(Nature Research, 2022-03-30)
Kim, Sunyong; Park, Jae-Heung; Kug, Jong-Seong
The East Asian countries have experienced heavy rainfalls in boreal summer 2020. Here, we investigate the dynamical processes driving the rainfall extremes in East Asia during July and August. The Indian Ocean basin warming in June can be responsible for the anticyclonic anomalies in the western North Pacific (WNP), which modulate the zonally-elongated rainfalls in East Asia during July through an atmospheric Rossby wave train. In August, the East Asian rainfall increase is also related to the anticyclonic anomalies in the subtropical WNP, although it is located further north. The north tropical Atlantic warming in June partly contributes to the subtropical WNP rainfall decrease in August through a subtropical teleconnection. Then the subtropical WNP rainfall decrease drives the local anticyclonic anomalies that cause the rainfall increase in East Asia during August. The tropical Indian Ocean anomalously warmed in June and the subtropical WNP rainfall decreased in August 2020, which played a role in modulating the WNP anticyclonic anomalies. Therefore, the record-breaking rainfall extremes in East Asia that occurred during summer 2020 can be explained by the teleconnections associated with the tropical origins among the Indian, Pacific, and Atlantic Oceans and their interbasin interactions.