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dc.contributor.authorDe Pooter, Daphnis  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorAppeltans, Ward  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBailly, Nicolas  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBristol, Sky  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorDeneudt, Klaas  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorEliezer, Menashè  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorFujioka, Ei  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorGiorgetti, Alessandra  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorGoldstein, Philip  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorLewis, Mirtha  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorLipizer, Marina  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMackay, Kevin  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMarin, Maria  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMoncoiffe, Gwenaelle  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorNikolopoulou, Stamatina  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorProvoost, Pieter  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorRauch, Shannon  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorRoubicek, Andres  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorTorres, Carlos  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorvan de Putte, Anton  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorVandepitte, Leen  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorVanhoorne, Bart  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorVinci, Matteo  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorWambiji, Nina  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorWatts, David  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSalas, Eduardo Klein  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHernandez, Francisco  Concept link
dc.identifier.citationBiodiversity Data Journal 5 (2017): e10989en_US
dc.description© The Author(s), 2017. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Biodiversity Data Journal 5 (2017): e10989, doi:10.3897/BDJ.5.e10989.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) is the world’s most comprehensive online, open-access database of marine species distributions. OBIS grows with millions of new species observations every year. Contributions come from a network of hundreds of institutions, projects and individuals with common goals: to build a scientific knowledge base that is open to the public for scientific discovery and exploration and to detect trends and changes that inform society as essential elements in conservation management and sustainable development. Until now, OBIS has focused solely on the collection of biogeographic data (the presence of marine species in space and time) and operated with optimized data flows, quality control procedures and data standards specifically targeted to these data. Based on requirements from the growing OBIS community to manage datasets that combine biological, physical and chemical measurements, the OBIS-ENV-DATA pilot project was launched to develop a proposed standard and guidelines to make sure these combined datasets can stay together and are not, as is often the case, split and sent to different repositories. The proposal in this paper allows for the management of sampling methodology, animal tracking and telemetry data, biological measurements (e.g., body length, percent live cover, ...) as well as environmental measurements such as nutrient concentrations, sediment characteristics or other abiotic parameters measured during sampling to characterize the environment from which biogeographic data was collected. The recommended practice builds on the Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) standard and on practices adopted by the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF). It consists of a DwC Event Core in combination with a DwC Occurrence Extension and a proposed enhancement to the DwC MeasurementOrFact Extension. This new structure enables the linkage of measurements or facts - quantitative and qualitative properties - to both sampling events and species occurrences, and includes additional fields for property standardization. We also embrace the use of the new parentEventID DwC term, which enables the creation of a sampling event hierarchy. We believe that the adoption of this recommended practice as a new data standard for managing and sharing biological and associated environmental datasets by IODE and the wider international scientific community would be key to improving the effectiveness of the knowledge base, and will enhance integration and management of critical data needed to understand ecological and biological processes in the ocean, and on land.en_US
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.subjectDarwin Core Archiveen_US
dc.subjectSample eventen_US
dc.subjectSpecies occurrenceen_US
dc.subjectEnvironmental dataen_US
dc.subjectEcosystem dataen_US
dc.subjectTelemetry dataen_US
dc.subjectData standardisationen_US
dc.subjectOceanographic dataen_US
dc.titleToward a new data standard for combined marine biological and environmental datasets - expanding OBIS beyond species occurrencesen_US

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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International