The role of sediment-induced light attenuation on primary production during Hurricane Gustav (2008)

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2020-10-20
Authors
Zang, Zhengchen
Xue, Z. George
Xu, Kehui
Bentley, Samuel J.
Chen, Qin
D'Sa, Eurico J.
Zhang, Le
Ou, Yanda
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10.5194/bg-17-5043-2020
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Abstract
We introduced a sediment-induced light attenuation algorithm into a biogeochemical model of the Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere–Wave–Sediment Transport (COAWST) modeling system. A fully coupled ocean–atmospheric–sediment–biogeochemical simulation was carried out to assess the impact of sediment-induced light attenuation on primary production in the northern Gulf of Mexico during the passage of Hurricane Gustav in 2008. When compared with model results without sediment-induced light attenuation, our new model showed a better agreement with satellite data on both the magnitude of nearshore chlorophyll concentration and the spatial distribution of offshore bloom. When Hurricane Gustav approached, resuspended sediment shifted the inner shelf ecosystem from a nutrient-limited one to a light-limited one. Only 1 week after Hurricane Gustav's landfall, accumulated nutrients and a favorable optical environment induced a posthurricane algal bloom in the top 20 m of the water column, while the productivity in the lower water column was still light-limited due to slow-settling sediment. Corresponding with the elevated offshore NO3 flux (38.71 mmol N m−1 s−1) and decreased chlorophyll flux (43.10 mg m−1 s−1), the outer shelf posthurricane bloom should have resulted from the cross-shelf nutrient supply instead of the lateral dispersed chlorophyll. Sensitivity tests indicated that sediment light attenuation efficiency affected primary production when sediment concentration was moderately high. Model uncertainties due to colored dissolved organic matter and parameterization of sediment-induced light attenuation are also discussed.
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© The Author(s), 2020. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Zang, Z., Xue, Z. G., Xu, K., Bentley, S. J., Chen, Q., D'Sa, E. J., Zhang, L., & Ou, Y. The role of sediment-induced light attenuation on primary production during Hurricane Gustav (2008). Biogeosciences, 17(20), (2020): 5043-5055, doi:10.5194/bg-17-5043-2020.
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Zang, Z., Xue, Z. G., Xu, K., Bentley, S. J., Chen, Q., D'Sa, E. J., Zhang, L., & Ou, Y. (2020). The role of sediment-induced light attenuation on primary production during Hurricane Gustav (2008). Biogeosciences, 17(20), 5043-5055.
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