Thermocline fluctuations in the equatorial Pacific related to the two types of El Niño events
Huang, Rui Xin
MetadataShow full item record
The interannual fluctuations of the equatorial thermocline are usually associated with El Niño activity, but the linkage between the thermocline modes and El Niño is still under debate. In the present study, a mode function decomposition method is applied to the equatorial Pacific thermocline, and the results show that the first two dominant modes (M1 and M2) identify two distinct characteristics of the equatorial Pacific thermocline. The M1 reflects a basinwide zonally tilted thermocline related to the eastern Pacific (EP) El Niño, with shoaling (deepening) in the western (eastern) equatorial Pacific. The M2 represents the central Pacific (CP) El Niño, characterized by a V-shaped equatorial Pacific thermocline (i.e., deep in the central equatorial Pacific and shallow on both the western and eastern boundaries). Furthermore, both modes are stable and significant on the interannual time scale, and manifest as the major feature of the thermocline fluctuations associated with the two types of El Niño events. As good proxies of EP and CP El Niño events, thermocline-based indices clearly reveal the inherent characteristics of subsurface ocean responses during the evolution of El Niño events, which are characterized by the remarkable zonal eastward propagation of equatorial subsurface ocean temperature anomalies, particularly during the CP El Niño. Further analysis of the mixed layer heat budget suggests that the air–sea interactions determine the establishment and development stages of the CP El Niño, while the thermocline feedback is vital for its further development. These results highlight the key influence of equatorial Pacific thermocline fluctuations in conjunction with the air–sea interactions, on the CP El Niño.
Author Posting. © American Meteorological Society, 2017. This article is posted here by permission of American Meteorological Society for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Climate 30 (2017): 6611-6627, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0291.1.
Suggested CitationArticle: Xu, Kang, Huang, Rui Xin, Wang, Weiqiang, Zhu, Congwen, Lu, Riyu, "Thermocline fluctuations in the equatorial Pacific related to the two types of El Niño events", Journal of Climate 30 (2017): 6611-6627, DOI:10.1175/JCLI-D-16-0291.1, https://hdl.handle.net/1912/9196
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Holbrook, W. Steven; Fer, Ilker; Schmitt, Raymond W.; Lizarralde, Daniel; Klymak, Jody M.; Helfrich, L. Cody; Kubichek, Robert (American Meteorological Society, 2013-08)Seismic images of oceanic thermohaline finestructure record vertical displacements from internal waves and turbulence over large sections at unprecedented horizontal resolution. Where reflections follow isopycnals, their ...
Temporal evolution of tritium-³He age in the North Atlantic : implications for thermocline ventilation Robbins, Paul E. (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1997-09)This thesis is a study of the physical mechanisms that ventilate the subtropical thermocline of the eastern North Atlantic. The starting point is an analysis of the existent historical database of natural and anthropogenic ...
Joyce, Terrence M.; Käse, R. H.; Zenk, Walter (Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1981-05)The temporal changes in the low-frequency thermal structure during a two-week period in August-September 1978 are discussed from moored data collected during the JASIN experiment. While some changes in the thermal structure ...