Johnson Aleisha C.

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Aleisha C.

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  • Article
    Reconciling evidence of oxidative weathering and atmospheric anoxia on Archean Earth
    (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2021-09-29) Johnson, Aleisha C. ; Ostrander, Chadlin ; Romaniello, Stephen J. ; Reinhard, Christopher T. ; Greaney, Allison T. ; Lyons, Timothy W. ; Anbar, Ariel D.
    Evidence continues to emerge for the production and low-level accumulation of molecular oxygen (O2) at Earth’s surface before the Great Oxidation Event. Quantifying this early O2 has proven difficult. Here, we use the distribution and isotopic composition of molybdenum in the ancient sedimentary record to quantify Archean Mo cycling, which allows us to calculate lower limits for atmospheric O2 partial pressures (PO2) and O2 production fluxes during the Archean. We consider two end-member scenarios. First, if O2 was evenly distributed throughout the atmosphere, then PO2 > 10–6.9 present atmospheric level was required for large periods of time during the Archean eon. Alternatively, if O2 accumulation was instead spatially restricted (e.g., occurring only near the sites of O2 production), then O2 production fluxes >0.01 Tmol O2/year were required. Archean O2 levels were vanishingly low according to our calculations but substantially above those predicted for an abiotic Earth system.
  • Article
    Technical comment on "Reexamination of 2.5-Ga 'whiff' of oxygen interval points to anoxic ocean before GOE"
    (American Association for the Advancement of Science, 2023-03-03) Anbar, Ariel D. ; Buick, Roger ; Gordon, Gwyneth W. ; Johnson, Aleisha C. ; Kendall, Brian ; Lyons, Timothy W. ; Ostrander, Chadlin M. ; Planavsky, Noah J. ; Reinhard, Christopher T. ; Stüeken, Eva E.
    Many lines of inorganic geochemical evidence suggest transient "whiffs" of environmental oxygenation before the Great Oxidation Event (GOE). Slotznickassert that analyses of paleoredox proxies in the Mount McRae Shale, Western Australia, were misinterpreted and hence that environmental Olevels were persistently negligible before the GOE. We find these arguments logically flawed and factually incomplete.