Zhai Yujia

No Thumbnail Available
Last Name
First Name

Search Results

Now showing 1 - 3 of 3
  • Article
    Cross-equatorial anti-symmetry in the seasonal transport of the western boundary current in the Atlantic Ocean
    (American Geophysical Union, 2021-04-23) Zhai, Yujia ; Yang, Jiayan ; Wan, Xiuquan
    The western boundary current in the equatorial Atlantic Ocean is a main conduit for water-mass exchanges across the equator and thus a major pathway for the interhemispheric transports in the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) system. In this study we quantify and examine the mean and seasonal variability of the equatorial western boundary current (EWBC) in the upper ocean layer using two data-assimilated products, the Estimating the Circulation and Climate of the Ocean (ECCO4r3) and the Simple Ocean Data Assimilation (SODA3). It is found that the EWBC between 10°S and 10°N exhibits two pronounced features in its seasonal variability: (1) the transport varies anti-symmetrically across the equator, that is, the northward EWBC strengthens to the north of the equator when it weakens to the south of the equator, and vice versa; and (2) the amplitude of seasonal variations is much greater in the northern hemisphere than in the south. We hypothesize that the cross-equatorial anti-symmetry in EWBC transport variability is attributable to the impingement of equatorial Rossby waves at the western boundary and the shape of the western boundary is the main cause for the amplified seasonal variability in the northern hemisphere. A simple 1 and 1/2-layer model is used to test and validate this hypothesis and to elucidate the role of wind forcing and topography plays in the seasonal variability in the EWBC transport.
  • Article
    The eastern Atlantic basin pathway for the export of the North Atlantic deep waters
    (American Geophysical Union, 2021-12-13) Zhai, Yujia ; Yang, Jiayan ; Wan, Xiuquan
    The North Atlantic deep water (NADW), according to the classic ocean circulation theory, moves southward as a deep western boundary current (DWBC) even though it may veer into interior and then rejoin DWBC when encountering regional circulation features, such as eddy-driven recirculation. In potential vorticity dynamics, the eastern side of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (MAR) may provide a similar topographic support as the continental slope off the western boundary for a southward transport of NADW. In this article, we quantify the mean meridional NADW transports on both sides of the MAR using a data-assimilated product and find that the flow in the eastern basin contributes about 38 ± 14% of the net southward transport of NADW from 50° to 35°N. Our study points to the importance of observing NADW transport variations on the eastern side of the MAR in order to monitor the transport strength of Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation.
  • Article
    Microbially-mediated indirect effects of silver nanoparticles on aquatic invertebrates
    (Springer, 2018-09-14) Zhai, Yujia ; Brun, Nadja R. ; Bundschuh, Mirco ; Schrama, Maarten ; Hin, Eline ; Vijver, Martina G. ; Hunting, Ellard R.
    Complex natural systems are affected by multiple anthropogenic stressors, and therefore indirect effects within food webs are increasingly investigated. In this context, dead organic matter (OM) or detritus provides a food source sustaining detrital food webs that recycle the retained energy through microbial decomposition and invertebrate consumption. In aquatic environments, poorly water-soluble contaminants, including nanoparticles (NPs), quickly adsorb onto OM potentially modifying OM-associated microbial communities. Since invertebrates often depend on microbial conditioning to enhance OM quality, adverse effects on OM-associated microbial communities could potentially affect invertebrate performances. Therefore, this study assessed the effect of environmentally relevant concentrations of the model emerging contaminant, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), on OM-associated microorganisms and subsequent indirect effects on growth of the invertebrate Asellus aquaticus. At low concentrations (0.8 ug/L), AgNPs inhibited activity and altered metabolic diversity of the OM-associated microbial community. This was observed to coincide with a negative effect on the growth of A. aquaticus due to antimicrobial properties, as a decreased growth was observed when offered AgNP-contaminated OM. When A. aquaticus were offered sterile OM in the absence of AgNPs, invertebrate growth was observed to be strongly retarded, illustrating the importance of microorganisms in the diet of this aquatic invertebrate. This outcome thus hints that environmentally relevant concentrations of AgNPs can indirectly affect the growth of aquatic invertebrates by affecting OM-associated microbial communities, and hence that microorganisms are an essential link in understanding bottom-up directed effects of chemical stressors in food webs.