Seabirds, gyres and global trends in plastic pollution
MetadataShow full item record
KeywordFulmarus glacialis; Plastic ingestion; Marine debris; North Atlantic subtropical gyre; Industrial plastic pellets
Fulmars are effective biological indicators of the abundance of floating plastic marine debris. Long-term data reveal high plastic abundance in the southern North Sea, gradually decreasing to the north at increasing distance from population centres, with lowest levels in high-arctic waters. Since the 1980s, pre-production plastic pellets in North Sea fulmars have decreased by ∼75%, while user plastics varied without a strong overall change. Similar trends were found in net-collected floating plastic debris in the North Atlantic subtropical gyre, with a ∼75% decrease in plastic pellets and no obvious trend in user plastic. The decreases in pellets suggest that changes in litter input are rapidly visible in the environment not only close to presumed sources, but also far from land. Floating plastic debris is rapidly “lost” from the ocean surface to other as-yet undetermined sinks in the marine environment.
© The Author(s), 2015. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Environmental Pollution 203 (2015): 89-96, doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2015.02.034.
Suggested CitationArticle: van Franeker, Jan A., Lavender Law, Kara L., "Seabirds, gyres and global trends in plastic pollution", Environmental Pollution 203 (2015): 89-96, DOI:10.1016/j.envpol.2015.02.034, https://hdl.handle.net/1912/7214
The following license files are associated with this item:
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Liscovitch-Brauer, Noa; Alon, Shahar; Porath, Hagit T.; Elstein, Boaz; Unger, Ron; Ziv, Tamar; Admon, Arie; Levanon, Erez; Rosenthal, Joshua J. C.; Eisenberg, Eli (2017-03)RNA editing, a post-transcriptional process, allows the diversification of proteomes beyond the genomic blueprint; however it is infrequently used among animals. Recent reports suggesting increased levels of RNA editing ...
Accelerated phosphorus accumulation and acidification of soils under plastic greenhouse condition in four representative organic vegetable cultivation sites Wang, Yanling; Zhang, Hailin; Tang, Jianwu; Xu, Jiangbing; Kou, Taiji; Huang, Hongmei (2015-04)Organic vegetable cultivation under plastic greenhouse conditions is expanding rapidly in the suburb of big cities in China due to the increasing demand for organic, out-of-season green vegetables and the sustainable ...
Koebsch, Franziska; Glatzel, Stephan; Hofmann, Joachim; Forbrich, Inke; Jurasinski, Gerald (John Wiley & Sons, 2013-06-20)Year-round flooding provides a common land management practice to reestablish the natural carbon dioxide (CO2) sink function of drained peatlands. Here we present eddy covariance measurements of net CO2 exchange from a ...