Galil Bella S.

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Bella S.

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  • Article
    Identifying priorities for the protection of deep Mediterranean Sea ecosystems through an integrated approach
    (Frontiers Media, 2021-07-22) Fanelli, Emanuela ; Bianchelli, Silvia ; Foglini, Federica ; Canals, Miquel ; Castellan, Giorgio ; Güell-Bujons, Queralt ; Galil, Bella S. ; Goren, Menachem ; Evans, Julian ; Fabri, Marie-Claire ; Vaz, Sandrine ; Ciuffardi, Tiziana ; Schembri, Patrick J. ; Angeletti, Lorenzo ; Taviani, Marco ; Danovaro, Roberto
    Benthic habitats of the deep Mediterranean Sea and the biodiversity they host are increasingly jeopardized by increasing human pressures, both direct and indirect, which encompass fisheries, chemical and acoustic pollution, littering, oil and gas exploration and production and marine infrastructures (i.e., cable and pipeline laying), and bioprospecting. To this, is added the pervasive and growing effects of human-induced perturbations of the climate system. International frameworks provide foundations for the protection of deep-sea ecosystems, but the lack of standardized criteria for the identification of areas deserving protection, insufficient legislative instruments and poor implementation hinder an efficient set up in practical terms. Here, we discuss the international legal frameworks and management measures in relation to the status of habitats and key species in the deep Mediterranean Basin. By comparing the results of a multi-criteria decision analysis (MCDA) and of expert evaluation (EE), we identify priority deep-sea areas for conservation and select five criteria for the designation of future protected areas in the deep Mediterranean Sea. Our results indicate that areas (1) with high ecological relevance (e.g., hosting endemic and locally endangered species and rare habitats),(2) ensuring shelf-slope connectivity (e.g., submarine canyons), and (3) subject to current and foreseeable intense anthropogenic impacts, should be prioritized for conservation. The results presented here provide an ecosystem-based conservation strategy for designating priority areas for protection in the deep Mediterranean Sea.
  • Article
    INVASIVESNET towards an international association for open knowledge on invasive alien species
    (Regional Euro-Asian Biological Invasions Centre, 2016-06-07) Lucy, Frances E. ; Roy, Helen ; Simpson, Annie ; Carlton, James T. ; Hanson, John Mark ; Magellan, Kit ; Campbell, Marnie L. ; Costello, Mark J. ; Pagad, Shyama ; Hewitt, Chad L. ; McDonald, Justin ; Cassey, Phillip ; Thomaz, Sidinei M. ; Katsanevakis, Stelios ; Zenetos, Argyro ; Tricarico, Elena ; Boggero, Angela ; Groom, Quentin J. ; Adriaens, Tim ; Vanderhoeven, Sonia ; Torchin, Mark ; Hufbauer, Ruth ; Fuller, Pam ; Carman, Mary R. ; Conn, David Bruce ; Vitule, Jean R. S. ; Canning-Clode, Joao ; Galil, Bella S. ; Ojaveer, Henn ; Bailey, Sarah A. ; Therriault, Thomas W. ; Claudi, Renata ; Gazda, Anna ; Dick, Jaimie T. A. ; Caffrey, Joe ; Witt, Arne ; Kenis, Marc ; Lehtiniemi, Maiju ; Helmisaari, Harry ; Panov, Vadim E.
    In a world where invasive alien species (IAS) are recognised as one of the major threats to biodiversity, leading scientists from five continents have come together to propose the concept of developing an international association for open knowledge and open data on IAS—termed “INVASIVESNET”. This new association will facilitate greater understanding and improved management of invasive alien species (IAS) and biological invasions globally, by developing a sustainable network of networks for effective knowledge exchange. In addition to their inclusion in the CBD Strategic Plan for Biodiversity, the increasing ecological, social, cultural and economic impacts associated with IAS have driven the development of multiple legal instruments and policies. This increases the need for greater co-ordination, co-operation, and information exchange among scientists, management, the community of practice and the public. INVASIVESNET will be formed by linking new and existing networks of interested stakeholders including international and national expert working groups and initiatives, individual scientists, database managers, thematic open access journals, environmental agencies, practitioners, managers, industry, non-government organisations, citizens and educational bodies. The association will develop technical tools and cyberinfrastructure for the collection, management and dissemination of data and information on IAS; create an effective communication platform for global stakeholders; and promote coordination and collaboration through international meetings, workshops, education, training and outreach. To date, the sustainability of many strategic national and international initiatives on IAS have unfortunately been hampered by time-limited grants or funding cycles. Recognising that IAS initiatives need to be globally coordinated and on-going, we aim to develop a sustainable knowledge sharing association to connect the outputs of IAS research and to inform the consequential management and societal challenges arising from IAS introductions. INVASIVESNET will provide a dynamic and enduring network of networks to ensure the continuity of connections among the IAS community of practice, science and management.