Rasmussen Sune O.
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ArticleTiming of meltwater pulse 1a and climate responses to meltwater injections(American Geophysical Union, 2006-12-09) Stanford, Jennifer D. ; Rohling, Eelco J. ; Hunter, Sally E. ; Roberts, Andrew P. ; Rasmussen, Sune O. ; Bard, Edouard ; McManus, Jerry F. ; Fairbanks, Richard G.The temporal relationship between meltwater pulse 1a (mwp-1a) and the climate history of the last deglaciation remains a subject of debate. By combining the Greenland Ice Core Project δ 18O ice core record on the new Greenland ice core chronology 2005 timescale with the U/Th-dated Barbados coral record, we conclusively derive that mwp-1a did not coincide with the sharp Bølling warming but instead with the abrupt cooling of the Older Dryas. To evaluate whether there is a relationship between meltwater injections, North Atlantic Deep Water (NADW) formation, and climate change, we present a high-resolution record of NADW flow intensity from Eirik Drift through the last deglaciation. It indicates only a relatively minor 200-year weakening of NADW flow, coincident with mwp-1a. Our compilation of records also indicates that during Heinrich event 1 and the Younger Dryas there were no discernible sea level rises, and yet these periods were characterized by intense NADW slowdowns/shutdowns. Clearly, deepwater formation and climate are not simply controlled by the magnitude or rate of meltwater addition. Instead, our results emphasize that the location of meltwater pulses may be more important, with NADW formation being particularly sensitive to surface freshening in the Arctic/Nordic Seas.
ArticleRapid global ocean-atmosphere response to Southern Ocean freshening during the last glacial(Nature Publishing Group, 2017-09-12) Turney, Christian S. M. ; Jones, Richard ; Phipps, Steven J. ; Thomas, Zoë ; Hogg, Alan ; Kershaw, Peter ; Fogwill, Christopher J. ; Palmer, Jonathan G. ; Bronk Ramsey, Christopher ; Adolphi, Florian ; Muscheler, Raimund ; Hughen, Konrad A. ; Staff, Richard A. ; Grosvenor, Mark ; Golledge, Nicholas ; Rasmussen, Sune O. ; Hutchinson, David K. ; Haberle, Simon ; Lorrey, Andrew ; Boswijk, Gretel ; Cooper, AlanContrasting Greenland and Antarctic temperatures during the last glacial period (115,000 to 11,650 years ago) are thought to have been driven by imbalances in the rates of formation of North Atlantic and Antarctic Deep Water (the ‘bipolar seesaw’). Here we exploit a bidecadally resolved 14C data set obtained from New Zealand kauri (Agathis australis) to undertake high-precision alignment of key climate data sets spanning iceberg-rafted debris event Heinrich 3 and Greenland Interstadial (GI) 5.1 in the North Atlantic (~30,400 to 28,400 years ago). We observe no divergence between the kauri and Atlantic marine sediment 14C data sets, implying limited changes in deep water formation. However, a Southern Ocean (Atlantic-sector) iceberg rafted debris event appears to have occurred synchronously with GI-5.1 warming and decreased precipitation over the western equatorial Pacific and Atlantic. An ensemble of transient meltwater simulations shows that Antarctic-sourced salinity anomalies can generate climate changes that are propagated globally via an atmospheric Rossby wave train.