Seabirds, gyres and global trends in plastic pollution
MetadataShow full item record
KeywordFulmarus glacialis; Plastic ingestion; Marine debris; North Atlantic subtropical gyre; Industrial plastic pellets
Fulmars are effective biological indicators of the abundance of floating plastic marine debris. Long-term data reveal high plastic abundance in the southern North Sea, gradually decreasing to the north at increasing distance from population centres, with lowest levels in high-arctic waters. Since the 1980s, pre-production plastic pellets in North Sea fulmars have decreased by ∼75%, while user plastics varied without a strong overall change. Similar trends were found in net-collected floating plastic debris in the North Atlantic subtropical gyre, with a ∼75% decrease in plastic pellets and no obvious trend in user plastic. The decreases in pellets suggest that changes in litter input are rapidly visible in the environment not only close to presumed sources, but also far from land. Floating plastic debris is rapidly “lost” from the ocean surface to other as-yet undetermined sinks in the marine environment.
© The Author(s), 2015. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License. The definitive version was published in Environmental Pollution 203 (2015): 89-96, doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2015.02.034.
Suggested CitationEnvironmental Pollution 203 (2015): 89-96
The following license files are associated with this item:
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Liscovitch-Brauer, Noa; Alon, Shahar; Porath, Hagit T.; Elstein, Boaz; Unger, Ron; Ziv, Tamar; Admon, Arie; Levanon, Erez; Rosenthal, Joshua J. C.; Eisenberg, Eli (2017-03)RNA editing, a post-transcriptional process, allows the diversification of proteomes beyond the genomic blueprint; however it is infrequently used among animals. Recent reports suggesting increased levels of RNA editing ...
Home site advantage in two long-lived arctic plant species : results from two 30-year reciprocal transplant studies Bennington, Cynthia C.; Fetcher, Ned; Vavrek, Milan C.; Shaver, Gaius R.; Cummings, Kelli J.; McGraw, James B. (2012-03-30)Reciprocal transplant experiments designed to quantify genetic and environmental effects on phenotype are powerful tools for the study of local adaptation. For long-lived species, especially those in habitats with short ...
Cell-specific activity-dependent fractionation of layer 2/3→5B excitatory signaling in mouse auditory cortex Joshi, Ankur; Middleton, Jason W.; Anderson, Charles T.; Borges, Katharine; Suter, Benjamin A.; Shepherd, Gordon M. G.; Tzounopoulos, Thanos (Society for Neuroscience, 2015-02-18)Auditory cortex (AC) layer 5B (L5B) contains both corticocollicular neurons, a type of pyramidal-tract neuron projecting to the inferior colliculus, and corticocallosal neurons, a type of intratelencephalic neuron projecting ...