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dc.contributor.authorHe, Hong  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorCheng, Xiao  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorLi, Xianglan  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorZhu, Renbin  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHui, Fengming  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorWu, Wenhui  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorZhao, Tiancheng  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorKang, Jing  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorTang, Jianwu  Concept link
dc.identifier.citationScientific Reports 7 (2017): 12942en_US
dc.description© The Author(s), 2017. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Scientific Reports 7 (2017): 12942, doi:10.1038/s41598-017-13380-6.en_US
dc.description.abstractPenguin guano provides favorable conditions for production and emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs). Many studies have been conducted to determine the GHG fluxes from penguin colonies, however, at regional scale, there is still no accurate estimation of total GHG emissions. We used object-based image analysis (OBIA) method to estimate the Adélie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) population based on aerial photography data. A model was developed to estimate total GHG emission potential from Adélie penguin colonies during breeding seasons in 1983 and 2012, respectively. Results indicated that OBIA method was effective for extracting penguin information from aerial photographs. There were 17,120 and 21,183 Adélie penguin breeding pairs on Inexpressible Island in 1983 and 2012, respectively, with overall accuracy of the estimation of 76.8%. The main reasons for the increase in Adélie penguin populations were attributed to increase in temperature, sea ice and phytoplankton. The average estimated CH4 and N2O emissions tended to be increasing during the period from 1983 to 2012 and CH4 was the main GHG emitted from penguin colonies. Total global warming potential (GWP) of CH4 and N2O emissions was 5303 kg CO2-eq in 1983 and 6561 kg CO2-eq in 2012, respectively.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. 312231103), the Chinese Arctic and Antarctic Administration, National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos 41676176 and 41676182), the Chinese Polar Environment Comprehensive Investigation, Assessment Program.en_US
dc.publisherNature Publishing Groupen_US
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.titleAerial photography based census of Adélie Penguin and its application in CH4 and N2O budget estimation in Victoria Land, Antarcticen_US

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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International