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dc.contributor.authorLien, Ren-Chieh  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMa, Barry  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorLee, Craig M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSanford, Thomas B.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMensah, Vigan  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorCenturioni, Luca R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorCornuelle, Bruce D.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorGopalakrishnan, Ganesh  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorGordon, Arnold L.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorChang, Ming-Huei  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorJayne, Steven R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorYang, Yiing-Jang  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2016-02-19T18:11:14Z
dc.date.available2016-02-19T18:11:14Z
dc.date.issued2015-12
dc.identifier.citationOceanography 28, no. 4 (2015): 54–63en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/7790
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © The Oceanography Society, 2015. This article is posted here by permission of The Oceanography Society for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Oceanography 28, no. 4 (2015): 54–63, doi:10.5670/oceanog.2015.81.en_US
dc.description.abstractCurrent structure, transport, and water mass properties of the northward-flowing Kuroshio and the southward-flowing Luzon Undercurrent (LU) were observed for nearly one year, June 8, 2012–June 4, 2013, across the Kuroshio path at 18.75°N. Observations were made from four platforms: an array of six subsurface ADCP moorings, two Seagliders, fivepressure inverted echo sounders (PIES), and five horizontal electric field (HEF) sensors, providing the most detailed time series of the Kuroshio and Luzon Undercurrent water properties to date. Ocean state estimates of the western boundary current system were performed using the MIT general circulation model—four-dimensional variational assimilation (MITgcm-4D-Var) system. Prominent Kuroshio features from observations are simulated well by the numerical model. Annual mean Kuroshio transport, averaged over all platforms, is ~16 Sv with a standard deviation ~4 Sv. Kuroshio and LU transports and water mass pathways east of Luzon are revealed by Seaglider measurements. In a layer above the salinity maximum associated with North Pacific Tropical Water (NPTW), Kuroshio transport is ~7 Sv and contains North Equatorial Current (NEC) and Western Philippine Sea (WPS) waters, with an insignificant amount of South China Sea water on the shallow western flank. In an intermediate layer containing the core of the NPTW, Kuroshio transport is ~10 Sv, consisting mostly of NEC water. In the lower layer of the Kuroshio, transport is ~1.5 Sv of mostly North Pacific Intermediate Water (NPIW) as a part of WPS waters. Annual mean Luzon Undercurrent southward transport integrated to 1,000 m depth is ~2.7 Sv with a standard deviation ~2 Sv, carrying solely WPS waters below the salinity minimum of the NPIW. The transport of the western boundary current integrated over the full ocean depth east of Luzon Island is ~14 ± 4.5 Sv. Sources of the water masses in the Kuroshio and Luzon Undercurrent are confirmed qualitatively by the numerical model.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by the US Office of Naval Research (N00014-10-1-0273 and N00014-15-1-2285 to BDC, N00014-10-1-0273 to GG, N00014-14-1-0065 to ALG, N00014-10-1-0468 to TBS, N0001-10-1-0273 to LRC, N00014-10-1-0308 to CML, N00014-10-1-0397 and N00014-10-1-0273 to BM, N00014-10-1-0397 to RCL, and N00014-10-1-0268 to SRJ) and the Taiwan Ministry of Science and Technology. Yang, Chang, and Mensah are supported by the Taiwan Ministry of Science and Technology.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherThe Oceanography Societyen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2015.81
dc.titleThe Kuroshio and Luzon Undercurrent east of Luzon Islanden_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.5670/oceanog.2015.81


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