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ArticleEnormous lithium isotopic variations of abyssal peridotites reveal fast cooling and Melt/Fluid-rock interactions(American Geophysical Union, 2020-09-07) Liu, Ping‐Ping ; Liang, Ju ; Dick, Henry J. B. ; Li, Xian‐Hua ; Chen, Qiong ; Zuo, Hao‐Yue ; Wu, Jia‐ChengFast diffusing Li isotopes provide important insights into the “recent” transient events or processes for both modern and ancient times, but questions remain concerning the large Li isotopic variations of mantle peridotites, which greatly hampers their usage as a geochemical tracer. This study investigates in situ Li content and isotopic profiles of the constituent minerals of abyssal peridotites from the Gakkel Ridge and Southwest Indian Ridge. The complicated and large variations of Li isotopic profiles in Clinopyroxene (Cpx) and Orthopyroxene (Opx) indicate Li isotopic disequilibrium at millimeter scale. The negative correlations of a wide range of Li contents (0.5 to 6.5 ppm) and δ7Li values (−10 to +20‰) of olivine, Opx and Cpx grains/relicts, trace element zoning of Cpx, the occurrence of plagioclase, olivine serpentinization along cracks, together with numerical modeling demonstrate the observed Li characteristics to be a manifestation of high‐temperature mineral‐melt Li diffusion during melt impregnation overprinted by low‐temperature mineral‐fluid Li diffusion during dissolution and serpentinization. The preservation of the Li isotopic diffusion profiles requires rapid cooling of 0.3–5°C/year after final‐stage melt impregnation at the Moho boundary, which is consistent with the low temperature at very slow spreadin g ridges caused by conductive cooling. Compared with the well‐studied melt‐rock interaction process, our study indicates that low‐temperature fluid‐rock interaction can induce Li diffusion even in the visibly unaltered mineral relicts of partially altered rocks.