Sarafian Adam

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  • Article
    Fossil records of early solar irradiation and cosmolocation of the CAI factory: a reappraisal
    (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2021-09-29) Bekaert, David V. ; Auro, Maureen E. ; Shollenberger, Quinn R. ; Liu, Ming-Chang ; Marschall, Horst R. ; Burton, Kevin W. ; Jacobsen, Benjamin ; Brennecka, Gregory A. ; MacPherson, Glenn J. ; von Mutius, Richard ; Sarafian, Adam ; Nielsen, Sune G.
    Calcium-aluminum–rich inclusions (CAIs) in meteorites carry crucial information about the environmental conditions of the nascent Solar System prior to planet formation. Based on models of 50V–10Be co-production by in-situ irradiation, CAIs are considered to have formed within ~0.1 AU from the proto-Sun. Here, we present vanadium (V) and strontium (Sr) isotopic co-variations in fine- and coarse-grained CAIs and demonstrate that kinetic isotope effects during partial condensation and evaporation best explain V isotope anomalies previously attributed to solar particle irradiation. We also report initial excesses of 10Be and argue that CV CAIs possess essentially a homogeneous level of 10Be, inherited during their formation. Based on numerical modeling of 50V–10Be co-production by irradiation, we show that CAI formation during protoplanetary disk build-up likely occurred at greater heliocentric distances than previously considered, up to planet-forming regions (~1AU), where solar particle fluxes were sufficiently low to avoid substantial in-situ irradiation of CAIs.
  • Thesis
    Water and volatile element accretion to the inner planets
    (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 2018-02) Sarafian, Adam
    This thesis investigates the timing and source(s) of water and volatile elements to the inner solar system by studying the basaltic meteorites angrites and eucrites. In chapters 2 and 3, I present the results from angrite meteorites. Chapter 2 examines the water and volatile element content of the angrite parent body and I suggest that some water and other volatile elements accreted to inner solar system bodies by ~2 Myr after the start of the solar system. Chapter 3 examines the D/H of this water and I suggest it is derived from carbonaceous chondrites. Chapter 4, 5, 6, and 7 addresses eucrite meteorites. Chapter 4 expands on existing models to explain geochemical trends observed in eucrites. In Chapter 5, I examine the water and F content of the eucrite parent body, 4 Vesta. In chapter 6, I determine the source of water for 4 Vesta and determine that carbonaceous chondrites delivered water to this body. Chapter 7 discusses degassing on 4 Vesta while it was forming.