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dc.contributor.authorOlsen, Lasse M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorLaney, Samuel R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorDuarte, Pedro  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorKauko, Hanna Maria  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorFernández-Méndez, Mar  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMundy, Christopher J.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorRösel, Anja  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMeyer, Amelie  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorItkin, Polona  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorCohen, Lana  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorPeeken, Ilka  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorTatarek, Agnieszka  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorRóźańska-Pluta, Magdalena  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorWiktor, Jozef  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorTaskjelle, Torbjørn  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorPavlov, Alexey K.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHudson, Stephen R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorGranskog, Mats A.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHop, Haakon  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorAssmy, Philipp  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2017-09-07T17:40:54Z
dc.date.available2017-09-07T17:40:54Z
dc.date.issued2017-07-03
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 122 (2017): 1529–1548en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/9215
dc.description© The Author(s), 2017. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 122 (2017): 1529–1548, doi:10.1002/2016JG003668.en_US
dc.description.abstractDuring the Norwegian young sea ICE expedition (N-ICE2015) from January to June 2015 the pack ice in the Arctic Ocean north of Svalbard was studied during four drifts between 83° and 80°N. This pack ice consisted of a mix of second year, first year, and young ice. The physical properties and ice algal community composition was investigated in the three different ice types during the winter-spring-summer transition. Our results indicate that algae remaining in sea ice that survived the summer melt season are subsequently trapped in the upper layers of the ice column during winter and may function as an algal seed repository. Once the connectivity in the entire ice column is established, as a result of temperature-driven increase in ice porosity during spring, algae in the upper parts of the ice are able to migrate toward the bottom and initiate the ice algal spring bloom. Furthermore, this algal repository might seed the bloom in younger ice formed in adjacent leads. This mechanism was studied in detail for the dominant ice diatom Nitzschia frigida. The proposed seeding mechanism may be compromised due to the disappearance of older ice in the anticipated regime shift toward a seasonally ice-free Arctic Ocean.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNorwegian Research Council Grant Number: 244646; Norwegian Ministry of Climate and Environment Grant Number: N-ICE; Norwegian Research Council Grant Number: 221961; Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs Grant Number: ID Arctic; Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Climate and Environment, Norway; Polish-Norwegian Research Program Grant Number: Pol-Nor/197511/40/2013; Research Council of Norway project STASIS Grant Number: 221961; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) Discovery Grant Canada Foundation for Innovation Investment in Science Fund; Research Council of Norway project Boom or Bust Grant Number: 244646; Centre of Ice, Climate and Ecosystemsen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherJohn Wiley & Sonsen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1002/2016JG003668
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/*
dc.subjectIce algaeen_US
dc.subjectArcticen_US
dc.subjectSea iceen_US
dc.subjectN-ICEen_US
dc.subjectMultiyear iceen_US
dc.subjectSeedingen_US
dc.titleThe seeding of ice algal blooms in Arctic pack ice : the multiyear ice seed repository hypothesisen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/2016JG003668


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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International