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dc.contributor.authorRii, Yoshimi M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorDuhamel, Solange  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBidigare, Robert R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorKarl, David M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorRepeta, Daniel J.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorChurch, Matthew J.  Concept link
dc.identifier.citationLimnology and Oceanography 61 (2016): 806–824en_US
dc.description© The Author(s), 2016. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Limnology and Oceanography 61 (2016): 806–824, doi:10.1002/lno.10255.en_US
dc.description.abstractPicophytoplankton, including photosynthetic picoeukaryotes (PPE) and unicellular cyanobacteria, are important contributors to plankton biomass and primary productivity. In this study, phytoplankton composition and rates of carbon fixation were examined across a large trophic gradient in the South East Pacific Ocean (SEP) using a suite of approaches: photosynthetic pigments, rates of 14C-primary productivity, and phylogenetic analyses of partial 18S rRNA genes PCR amplified and sequenced from flow cytometrically sorted cells. While phytoplankton >10 μm (diatoms and dinoflagellates) were prevalent in the upwelling region off the Chilean coast, picophytoplankton consistently accounted for 55–92% of the total chlorophyll a inventories and >60% of 14C-primary productivity throughout the sampling region. Estimates of rates of 14C-primary productivity derived from flow cytometric sorting of radiolabeled cells revealed that the contributions of PPE and Prochlorococcus to euphotic zone depth-integrated picoplankton productivity were nearly equivalent (ranging 36–57%) along the transect, with PPE comprising a larger share of picoplankton productivity than cyanobacteria in the well-lit (>15% surface irradiance) region compared with in the lower regions (1–7% surface irradiance) of the euphotic zone. 18S rRNA gene sequence analyses revealed the taxonomic identities of PPE; e.g., Mamiellophyceae (Ostreococcus) were the dominant PPE in the upwelling-influenced waters, while members of the Chrysophyceae, Prymnesiophyceae, Pelagophyceae, and Prasinophyceae Clades VII and IX flourished in the oligotrophic South Pacific Subtropical Gyre. Our results suggest that, despite low numerical abundance in comparison to cyanobacteria, diverse members of PPE are significant contributors to carbon cycling across biogeochemically distinct regions of the SEP.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipSupport for this work derived from U.S. National Science Foundation grants to C-MORE (EF-0424599; DMK) and OCE-1241263 (MJC). Additional support was received from the University of Hawai'i Denise B. Evans Research Fellowship in Oceanography (YMR), the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation (DMK), and the Simons Foundation via the Simons Collaboration on Ocean Processes and Ecology (SCOPE: DJR, MJC, and DMK).en_US
dc.publisherJohn Wiley & Sonsen_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International*
dc.titleDiversity and productivity of photosynthetic picoeukaryotes in biogeochemically distinct regions of the South East Pacific Oceanen_US

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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International