a phosphomimetic mutant confined to the "folded back" conformation shows decreased MT association and does not interact with p150Glued. We conclude that phosphorylation regulates CLIP-170 conformational changes resulting in its autoinhibition.
Author Posting. © American Society for Cell Biology, 2010. This article is posted here by permission of American Society for Cell Biology for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Molecular Biology of the Cell 21 (2010): 2661-2673, doi:10.1091/mbc.E09-12-1036.
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Molecular Biology of the Cell 21 (2010): 2661-2673
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