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dc.contributor.authorHoagland, Porter  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-30T18:32:59Z
dc.date.available2016-08-30T18:32:59Z
dc.date.issued1985-05
dc.identifier.citationHoagland, P. (1985). Patent activity in the seabed mining industry. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. https://doi.org/10.1575/1912/8279
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/8279
dc.description.abstractPatent issues are one way to observe the behavior of private firms and government agencies at a formative stage in an industry's development when, for strategic reasons, these participants are careful about disclosing details of their activities. The seabed mining industry is a good example of an industry in its formative stages. This industry has been characterized in large part by the research and development (R&D) of technology to recover minerals from deep ocean polymetallic nodules and to process them metallurgically into metal products. The nearly 400 seabed mining patents that have been granted worldwide are a rough measure of this R&D activity. Patent issues can reveal several interesting aspects of an industry: (a) the identity of participants; (b) the generic type of technology; (c) the technological concentration of patent holders; (d) the technological integration of patent holders; and (e) the timing of inventive activity. In some cases, industrial motivations and strategies may be inferred from these aspects . Moreover, seabed mining might be subject to the cyclical fluctuations of markets for the metals contained in polymetallic nodules. Patent activity could provide some insight into the nature of a possible seabed mining industry cycle.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipFunding was provided by the U.S. Department of Commerce, NOAA, National Sea Grant College Program under grants Nos. NABOAA-D-0007 (R/ S-7), NA83AA-D-00049 (R/ G-7), and NA84AA-D-00033 (R/ G-7). Research supported by the Marine Policy Center's Johnson Endowment Fund.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherWoods Hole Oceanographic Institutionen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesWHOI Technical Reportsen_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesWHOI-85-20en_US
dc.subjectOcean miningen_US
dc.subjectPatentsen_US
dc.titlePatent activity in the seabed mining industryen_US
dc.typeTechnical Reporten_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1575/1912/8279


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