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dc.contributor.authorMahadevan, Amala  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSpiro Jaeger, Gualtiero  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorFreilich, Mara  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorOmand, Melissa M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorShroyer, Emily L.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSengupta, Debasis  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2016-09-08T18:46:36Z
dc.date.available2016-09-08T18:46:36Z
dc.date.issued2016-06
dc.identifier.citationOceanography 29, no. 2 (2016): 72–81en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/8304
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © The Oceanography Society, 2016. This article is posted here by permission of The Oceanography Society for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Oceanography 29, no. 2 (2016): 72–81, doi:10.5670/oceanog.2016.40.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe strong salinity stratification in the upper 50–80 m of the Bay of Bengal affects the response of the upper ocean to surface heat fluxes. Using observations from November to December 2013, we examine the effect of surface cooling on the temperature structure of the ocean in a one-dimensional framework. The presence of freshwater adds gravitational stability to the density stratification and prevents convective overturning, even when the surface becomes cooler than the subsurface. This stable salinity stratification traps heat within subsurface layers. The ocean’s reluctance to release the heat trapped within these subsurface warm layers can contribute to delayed rise in surface temperature and heat loss from the ocean as winter progresses. Understanding the dispersal of freshwater throughout the bay can help scientists assess its potential for generating the anomalous temperature response. We use the Aquarius along-track surface salinity and satellite-derived surface velocities to trace the evolution and modification of salinity in the Lagrangian frame of water parcels as they move through the bay with the mesoscale circulation. This advective tracking of surface salinities provides a Lagrangian interpolation of the monthly salinity fields in 2013 and shows the evolution of the freshwater distribution. The along-trajectory rate of salinification of water as it leaves the northern bay is estimated and interpreted to result from mixing processes that are likely related to the host of submesoscale signatures observed during our field campaigns.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by the Office of Naval Research (grant N000141310451).en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherThe Oceanography Societyen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2016.40
dc.titleFreshwater in the Bay of Bengal : its fate and role in air-sea heat exchangeen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.5670/oceanog.2016.40


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