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dc.contributor.authorMcMahon, Kelton W.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorThorrold, Simon R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHoughton, Leah A.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBerumen, Michael L.  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2016-10-26T18:46:20Z
dc.date.available2016-11-21T08:55:10Z
dc.date.issued2015-11
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/8470
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © The Author(s), 2015. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Springer for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Oecologia 180 (2016): 809-821, doi:10.1007/s00442-015-3475-3.en_US
dc.description.abstractCoral reefs support spectacularly productive and diverse communities in tropical and sub26 tropical waters throughout the world’s oceans. Debate continues, however, on the degree to which reef biomass is supported by new water column production, benthic primary production, and recycled detrital carbon. We coupled compound-specific δ13C analyses with Bayesian mixing models to quantify carbon flow from primary producers to coral reef fishes across multiple feeding guilds and trophic positions in the Red Sea. Analyses of reef fishes with putative diets composed primarily of zooplankton (Amblyglyphidodon indicus), benthic macroalgae (Stegastes nigricans), reef-associated detritus (Ctenochaetus striatus), and coral tissue (Chaetodon trifascialis) confirmed that δ13C values of essential amino acids from all baseline carbon sources were both isotopically diagnostic and accurately recorded in consumer tissues. While all four source end-members contributed to the production of coral reef fishes in our study, a single source end-member often dominated dietary carbon assimilation of a given species, even for highly mobile, generalist top predators. Microbially-reworked detritus was an important secondary carbon source for most species. Seascape configuration played an important role in structuring resource utilization patterns. For instance, L. ehrenbergii, showed a significant shift from a benthic macroalgal food web on shelf reefs (71 ± 13% of dietary carbon) to a phytoplankton-based food web (72 ± 11%) on oceanic reefs. Our work provides insights into the roles that diverse carbon sources play in the structure and function of coral reef ecosystems and illustrates a powerful fingerprinting method to develop and test nutritional frameworks for understanding resource utilization.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was based on work supported by Awards USA 00002 and KSA 00011 from King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST); additional funding was provided by the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI), a KAUST-WHOI award (SPCF-7000000104), and KAUST baseline research funds.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1007/s00442-015-3475-3
dc.subjectAmino acidsen_US
dc.subjectBayesian mixing modelen_US
dc.subjectDieten_US
dc.subjectFishen_US
dc.subjectRed Seaen_US
dc.titleTracing carbon flow through coral reef food webs using a compound-specific stable isotope approachen_US
dc.typePreprinten_US
dc.description.embargo2016-11-21en_US


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