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dc.contributor.authorKeigwin, Lloyd D.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorLehman, Scott J.  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-12T17:52:28Z
dc.date.available2015-08-12T17:52:28Z
dc.date.issued2014-09
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/7457
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © The Author(s), 2014. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Elsevier for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Earth and Planetary Science Letters 425 (2015): 93-104, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2015.05.025.en_US
dc.description.abstractWe investigate the radiocarbon ventilation age in deep equatorial Pacific sediment cores using the difference in conventional 14C age between coexisting benthic and planktonic foraminifera, and integrate those results with similar data from around the North Pacific Ocean in a reconstruction for the last glaciation (15 to 25 conventional 14C ka). Most new data from both the Equatorial Pacific and the Emperor Seamounts in the northwestern Pacific come from maxima in abundance of benthic taxa because this strategy reduces the effect of bioturbation. Although there remains considerable scatter in the ventilation age estimates, on average, ventilation ages in the Equatorial Pacific were significantly greater below 3.2 km (~3080 ±1125 yrs, n=15) than in the depth interval 1.9 to 3.0 km (~1610 ± 250 yrs, n=12). When compared to the average modern seawater Δ14C profile for the North Pacific, the Equatorial Pacific glacial data suggest an abyssal front located somewhere between 3.0 and 3.2 km modern water depth. Above that depth, the data may indicate slightly better ventilation than today, and below that depth, glacial Equatorial Pacific data appear to be as old as last glacial maximum (LGM) deep water ages reported for the deep southern Atlantic. This suggests that a glacial reservoir of aged waters extended throughout the circumpolar Southern Ocean and into the Equatorial Pacific. Renewed ventilation of such a large volume of aged (and, by corollary, carbon-rich) water would help to account for the rise in atmospheric pCO2 and the fall in Δ14C as the glaciation drew to a close.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was funded by NSF grants OCE-1031224 and OCE-0424861 to LDK and 0851391 to SJL.en_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2015.05.025
dc.subjectRadiocarbonen_US
dc.subjectForaminiferaen_US
dc.subjectOcean ventilationen_US
dc.subjectPacific Oceanen_US
dc.titleRadiocarbon evidence for a possible abyssal front near 3.1 km in the glacial equatorial Pacific Oceanen_US
dc.typePreprinten_US


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