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dc.contributor.authorAmaral-Zettler, Linda A.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorZettler, Erik R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSlikas, Beth  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBoyd, Gregory D.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMelvin, Donald W.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMorrall, Clare E.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorProskurowski, Giora  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMincer, Tracy J.  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-29T18:58:30Z
dc.date.available2015-12-29T18:58:30Z
dc.date.issued2015-12
dc.identifier.citationFrontiers in Ecology and the Environment 13 (2015): 541–546en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/7709
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © Ecological Society of America, 2015. This article is posted here by permission of Ecological Society of America for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 13 (2015): 541–546, doi:10.1890/150017.en_US
dc.description.abstractMicroplastics (particles less than 5 mm) numerically dominate marine debris and occur from coastal waters to mid-ocean gyres, where surface circulation concentrates them. Given the prevalence of plastic marine debris (PMD) and the rise in plastic production, the impacts of plastic on marine ecosystems will likely increase. Microscopic life (the “Plastisphere”) thrives on these tiny floating “islands” of debris and can be transported long distances. Using next-generation DNA sequencing, we characterized bacterial communities from water and plastic samples from the North Pacific and North Atlantic subtropical gyres to determine whether the composition of different Plastisphere communities reflects their biogeographic origins. We found that these communities differed between ocean basins – and to a lesser extent between polymer types – and displayed latitudinal gradients in species richness. Our research reveals some of the impacts of microplastics on marine biodiversity, demonstrates that the effects and fate of PMD may vary considerably in different parts of the global ocean, and suggests that PMD mitigation will require regional management efforts.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by a US National Science Foundation (NSF) collaborative grant to LAA-Z (OCE-1155571), ERZ (OCE-1155379), and TJM (OCE-1155671), and was partially funded by an NSF TUES grant (DUE-1043468) to LAA-Z and ERZ, and by the Richard Saltonstall Charitable Foundation to TJM. GP was funded through the OCE-1155379 grant and assisted with identification of plastic resins via ATR-FTIR.en_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherEcological Society of Americaen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1890/150017
dc.titleThe biogeography of the Plastisphere : implications for policyen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.1890/150017


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