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dc.contributor.authorBreitburg, Denise L.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSalisbury, Joseph E.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorBernhard, Joan M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorCai, Wei-Jun  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorDupont, Sam  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorDoney, Scott C.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorKroeker, Kristy J.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorLevin, Lisa A.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorLong, W. Christopher  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMilke, Lisa M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorMiller, Seth H.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorPhelan, Beth  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorPassow, Uta  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSeibel, Brad A.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorTodgham, Anne E.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorTarrant, Ann M.  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-05T20:13:12Z
dc.date.available2015-08-05T20:13:12Z
dc.date.issued2015-06
dc.identifier.citationOceanography 28, no. 2 (2015): 48-61en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/7453
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © The Oceanography Society, 2015. This article is posted here by permission of The Oceanography Society for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Oceanography 28, no. 2 (2015): 48-61, doi:10.5670/oceanog.2015.31.en_US
dc.description.abstractOceanic and coastal waters are acidifying due to processes dominated in the open ocean by increasing atmospheric CO2 and dominated in estuaries and some coastal waters by nutrient-fueled respiration. The patterns and severity of acidification, as well as its effects, are modified by the host of stressors related to human activities that also influence these habitats. Temperature, deoxygenation, and changes in food webs are particularly important co-stressors because they are pervasive, and both their causes and effects are often mechanistically linked to acidification. Development of a theoretical underpinning to multiple stressor research that considers physiological, ecological, and evolutionary perspectives is needed because testing all combinations of stressors and stressor intensities experimentally is impossible. Nevertheless, use of a wide variety of research approaches is a logical and promising strategy for improving understanding of acidification and its effects. Future research that focuses on spatial and temporal patterns of stressor interactions and on identifying mechanisms by which multiple stressors affect individuals, populations, and ecosystems is critical. It is also necessary to incorporate consideration of multiple stressors into management, mitigation, and adaptation to acidification and to increase public and policy recognition of the importance of addressing acidification in the context of the suite of other stressors with which it potentially interacts.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipFunding for research on acidification and multiple stressors was provided by NOAACSCOR NA10NOS4780138 to DLB, NASA NNX14AL8 to JS, NSF OCE-1219948 to JMB, NSF OCE-927445 and OCE-1041062 to LAL, NSF EF-1041070 to W-JC, a Linnaeus grant from the Swedish Research Councils VR and Formas to SD, NSF EF-0424599 to SCD, NSF OCE-1041038 to UP, NSF EF-1316113 to BAS, NSF ANT-1142122 to AET, NSF OCE-1316040 to AMT, and the NOAA Ocean Acidification Program Office to BP, LMM, and WCL.en_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherThe Oceanography Societyen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.5670/oceanog.2015.31
dc.titleAnd on top of all that… coping with ocean acidification in the midst of many stressorsen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.identifier.doi10.5670/oceanog.2015.31


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