Dynamic triggering and earthquake swarms on East Pacific Rise transform faults
McGuire, Jeffrey J.
Collins, John A.
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While dynamic earthquake triggering has been reported in several continental settings, offshore observations are rare. Oceanic transform faults share properties with continental geothermal areas known for dynamic triggering: high geothermal gradients, high seismicity rates, and frequent swarms. We study dynamic triggering along the East Pacific Rise by analyzing 1 year of seismicity recorded by Ocean Bottom Seismographs. By comparing the response to teleseismic waves from global earthquakes, we find triggering to be most sensitive to changes in normal stress and to preferentially occur above 0.25 kPa. The clearest example of triggering occurs on the Quebrada and Gofar faults after the Mw8.0 Wenchuan earthquake. On Gofar, triggered seismicity occurs between the rupture areas of large earthquakes, within a zone characterized by aseismic slip, abundant microseismicity, frequent swarms, and low Vp. We infer that lithological properties inhibiting rupture propagation, such as high porosity and fluid content, also favor dynamic triggering.
Author Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2017. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Geophysical Research Letters 44 (2017): 702-710, doi:10.1002/2016GL070857.
Suggested CitationArticle: Cattania, Camilla, McGuire, Jeffrey J., Collins, John A., "Dynamic triggering and earthquake swarms on East Pacific Rise transform faults", Geophysical Research Letters 44 (2017): 702-710, DOI:10.1002/2016GL070857, https://hdl.handle.net/1912/8841
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