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dc.contributor.authorBill, Brian D.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMoore, Stephanie K.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHay, Levi R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorAnderson, Donald M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorTrainer, Vera L.  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-23T19:08:18Z
dc.date.available2016-05-23T19:08:18Z
dc.date.issued2016-02-25
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Phycology 52 (2016): 230–238en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/8024
dc.descriptionThis paper is not subject to U.S. copyright. The definitive version was published in Journal of Phycology 52 (2016): 230–238, doi:10.1111/jpy.12386.en_US
dc.description.abstractToxin-producing blooms of dinoflagellates in the genus Alexandrium have plagued the inhabitants of the Salish Sea for centuries. Yet the environmental conditions that promote accelerated growth of this organism, a producer of paralytic shellfish toxins, is lacking. This study quantitatively determined the growth response of two Alexandrium isolates to a range of temperatures and salinities, factors that will strongly respond to future climate change scenarios. An empirical equation, derived from observed growth rates describing the temperature and salinity dependence of growth, was used to hindcast bloom risk. Hindcasting was achieved by comparing predicted growth rates, calculated from in situ temperature and salinity data from Quartermaster Harbor, with corresponding Alexandrium cell counts and shellfish toxin data. The greatest bloom risk, defined at μ >0.25 d−1, generally occurred from April through November annually; however, growth rates rarely fell below 0.10 d−1. Except for a few occasions, Alexandrium cells were only observed during the periods of highest bloom risk and paralytic shellfish toxins above the regulatory limit always fell within the periods of predicted bloom occurrence. While acknowledging that Alexandrium growth rates are affected by other abiotic and biotic factors, such as grazing pressure and nutrient availability, the use of this empirical growth function to predict higher risk time frames for blooms and toxic shellfish within the Salish Sea provides the groundwork for a more comprehensive biological model of Alexandrium bloom dynamics in the region and will enhance our ability to forecast blooms in the Salish Sea under future climate change scenarios.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNOAA Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Bloom (ECOHAB) Program; Woods Hole Center for Oceans and Human Health; National Science Foundation Grant Number: OCE-1314642; National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences Grant Number: 1-P01-ES021923-01en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherJohn Wiley & Sonsen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1111/jpy.12386
dc.subjectAlexandriumen_US
dc.subjectGrowth rateen_US
dc.subjectHABen_US
dc.subjectHarmful algaeen_US
dc.subjectHindcasten_US
dc.subjectPuget Sounden_US
dc.subjectSalinityen_US
dc.subjectSalish Seaen_US
dc.subjectTemperatureen_US
dc.titleEffects of temperature and salinity on the growth of Alexandrium (Dinophyceae) isolates from the Salish Seaen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/jpy.12386


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