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dc.contributor.authorVives i Batlle, Jordi  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorAoyama, Michio  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBradshaw, Clare  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBrown, Justin E.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBuesseler, Ken O.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorCasacuberta, Nuria  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorChristl, Marcus  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorDuffa, Celine  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorImpens, Nathalie R. E. N.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorIosjpe, Mikhail  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMasqué, Pere  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorNishikawa, Jun  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2017-11-16T21:08:52Z
dc.date.issued2017-10-31
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/9379
dc.description© The Author(s), 2017. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here under a nonexclusive, irrevocable, paid-up, worldwide license granted to WHOI. It is made available for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Science of The Total Environment 618 (2017): 80-92, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.11.005.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis paper focuses on how a community of researchers under the COMET (CO-ordination and iMplementation of a pan European projecT for radioecology) project has improved the capacity of marine radioecology to understand at the process level the behaviour of radionuclides in the marine environment, uptake by organisms and the resulting doses after the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear accident occurred in 2011. We present new radioecological understanding of the processes involved, such as the interaction of waterborne radionuclides with suspended particles and sediments or the biological uptake and turnover of radionuclides, which have been better quantified and mathematically described. We demonstrate that biokinetic models can better represent radionuclide transfer to biota in non-equilibrium situations, bringing more realism to predictions, especially when combining physical, chemical and biological interactions that occur in such an open and dynamic environment as the ocean. As a result, we are readier now than we were before the FDNPP accident in terms of having models that can be applied to dynamic situations. The paper concludes with our vision for marine radioecology as a fundamental research discipline and we present a strategy for our discipline at the European and international levels. The lessons learned are presented along with their possible applicability to assess/reduce the environmental consequences of future accidents to the marine environment and guidance for future research, as well as to assure sustainability of marine radioecology in Europe and globally. This guidance necessarily reflects on why and where further research funding is needed, signalling the way for future investigations.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThe research leading to this paper has received funding from the European Union's seventh Framework programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement No. is 604974 (Projects within COMET: Marine Initial Research Activity and The impact of recent releases from the Fukushima nucleaR Accident on the Marine Environment - FRAME). Sampling off Japan has been supported by the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, the Deerbrook Charitable Trust and contributions to the WHOI Centre for Marine and Environmental Radioactivity. We acknowledge the JSPS KAKENHI Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research on Innovative Areas Grant No. 24110005 for supporting in part the activities during the research cruises to the FDNPP area.en_US
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.11.005
dc.titleMarine radioecology after the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear accident : are we better positioned to understand the impact of radionuclides in marine ecosystems?en_US
dc.typePreprinten_US


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