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dc.contributor.authorProshutinsky, Andrey  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorDukhovskoy, Dmitry S.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorTimmermans, Mary-Louise  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorKrishfield, Richard A.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBamber, Jonathan L.  Concept link
dc.identifier.citationPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A 373 (2015): 20140160en_US
dc.description© The Author(s), 2015. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A 373 (2015): 20140160, doi:10.1098/rsta.2014.0160.en_US
dc.description.abstractBetween 1948 and 1996, mean annual environmental parameters in the Arctic experienced a well-pronounced decadal variability with two basic circulation patterns: cyclonic and anticyclonic alternating at 5 to 7 year intervals. During cyclonic regimes, low sea-level atmospheric pressure (SLP) dominated over the Arctic Ocean driving sea ice and the upper ocean counterclockwise; the Arctic atmosphere was relatively warm and humid, and freshwater flux from the Arctic Ocean towards the subarctic seas was intensified. By contrast, during anticylonic circulation regimes, high SLP dominated driving sea ice and the upper ocean clockwise. Meanwhile, the atmosphere was cold and dry and the freshwater flux from the Arctic to the subarctic seas was reduced. Since 1997, however, the Arctic system has been under the influence of an anticyclonic circulation regime (17 years) with a set of environmental parameters that are atypical for this regime. We discuss a hypothesis explaining the causes and mechanisms regulating the intensity and duration of Arctic circulation regimes, and speculate how changes in freshwater fluxes from the Arctic Ocean and Greenland impact environmental conditions and interrupt their decadal variability.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipSupport was provided by US National Science Foundation PLR 1313614, 1203720, 1107277 and 0856531 to A.P., PLR-0804017 to D.D. and by the HYCOM consortium (no. N00014-09-1-0587) to D.D.en_US
dc.publisherThe Royal Societyen_US
dc.rightsAttribution 4.0 International*
dc.subjectArctic climate variabilityen_US
dc.subjectCirculation regimesen_US
dc.subjectFreshwater and heat contenten_US
dc.titleArctic circulation regimesen_US

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Attribution 4.0 International
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution 4.0 International