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dc.contributor.authorBlomquist, Charles H.
dc.contributor.authorLima, P. H.
dc.contributor.authorTarrant, Ann M.
dc.contributor.authorAtkinson, M. J.
dc.contributor.authorAtkinson, S.
dc.date.accessioned2006-04-19T18:43:29Z
dc.date.available2006-04-19T18:43:29Z
dc.date.issued2005-12-18
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1912/888
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © The Authors, 2005. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Elsevier B.V. for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part B: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 143 (2006): 397-403, doi:10.1016/j.cbpb.2005.12.017.en
dc.description.abstractSteroid metabolism studies have yielded evidence of 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17β-HSD) activity in corals. This project was undertaken to clarify whether there are multiple isoforms of 17β-HSD, whether activity levels vary seasonally, and if zooxanthellae contribute to activity. 17β-HSD activity was characterized in zooxanthellate and azooxanthellate coral fragments collected in summer and winter and in zooxanthellae cultured from M. capitata. More specifically, 17β-HSD activity was characterized with regard to steroid substrate and inhibitor specificity, coenzyme specificity, and Michaelis constants for estradiol (E2) and NADP+. Six samples each of M. capitata and T. coccinea (three summer, three winter) were assayed with E2 and NADP+. Specific activity levels (pmol/mg protein) varied 10-fold among M. capitata samples and 6-fold among T. coccinea samples. There was overlap of activity levels between summer and winter samples. NADP+/NAD+ activity ratios varied from 1.6 to 22.2 for M. capatita, 2.3 to 3.8 for T. coccinea and 0.7 to 1.1 for zooxanthellae. Coumestrol was the most inhibitory of the steroids and phytoestrogens tested. Our data confirm that corals and zooxanthellae contain 17β-HSD and are consistent with the presence of more than one isoform of the enzyme.en
dc.description.sponsorshipSupport for this work was provided by the EPA STAR fellowship program and the University of Hawaii Sea Grant College Program.en
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dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpb.2005.12.017
dc.subject17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenaseen
dc.subjectSteroiden
dc.subjectCoralen
dc.subjectInvertebrateen
dc.subjectZooxanthellaeen
dc.subjectPhytoestrogensen
dc.subjectEstradiolen
dc.subjectScleractiniaen
dc.title17β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17β-HSD) in scleractinian corals and zooxanthellaeen
dc.typePreprinten


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