Chlorophyll fluorescence tracks seasonal variations of photosynthesis from leaf to canopy in a temperate forest
Munger, J. William
MetadataShow full item record
KeywordSolar induced fluorescence; Photosynthesis; Gross primary production; Chlorophyll; Vegetation indices; Carbon cycle
Accurate estimation of terrestrial gross primary productivity (GPP) remains a challenge despite its importance in the global carbon cycle. Chlorophyll fluorescence (ChlF) has been recently adopted to understand photosynthesis and its response to the environment, particularly with remote sensing data. However, it remains unclear how ChlF and photosynthesis are linked at different spatial scales across the growing season. We examined seasonal relationships between ChlF and photosynthesis at the leaf, canopy, and ecosystem scales, and explored how leaf-level ChlF was linked with canopy-scale solar induced chlorophyll fluorescence (SIF) in a temperate deciduous forest at Harvard Forest, Massachusetts, USA. Our results show that ChlF captured the seasonal variations of photosynthesis with significant linear relationships between ChlF and photosynthesis across the growing season over different spatial scales (R2=0.73, 0.77 and 0.86 at leaf, canopy and satellite scales, respectively; p<0.0001). We developed a model to estimate GPP from the tower-based measurement of SIF and leaf-level ChlF parameters. The estimation of GPP from this model agreed well with flux tower observations of GPP (R2=0.68; p<0.0001), demonstrating the potential of SIF for modeling GPP. At the leaf scale, we found that leaf Fq’/Fm’, the fraction of absorbed photons that are used for photochemistry for a light adapted measurement from a pulse amplitude modulation fluorometer, was the best leaf fluorescence parameter to correlate with canopy-SIF yield (SIF/APAR, R2=0.79; p<0.0001). We also found that canopy-SIF and SIF-derived GPP (GPPSIF) were strongly correlated to leaf-level biochemistry and canopy structure, including chlorophyll content (R2=0.65 for canopy-GPPSIF and chlorophyll content; p<0.0001), leaf area index (LAI) (R2=0.35 for canopy-GPPSIF and LAI; p<0.0001), and normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) (R2=0.36 for canopy-GPPSIF and NDVI; p<0.0001). Our results suggest that ChlF can be a powerful tool to track photosynthetic rates at leaf, canopy, and ecosystem scales.
Author Posting. © The Author(s), 2016. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of John Wiley & Sons for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Global Change Biology 23 (2017): 2874-2886, doi: 10.1111/gcb.13590.
Suggested CitationPreprint: Yang, Hualei, Yang, Xi, Zhang, Yongguang, Heskel, Mary, Lu, Xiaoliang, Munger, J. William, Sun, Shucun, Tang, Jianwu, "Chlorophyll fluorescence tracks seasonal variations of photosynthesis from leaf to canopy in a temperate forest", 2016-11, https://doi.org/10.1111/gcb.13590, https://hdl.handle.net/1912/8611
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Submesoscale hotspots of productivity and respiration : insights from high-resolution oxygen and fluorescence sections Stanley, Rachel H. R.; McGillicuddy, Dennis J.; Sandwith, Zoe O.; Pleskow, Haley M. (2017-10)Modeling studies have shown that mesoscale and submesoscale processes can stimulate phytoplankton productivity and export production. Here, we present observations from an undulating, towed Video Plankton Recorder (VPR-II) ...
Looking deeper into the soil : biophysical controls and seasonal lags of soil CO2 production and efflux Vargas, Rodrigo; Baldocchi, Dennis D.; Allen, Michael F.; Bahn, Michael; Black, T. Andrew; Collins, Scott L.; Yuste, Jorge Curiel; Hirano, Takashi; Jassal, Rachhpal S.; Pumpanen, Jukka; Tang, Jianwu (Ecological Society of America, 2010-09)We seek to understand how biophysical factors such as soil temperature (Ts), soil moisture (θ), and gross primary production (GPP) influence CO2 fluxes across terrestrial ecosystems. Recent advancements in automated ...
The ecology of colonial radiolarians : their colony morphology, trophic interactions and associations, behavior, distribution, and the photosynthesis of their symbionts Swanberg, Neil Ralph (Massachusetts Institute of Technology and Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 1979-08)Colonial radiolarians (Spumellaria) are among the most common and abundant large zooplankton, but they have been little studied by modern biologists. Colonies were found on 98% of epipelagic diving stations in the period ...