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dc.contributor.authorBromirski, Peter D.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorChen, Zhao  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorStephen, Ralph A.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorGerstoft, Peter  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorArcas, Diego R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorDiez, Anja  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorAster, Richard C.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorWiens, Douglas A.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorNyblade, Andrew A.  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2017-10-06T13:42:03Z
dc.date.available2018-01-20T09:17:33Z
dc.date.issued2017-07-20
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 122 (2017): 5786–5801en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/9269
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2017. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 122 (2017): 5786–5801, doi:10.1002/2017JC012913.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe responses of the Ross Ice Shelf (RIS) to the 16 September 2015 8.3 (Mw) Chilean earthquake tsunami (>75 s period) and to oceanic infragravity (IG) waves (50–300 s period) were recorded by a broadband seismic array deployed on the RIS from November 2014 to November 2016. Here we show that tsunami and IG-generated signals within the RIS propagate at gravity wave speeds (∼70 m/s) as water-ice coupled flexural-gravity waves. IG band signals show measureable attenuation away from the shelf front. The response of the RIS to Chilean tsunami arrivals is compared with modeled tsunami forcing to assess ice shelf flexural-gravity wave excitation by very long period (VLP; >300 s) gravity waves. Displacements across the RIS are affected by gravity wave incident direction, bathymetry under and north of the shelf, and water layer and ice shelf thicknesses. Horizontal displacements are typically about 10 times larger than vertical displacements, producing dynamical extensional motions that may facilitate expansion of existing fractures. VLP excitation is continuously observed throughout the year, with horizontal displacements highest during the austral winter with amplitudes exceeding 20 cm. Because VLP flexural-gravity waves exhibit no discernable attenuation, this energy must propagate to the grounding zone. Both IG and VLP band flexural-gravity waves excite mechanical perturbations of the RIS that likely promote tabular iceberg calving, consequently affecting ice shelf evolution. Understanding these ocean-excited mechanical interactions is important to determine their effect on ice shelf stability to reduce uncertainty in the magnitude and rate of global sea level rise.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNSF Grant Numbers: PLR 1246151, PLR-1246416, PLR-1142518, 1141916, 1142126; National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA); Incorporated Research Institutions for Seismology (IRIS) through the PASSCAL Instrument Center at New Mexico Tech.; National Science Foundation under Cooperative Agreement Grant Number: EAR-1261681; DOE National Nuclear Security Administrationen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherJohn Wiley & Sonsen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1002/2017JC012913
dc.subjectAntarctic ice shelvesen_US
dc.subjectBathymetry focusingen_US
dc.subjectTsunamien_US
dc.subjectInfragravity wavesen_US
dc.subjectFlexural-gravity wavesen_US
dc.subjectExtensional Lamb wavesen_US
dc.subjectIceberg calving triggeren_US
dc.titleTsunami and infragravity waves impacting Antarctic ice shelvesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.description.embargo2018-01-20en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/2017JC012913


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