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dc.contributor.authorVillacorte, Loreen O.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorAlizadeh Tabatabai, S. Assiyeh  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorAnderson, Donald M.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorAmy, Gary L.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorSchippers, Jan C.  Concept link
dc.contributor.authorKennedy, Maria D.  Concept link
dc.date.accessioned2015-04-24T17:31:10Z
dc.date.available2015-04-24T17:31:10Z
dc.date.issued2015-01
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1912/7240
dc.descriptionAuthor Posting. © The Author(s), 2015. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of Elsevier for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Desalination 360 (2015): 61-80, doi:10.1016/j.desal.2015.01.007.en_US
dc.description.abstractThis article reviews the occurrence of HABs in seawater, their effects on the operation of seawater reverse osmosis (SWRO) plants, the indicators for quantifying/predicting these effects, and the pretreatment strategies for mitigating operational issues during algal blooms. The potential issues in SWRO plants during HABs are particulate/organic fouling of pretreatment systems and biological fouling of RO membranes, mainly due to accumulation of algal organic matter (AOM). The presence of HAB toxins in desalinated water is also a potential concern but only at very low concentrations. Monitoring algal cell density, AOM concentrations and membrane fouling indices is a promising approach to assess the quality of SWRO feedwater and performance of the pretreatment system. When geological condition is favourable, subsurface intake can be a robust pretreatment for SWRO during HABs. Existing SWRO plants with open intake and are fitted with granular media filtration can improve performance in terms of capacity and product water quality, if preceded by dissolved air flotation or sedimentation. However, the application of advanced pretreatment using ultrafiltration membrane with in‐line coagulation is often a better option as it is capable of maintaining stable operation and better RO feed water quality during algal bloom periods with significantly lower chemical consumption.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipThis study was conducted with the financial support of UNESCO‐IHE Institute for Water Education, Wetsus Centre of Excellence for Sustainable Water Technology and Water Desalination and Reuse Center (KAUST, Saudi Arabia). Support for D. M. Anderson was provided through the Woods Hole Center for Oceans and Human Health, National Science Foundation Grant OCE‐1314642 and National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences Grant 1‐P01‐ES021923‐01.en_US
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.relation.urihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.desal.2015.01.007
dc.subjectSeawater reverse osmosis (SWRO)en_US
dc.subjectHarmful algal blooms (HAB)en_US
dc.subjectPretreatmenten_US
dc.subjectCoagulationen_US
dc.subjectUltrafiltration (UF)en_US
dc.subjectSubsurface intakeen_US
dc.titleSeawater reverse osmosis desalination and (harmful) algal bloomsen_US
dc.typePreprinten_US


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