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dc.contributor.authorDaly, Kendra L.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSaenz, Benjamin  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorKim, Stacy  Concept link
dc.coverage.spatialMcMurdo Sound, Antarctica
dc.coverage.spatialwestlimit: 165.061085; southlimit: -77.7031864; eastlimit: 166.334829; northlimit: -77.5508
dc.coverage.temporal20141123 - 20150107 (UTC)
dc.descriptionDataset: McMurdo Sound acoustic backscatter krill and silverfish
dc.description.abstractAcoustic echosounder data were collected as part of an ecosystem study in McMurdo Sound, which is located at the southern extent of the Ross Sea in the Southern Ocean. The major goal of this multi-disciplinary project was to assess the influence of top−down forcing (predation) on pelagic zooplankton and fish. Stations were located along the fast ice edge, and along three transects into the fast ice along the eastern side of McMurdo Sound (Ross Island), in the middle of the Sound, and on the western side of the Sound. Krill and fish were sampled between 17 November 2014 – 1 January 2015, both acoustically and visually beneath the fast ice using the tethered SCINI ROV, which was deployed and operated through a 25 cm diameter hole drilled through the sea ice. SCINI contained cameras and thrusters, and towed a sensor package consisting of a WET Labs fluorometer (ECO-AFL/FL) and a single-beam Biosonics 120 kHz DT-X echosounder. Visual targets were identified to the lowest taxon possible; these observations were used primarily to verify classification of acoustic signals. The echosounder operated at a nominal ping rate of 1 ping s-1; however, this rate was occasionally adjusted if false bottom signals were observed. The general profile of a dive included a surface transect of ~300 m horizontal distance, where the acoustic transducer faced downward, and also a dive to ~120 m if conditions allowed. Echogram data were saved to a depth of 500 m, and background noise was removed. Given the effective range of the transducer of approximately 100 m (resolving -80 dB targets), surveys characterized the upper 200 m of the water column.Raw acoustic data were analyzed using Echoview software (version 5.3). All acoustic aggregations greater than 4 pings in width were manually delineated, and acoustic energy of the aggregations was integrated into bins of six seconds wide by 1 m in depth. These aggregations were classified as potentially krill or silverfish, based upon ROV visual identification of the targets or, where no visual targets were encountered, by comparing the aggregation target strength, shape, density, and texture and depth to a set of aggregations with positive visual classification. Data are provided for every 10 m depth by six second acoustic bin, for each site, with only classified krill or silverfish backscatter in the bins. Zero data is also reported, to allow estimation of density parameters. Acoustic returns are presented as integrated acoustic energy (volume backscatter strength [Sv], in units of dB re m-1). For a complete list of measurements, refer to the supplemental document 'Field_names.pdf', and a full dataset description is included in the supplemental file 'Dataset_description.pdf'. The most current version of this dataset is available at:
dc.description.sponsorshipNSF Division of Polar Programs (NSF PLR) PLR-0944747, NSF Division of Polar Programs (NSF PLR) PLR-0944511, NSF Division of Polar Programs (NSF PLR) PLR-0944694
dc.publisherBiological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO). Contact:
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International
dc.subjectAcoustic Backscatter
dc.subjectMcMurdo Sound
dc.subjectSCINI ROV
dc.titleAcoustic backscatter from krill and silverfish in McMurdo Sound from 2014-2015

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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International