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dc.contributor.authorDukhovskoy, Dmitry S.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorUbnoske, Jonathan  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBlanchard-Wrigglesworth, Edward  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorHiester, Hannah R.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorProshutinsky, Andrey  Concept link
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 120 (2015): 5910–5931en_US
dc.description© The Author(s), 2015. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans 120 (2015): 5910–5931, doi:10.1002/2015JC010989.en_US
dc.description.abstractFive quantitative methodologies (metrics) that may be used to assess the skill of sea ice models against a control field are analyzed. The methodologies are Absolute Deviation, Root-Mean-Square Deviation, Mean Displacement, Hausdorff Distance, and Modified Hausdorff Distance. The methodologies are employed to quantify similarity between spatial distribution of the simulated and control scalar fields providing measures of model performance. To analyze their response to dissimilarities in two-dimensional fields (contours), the metrics undergo sensitivity tests (scale, rotation, translation, and noise). Furthermore, in order to assess their ability to quantify resemblance of three-dimensional fields, the metrics are subjected to sensitivity tests where tested fields have continuous random spatial patterns inside the contours. The Modified Hausdorff Distance approach demonstrates the best response to tested differences, with the other methods limited by weak responses to scale and translation. Both Hausdorff Distance and Modified Hausdorff Distance metrics are robust to noise, as opposed to the other methods. The metrics are then employed in realistic cases that validate sea ice concentration fields from numerical models and sea ice mean outlook against control data and observations. The Modified Hausdorff Distance method again exhibits high skill in quantifying similarity between both two-dimensional (ice contour) and three-dimensional (ice concentration) sea ice fields. The study demonstrates that the Modified Hausdorff Distance is a mathematically tractable and efficient method for model skill assessment and comparison providing effective and objective evaluation of both two-dimensional and three-dimensional sea ice characteristics across data sets.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipU.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) Grant Number: PLR-0804017, NASA JPL OVWST, Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM), FSU Grant Number: M12PC00003, NSF Grant Numbers: projects PLR-0804010 , PLR-1313614 , PLR-1203720, BP/The Gulf of Mexico Research Initiative Grant Number: SA12-12, GoMRI-008, DoD High Performance Computing Modernization Programen_US
dc.publisherJohn Wiley & Sonsen_US
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International*
dc.subjectSea ice modelen_US
dc.subjectSea ice model validationen_US
dc.subjectModel skill assessmenten_US
dc.titleSkill metrics for evaluation and comparison of sea ice modelsen_US

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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International