Behavioural, ecological and evolutionary responses to extreme climatic events: challenges and directions
van de Pol, Martijn
Cornelissen, Johannes H. C.
Visser, Marcel E.
MetadataShow full item record
KeywordAttribution; Definition; Idiosyncratic responses; Climate variability; Mechanism; Biological response function
More extreme climatic events (ECEs) are amongst the most prominent consequences of climate change. Despite a long‐standing recognition of the importance of ECEs by paleo‐ecologists and macro‐evolutionary biologists, ECEs have only recently received a strong interest in the wider ecological and evolutionary community. However, as with many rapidly expanding fields, it lacks structure and cohesiveness, which strongly limits scientific progress. Furthermore, due to the descriptive and anecdotal nature of many ECE studies it is still unclear what the most relevant questions and long-term consequences are of ECEs. To improve synthesis, we first discuss ways to define ECEs that facilitate comparison among studies. We then argue that biologists should adhere to more rigorous attribution and mechanistic methods to assess ECE impacts. Subsequently, we discuss conceptual and methodological links with climatology and disturbance-, tipping point- and paleo-ecology. These research fields have close linkages with ECE research, but differ in the identity and/or the relative severity of environmental factors. By summarizing the contributions to this theme issue we draw parallels between behavioural, ecological and evolutionary ECE studies, and suggest that an overarching challenge is that most empirical and theoretical evidence points towards responses being highly idiosyncratic, and thus predictability being low. Finally, we suggest a roadmap based on the proposition that an increased focus on the mechanisms behind the biological response function will be crucial for increased understanding and predictability of the impacts of ECE.
Author Posting. © The Author(s), 2017. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here under a nonexclusive, irrevocable, paid-up, worldwide license granted to WHOI. It is made available for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series B, Biological Sciences, 372 (2017): 2016.0134, doi:10.1098/rstb.2016.0134.
Suggested CitationPreprint: van de Pol, Martijn, Jenouvrier, Stephanie, Cornelissen, Johannes H. C., Visser, Marcel E., "Behavioural, ecological and evolutionary responses to extreme climatic events: challenges and directions", 2017-02, https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2016.0134, https://hdl.handle.net/1912/8993
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Antarctic penguin response to habitat change as Earth's troposphere reaches 2°C above preindustrial levels Ainley, David G.; Russell, Joellen; Jenouvrier, Stephanie; Woehler, Eric; Lyver, Philip O'B.; Fraser, William R.; Kooyman, Gerald L. (Ecological Society of America, 2010-02)We assess the response of pack ice penguins, Emperor (Aptenodytes forsteri) and Adélie (Pygoscelis adeliae), to habitat variability and, then, by modeling habitat alterations, the qualitative changes to their populations, ...
Wintertime atmospheric response to North Atlantic Ocean circulation variability in a climate model Frankignoul, Claude; Gastineau, Guillaume; Kwon, Young-Oh (American Meteorological Society, 2015-10-01)Maximum covariance analysis of a preindustrial control simulation of the NCAR Community Climate System Model, version 4 (CCSM4), shows that a barotropic signal in winter broadly resembling a negative phase of the North ...
Macromolecular rate theory (MMRT) provides a thermodynamics rationale to underpin the convergent temperature response in plant leaf respiration Liang, Liyin L.; Arcus, Vickery; Heskel, Mary; O'Sullivan, Odhran S.; Weerasinghe, Lasantha K.; Creek, Danielle; Egerton, John J. G.; Tjoelker, Mark; Atkin, Owen K.; Schipper, Louis A. (2017-10)Temperature is a crucial factor in determining the rates of ecosystem processes, e.g. leaf respiration (R) − the flux of plant respired CO2 from leaves to the atmosphere. Generally, R increases exponentially with temperature ...