Moser Duane P.

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Duane P.

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  • Article
    Ancestral absence of electron transport chains in Patescibacteria and DPANN
    (Frontiers Media, 2020-08-17) Beam, Jacob P. ; Becraft, Eric D. ; Brown, Julia M. ; Schulz, Frederik ; Jarett, Jessica K. ; Bezuidt, Oliver ; Poulton, Nicole J. ; Clark, Kayla ; Dunfield, Peter F. ; Ravin, Nikolai V. ; Spear, John R. ; Hedlund, Brian P. ; Kormas, Konstantinos Ar. ; Sievert, Stefan M. ; Elshahed, Mostafa S. ; Barton, Hazel A. ; Stott, Matthew B. ; Eisen, Jonathan A. ; Moser, Duane P. ; Onstott, Tullis C. ; Woyke, Tanja ; Stepanauskas, Ramunas
    Recent discoveries suggest that the candidate superphyla Patescibacteria and DPANN constitute a large fraction of the phylogenetic diversity of Bacteria and Archaea. Their small genomes and limited coding potential have been hypothesized to be ancestral adaptations to obligate symbiotic lifestyles. To test this hypothesis, we performed cell–cell association, genomic, and phylogenetic analyses on 4,829 individual cells of Bacteria and Archaea from 46 globally distributed surface and subsurface field samples. This confirmed the ubiquity and abundance of Patescibacteria and DPANN in subsurface environments, the small size of their genomes and cells, and the divergence of their gene content from other Bacteria and Archaea. Our analyses suggest that most Patescibacteria and DPANN in the studied subsurface environments do not form specific physical associations with other microorganisms. These data also suggest that their unusual genomic features and prevalent auxotrophies may be a result of ancestral, minimal cellular energy transduction mechanisms that lack respiration, thus relying solely on fermentation for energy conservation.
  • Article
    Hiding in plain sight: the globally distributed bacterial candidate phylum PAUC34f
    (Frontiers Media, 2020-03-12) Chen, Michael L. ; Becraft, Eric D. ; Pachiadaki, Maria G. ; Brown, Julia M. ; Jarett, Jessica K. ; Gasol, Josep M. ; Ravin, Nikolai V. ; Moser, Duane P. ; Nunoura, Takuro ; Herndl, Gerhard J. ; Woyke, Tanja ; Stepanauskas, Ramunas
    Bacterial candidate phylum PAUC34f was originally discovered in marine sponges and is widely considered to be composed of sponge symbionts. Here, we report 21 single amplified genomes (SAGs) of PAUC34f from a variety of environments, including the dark ocean, lake sediments, and a terrestrial aquifer. The diverse origins of the SAGs and the results of metagenome fragment recruitment suggest that some PAUC34f lineages represent relatively abundant, free-living cells in environments other than sponge microbiomes, including the deep ocean. Both phylogenetic and biogeographic patterns, as well as genome content analyses suggest that PAUC34f associations with hosts evolved independently multiple times, while free-living lineages of PAUC34f are distinct and relatively abundant in a wide range of environments.