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dc.contributor.authorKarchner, Sibel I.
dc.contributor.authorFranks, Diana G.
dc.contributor.authorKennedy, Sean W.
dc.contributor.authorHahn, Mark E.
dc.date.accessioned2006-04-19T14:03:44Z
dc.date.available2006-04-19T14:03:44Z
dc.date.issued2006-04-10
dc.identifier.citationProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103 (2006): 6252-6257en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1912/887
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © National Academy of Sciences, 2006. This article is posted here by permission of National Academy of Sciences for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 103 (2006): 6252-6257, doi:10.1073/pnas.0509950103.en
dc.description.abstract2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and related halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons (HAHs) are highly toxic to most vertebrate animals, but there are dramatic differences in sensitivity among species and strains. Aquatic birds including the common tern (Sterna hirundo) are highly exposed to HAHs in the environment, but are up to 250-fold less sensitive to these compounds than the typical avian model, the domestic chicken (Gallus gallus). The mechanism of HAH toxicity involves altered gene expression subsequent to activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), a basic helix–loop–helix-PAS transcription factor. AHR polymorphisms underlie mouse strain differences in sensitivity to HAHs and polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons, but the role of the AHR in species differences in HAH sensitivity is not well understood. Here, we show that although chicken and tern AHRs both exhibit specific binding of [3H]TCDD, the tern AHR has a lower binding affinity and exhibits a reduced ability to support TCDD-dependent transactivation as compared to AHRs from chicken or mouse. We further show through use of chimeric AHR proteins and site-directed mutagenesis that the difference between the chicken and tern AHRs resides in the ligand-binding domain and that two amino acids (Val-325 and Ala-381) are responsible for the reduced activity of the tern AHR. Other avian species with reduced sensitivity to HAHs also possess these residues. These studies provide a molecular understanding of species differences in sensitivity to dioxin-like compounds and suggest an approach to using the AHR as a marker of dioxin susceptibility in wildlife.en
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was supported by the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration National Sea Grant College Program, Department of Commerce, under Grants NA46RG0470 and NA16RG2273.en
dc.format.extent1902668 bytes
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_USen
dc.publisherNational Academy of Sciencesen
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0509950103
dc.subjectBasic helix–loop–helix-PASen
dc.subjectComparative toxicologyen
dc.subjectMechanismsen
dc.subjectRisk assessmenten
dc.subjectSusceptibilityen
dc.titleThe molecular basis for differential dioxin sensitivity in birds : role of the aryl hydrocarbon receptoren
dc.typeArticleen
dc.identifier.doi10.1073/pnas.0509950103


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