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dc.contributor.authorKirincich, Anthony R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorGawarkiewicz, Glen G.  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-26T17:14:33Z
dc.date.available2016-09-19T07:51:31Z
dc.date.issued2016-03-19
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 121 (2016): 1789–1805en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/8026
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © American Geophysical Union, 2016. This article is posted here by permission of American Geophysical Union for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 121 (2016): 1789–1805, doi:10.1002/2015JC011252.en_US
dc.description.abstractThe drivers of spring and summer variability within the coastal ocean east of Cape Cod, Massachusetts, a critical link between the Gulf of Maine and Mid-Atlantic Bight, are investigated using 2 years of shipboard and moored hydrographic and velocity observations from 2010 and 2011. The observations reveal sharp differences in the spring transition and along-shelf circulation due to variable freshwater and meteorological forcing, along with along-shelf pressure gradients. The role of the along-shelf pressure gradient is inferred using in situ observations of turbulent momentum flux, or Reynolds stresses, estimated from the ADCP-based velocities using recently developed methods and an inversion of the along-shelf momentum balance. During spring, the locally relevant along-shelf pressure gradient contains a sizable component that is not coupled to the along-shelf winds and often opposes the regional sea level gradient. Together with the winds, local pressure gradients dominate along-shelf transport variability during spring, while density-driven geostrophic flows appear to match the contribution of the local winds during summer. These results suggest that local effects along the Outer Cape have the potential to cause significant changes in exchange between the basins.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNOAA. Grant Number: NA10OAR4170083; Woods Hole Oceanographic Institutionen_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherJohn Wiley & Sonsen_US
dc.relation.hasparthttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/7630
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1002/2015JC011252
dc.subjectCoastal circulationen_US
dc.subjectReynolds stressesen_US
dc.subjectPressure gradientsen_US
dc.subjectAlong shelf transporten_US
dc.subjectInter-annual variabilityen_US
dc.titleDrivers of spring and summer variability in the coastal ocean offshore of Cape Cod, MAen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.description.embargo2016-09-19en_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/2015JC011252


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